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From the 

Uhiary of 

SCOTT rURNER 



;^3a5^s 



I know no way of judging the future 
but by the past." — Patrick Henry. 



METAL 
STATISTICS 

1914. 



SEVENTH ANNUAL EDITION. 



Issued by 
AMERICAN METAL MARKET AND 
DAILY IRON AND STEEL REPORT. 



THE AMERICAN METAL MARKET COMPANY, 
81 FULTON STREET, NEW YORK. 



i 



&»st Engfa, 

i\bT^ry 

TA/ 
<&/ 



Copyright, 1914, 

by 

The American Metal Market Co. 



^t t A/ qiAJ . 

j^ijfJ- 

^ t ^ -sTt PREFACE. 

The seventh annual ediition of "Metal 
Statistics" has been compiled with the same 
care that was exercised with previous edi- 
tions. While the trade has already been 
land enough to characterize "Metal Statis- 
tics" as practically complete in the ferrous 
and non-ferrous metal fields, for buyers and 
sellers as well as plant managers and en- 
gineers, a number of additions of interest- 
ing statistics have been made in the present 
issue. 

For the statistics relating to the metal pro- 
duction in the United States we are indebt- 
ed to the U. S. Geological Survey and ac- 
knowledgement is also made to the New 
York Metal Exchange, Henry R. Merton & 
Co., Metallgesellschaft and other authorities 
whose statistics have been used in this pub- 
lication. 

It is fitting Inat special acknowledge- 
ment be made to the American Iron and 
Steel Institute whence we secure all the 
tonnage output statistics of iron and steel. 
On January i, 1913, Mr. James M. Swank 
retired, full of years and honor, as man- 
ager of the American Iron and Steel Asso- 
ciation, and the excellent organization he 
had built up became the Bureau of Statistics 
of the American Iron and Steel Institute. 

Attention is directed to the fact that our 
monthly averages of prices of iron and steel 
and metals are based upon the daily quota, 
tions published in the "American Metal 
Market and Daily Iron and Steel Report." 

B. E. V. LUTY, 

C. S. J. TRENCH, 

Editors. 
New York, January 19, 19 14. 



\ 



CONTENTS. 

IRON AND STEEL. 



ORE. 



Pagre. 



Lake Superior shipments 18 

Prices, Lake Superior 21 

Production, Lake Superior and total 19 

Stocks on Lake Brie docks 19 

PIO IRON. 

Analyses, standard 53 

Anthracite foundry prices, 1844 to 1895 .... 51 

Basic • prices, valley, by months 44 

Basic prices, Philadelphia 50 

The basic averagre, 1905-1913 43 

The Bessemer averagre, 1903-1913 41 

Bessemer prices, by months, 1886-1894 38 

Bessemer prices, by months, 1895-1902 .... 39 

Bessemer prices, by months, 1908-1913 44 

Charcoal prices, 1799 to 1849 50 

Composite pigr iron 12 and 13 

Foundry prices, Birmingham, by months ... 49 

Foundry prices, BulTalo, by months 47 

Foundry prices, Chicago, by months 49 

Foundry prices, Cleveland, by months 47 

Foundry prices, Philadelphia, by months ... 48 

Foundry prices, valley, by months 46 

Miscellaneous prices 18 

Production, by grades 31 

Production, by half years 38 

Production, with decennial totals 29 

World's production 35 

STEEIi. 

Billet prices, by months, 1891-1913 . . 55 and 57 

Production of ingots and castingrs 103 

FINISHED PRODUCTS. 

Can prices, dates 101 

Composite finished steel 16 

Index steel prices 11 

Iron bar prices 66, 67, 69 and 71 

Nail production, cut and wire 81 

Official prices, bars, plates, shapes 59 

Pipe discounts, 1900-1913 77 

Pipe list 75 

Plate prices 59 and 63 

Rods, monthly and yearly prices 64 

Rivets, monthly prices 83 

Hoops, bands and cotton ties 78 

Production of rolled iron and steel . . 105 and 107 

Sheet and plate production 85 

Sheet products, prices 87, 89 and 91 



CONTENTS. 

IBON AND STBIX. 

PftfiTO* 

FINISHED PBODUOTS. (Continued). 

Steel bar priceB 59 and 66 

Structural Bhape prices 59 and 61 

Shafting dlBcountB 88 

Tin plate and black plate production 93 

Tin plate price changes, dates 95 

Tin plate prices, New York 97 

Tin plates. Imports and exports 99. 

Wire nail cards 81 

Wire products, high and low prices 79 

SCRAP. 

Bundled sheet, Pittsburgh 110 

Chicago prices by years 116 

Heavy melting steel. Chicago 113 

Heavy melting steel. Philadelphia 116 

Heavy melting steel, Pittsburgh 109 

No 1 cast, Pittsburgh 112 

No. 1 wrought, Pittsburgh Ill 

No. 1 cast, Chicago 116 

ReroUlng rails, Chicago 116 

MISOBIXANBOUS. 

Cast iron pipe prices. New York 52 

ConnellsvlUe coke, from the "Courier" 25 

, ConnellsvlUe coke prices, by months 23 

Coke production in United States 26 

Coke, number of ovens operating 26 

Ferromanganese prices, by months 37 

Good and bad years, graphic, 1873-1913 ... 121 

Iron and steel duties 125 

Iron and steel exports 27 

Production estimates for 1913 17 

Railroad statistics 123 

Total production through 1912 17 

U. S. Steel Corporation statistics 117, 118 and 119 

BIETALS. 

COPPER. 

Production of mines and smelters.. 141, 143.145 

Production of refineries 149 

World's production 139, 146 and 147 

Total production since 1800 139 

Consumption in the United States . . 150 and 159 ' 

Consumption in Eiurope 166 

Copper Producers' statistics for 1913 148 

Stocks of copper in United States .... 154 to 167 
Foreign stocks of copper 153 to 157 



A 



1 



CONTENTS. 

MBTAI.S. 

Paere. 
COPPSB. (Continued). 

Exports of copper ,. . . . 151, 161 and 162 

Imports of copper 168 

Lake copper prices 167, 169 and 171 

Electrolytic prices l73 

CastinsT prices 175 

Waterbury averagre 177 

Sheet copper price changes 181 

Foreign copper prices 184 to 187 ; 

Foreign visible supply *. . . 165 ' 

Production according to grades 160 

Analysis of Producers' statistics .... 152 and 153 , 

Fluctuations in world's visible supply. 154 to 157 

Standard prices, London, by months 187 

Stocks in Hamburg and Rotterdam 153 

Comparison of domestic and foreign prices. . 178 

High sheet brass prices 179 

Consumption of iron and copper compared.. 183 

TIS 

World's production 189 

World's consumption 191 

Consumption in United States , 195 

Deliveries in London 196, ; 

Deliveries in Holland ; . . . . 197 ] 

Shipments from the Straits 192 ; 

Banca sales 193 ; 

Stocks of tin in United States 201 [ 

Visible supply of tin 199 

Imports of tin 203 • 

Straits tin prices in New York .... 205 and 207 

Foreign tin prices 208 to 211 

Classification of imports 203 

World's stocks of tin 201 

Analyses 202 

LBAD. 

Production of lead in U. S. ... 213, 214 and 215 

World's production 216 

Consumption in United States .... 218 and 219 

Lead prices in New York 221, 223 and 227 

Lead prices in St. Louis 225 

Lead price changes 223 

Domestic and foreign prices compared .... 229 

Foreign lead prices 229 and 231 

Lead ore shipments from Joplin 254 

World's consumption 217 



CONTENTS. 

MBTAIiS. 

Pagre. 
SPBLTBR. 

World's production 233 

Production in the United States 235, 237 and 239 

Joplin zinc ore shipments 254 

Consumption in United States .... 242 and 243 

Spelter prices in New York 247 and 251 

Spelter prices in St. Louis 249 

Waterbury averagre 256 

Foreign prices 258 and 259 

Sheet zinc price changes 263 

World's production of secondary spelter .... 240 

Foreign and domestic prices compared 258 

Exports of zinc ore from New South Wales. . 256 

Grades of spelter 246 

Zinc ore prices 255 

Zinc smelting capacity 257 

Imports and exports 241 

AliUMINUM. 

Production, consumption of aluminum in U. S. 261 

Aluminum prices in New York 263 

World's production 265 

Aluminum prices in Europe 263 

ANTIMONT. 

Production of antlmonial lead 266 

Imports of antimony 266 

Cookson's prices 267 

Halletts' prices 268 

Hungarian prices 269 

SHiYEB. 

Production in United States 270 

Silver prices in New York 271 

MISCSLIiANEOUS. 

Gold production 272 and 273 

Production of secondary metals .... 276 and 277 

Metal duties 127 

English* American price equivalents.. 283 to 285 
Value of metallic products of United States. 280 

Composite metal price 136 and 137 

Metal prices In 1918 129 to 135 

Quicksilver prices ^ 274 

Platinum prices 274 

Commodity prices 275 

Security prices 278 and 279 

Our foreign trade l^V 



LIST OF ADVERTISERS. 

Pagre. 

AJax Metal Co., 176 

Allesrheny Steel Co 62 

Aluminum Company of America 260 

American Can Co 100 

American Metal Co 142 

American Sheet and Tin Plate Co., 90 

American Zinc, Lead & Smelting Co 236 

M. B. Appelbaum 138 

Balbach Smelting & Refiningr Co 142 

BanningTf Cooper & Co., Ltd., 42 

Beer, Sondheimer & Co 232 

S. Birkenstein & Sons 158 

Bradford Co 264 

Brier Hill Steel Co 104 

Brookmire Bconomic Service 122 

Brooks Solder & Metal Works 206 

Bruce & Cook 126 

Cambria Steel Co 106 

Carnahan Tin Plate & Sheet Co 92 

Carnegie Steel Co 66 

C L. Constant Co 226 

Dickerson, Van Dusen & Co 206 

Easrle Smelting & Reflningr Works 212 

Follansbee Bros Co 120 

A. Gilbert & Sons Brass Fdy. Co 128 

Glasgow Iron Co 58 

Goldschmidt De tinning Co 200 

Goldschmidt Thermit Co 176 

Granby Mining & Smelting Co 246 

Grasselli Chemical Co., 248 

Guiterman, Rosenfeld & Co., 262 

Geo. J. Hagan 84 

Harbison- Walker Refractories Co., 28 

Hendricks Bros 180 

J. H. Hillman & Sons Co 24 

Illinois Zinc Co., 252 

Jones & Laughlin Steel Co 14 

La Belle Iron Works 74 

Lackawanna Steel Co., 60 

C. W. Leavitt & Co 264 

Marks Lissberger & Son 220 

McKeesport Tin Plate Co 102 

Magnus Metal Co 140 

Market and Fulton National Bank 182 

Matthlessen & Hegeler Zinc Co 250 

Mohawk Mining Co 170 

More- Jones Brass & Metal Co 204 

Morrison, Kekewlch & Co 164 



z 



LIST OF ADVERTISERS. 

Page. 

O. J. Mousette Co., Inc 282 

Nassau Smelting & Reflningr Works 144 

National Tube Co., 76 

New Jersey Zinc Co., 244 

B. Nlcoll & Co.. 68 

Pagre Woven Wire Fence Co 10 

Parkersburff Iron & Steel Co.. 88 

Phelps, Dodge & Co 172 

Phillips Sheet & Tin Plate Co 94 

Plttsburgrh Steel Co., 78 

Portsmouth Steel Co 32 

Primes Chemical Co., 226 

Quincy Mining Co., 168 

W. J. Ralney 22 

Reeves Manufacturing Co., 124 

Republic Iron & Steel Co., 64 

Richards & Co 188 

Riverside Metal Refining Co 222 

Thomas Robertson A Co., Ltd 230 

Rogers, Brown & Co 46 

Frank Samuel 114 

Sandoval Zinc Co., 238 

A. Sellgmann . « 190 

Sharon Steel Hoop Co., 30 

W. P. Snyder A Co., 20 

Standard Tin Plate Co 194 

J. R. Stanton 170 

Stark Rolling Mill Co 82 

Supplee-Blddle Hardware Co 174 

C. Tennant Sons & Co., 36 

Tottenvllle Copper Co., 144 

C. S. Trench & Co 198 

Trimble, Mudge & Co., 108 

Nathan Trotter & Co 168 

Trumbull Steel Co 16 

U. S. Smelting Works 128 

L. Vogelsteln & Co., 284 

Vulcan Detinning Co., 70 

John Wahl Commission Co., 224 

Walter-Walllhgford & Co., 40 

Washington Tin Plate Co., 96 

West Lieechburg Steel Co 72 

West Penn Steel Co., 86 

Wheeling Corrugating Co 34 

Wheeling Sheet & Tin Plate Co 98 

White & Bro 170 

Wolverine Mining Co 170 

Toungstown Iron & Steel Co 80 



ESTABUSHED 1886 



PAGE 

WOVEN WIRE 
FENCE CO. 

MONESSEN, PA. 




Manufacturers of 

Woven Wire Fencing, 

Ornamental Fencing and l^edalties 

Special Process Concrete 

Reinforcing Fabric 

High Carbon Spring Wire 

Galvanized Wire Plain Wure 

Wire Rods 

Steel Ingots 



We make a Specialty of 

HIGH CARBON STEEL 
RODS AND WIRE 



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11 



COMPOSITE PIG IRON. 

Composite pig iron is a convention de. 
vised by the American Metal' Market to 
show at one glance the bulk movement of 
all pig iron. This price of composite pig 
iron is thus computed (for January i, 1914) : 

One ton Bessemer, valley $14.25 

Two tons basic, valley (12.50) 25.00 

One ton No. 2 foundry, valley 13.00 

One ton No. 2X foundry, Philadelphia 14.50 
One ton No. 2X foundry, Buffalo . . . 13.00 
One ton No. 2 foundry, Cleveland . . . 13.50 
One ton No. 2 foundry, Chicago .... 14.50 
Two tons No. 2 Southern foundry, 

Cincinnati (13-75) 27.50 

Total, ten tons $13525 

One ton $13,525 



Composite pig iron averaged from daily 
quotations: 

1909. 1910. 191 1. 1912. I913. 

Jan... 16.266 17.598 14.375 13.420 17.391 

Feb.. 15.998 17.215 14.340 13.427 17.140 

Mar. . 15414 16.702 14.425 13.581 16.775 

April. 14.854 16.315 14.375 13.779 16.363 

May . 14.854 15.750 14.242 13.917 15.682 

June . 15.129 15.320 14.032 14.005 14.968 

July . 15.485 15.131 13.926 14.288 14.578 

Aug. . 16.027 14.727 13.874 14.669 14.565 

Sep. . 17.041 14.612 13.819 15.386 14.692 

Oct. . 17.919 14.435 13-692 16.706 14.737 

Nov. . 17.955 14.415 13532 17.226 14.282 

Dec. . 17-776 14.408 13.430 17.475 13.838 



Year. 16.227 15.552 14.005 14.823 15.418 

12 



COMPOSITE PIG IRON.. 

Conventional averages, 

1890 17.00 1902 19.89 

1891 14.82 1903 17.7s 

1892 13.48 1904 13.34 

1893 12.20 190S 15.96 

1894 10.39 1906 18.84 

189s 11.71 1907 22.49 

1896 ii.14 1908 16.02 

1897 9.98 1909 16.23 

1898 10.41 1910 15.55 

1899 17.34 191 1 14.00 

1900 17.82 1912 14.82 

1901 14.35 1913 15.42 



PIG IRON. 

(Annual Averages of Quotations). 

No. 1 Fdy. Bera. So. Fdy. Fdy. Ij.8.Chl. 

Phila. Pitts. Cin*ti. Chi'ffo. Chi'^a 

1891.. 17.52 15.87 
1892.. 15.75 14.28 

1893.. 14.52 12.68 11.35 12.80 16.12 

1894.. 12.66 11.06 9.40 10.56 14.75 

1895.. 13.10 12.73 11.25 11.80 13.75 

1896.. 12.95 12.00 10.29 11.65 13.62 

1897.. 12.10 9.98 9.33 10.68 13.00 

1898.. 11.66 10.31 9.46 10.97 11.60 

1899.. 19.36 18.89 16.58 17.65 19.80 

1900.. 19.98 18.84 17.04 I9I2 22.00 

I90I.. 15.87 15.73 13.61 15.03 17.50 



1902.. 22.19 20.07 20.00 20.52 23.50 

1903.. 19.92 18.64 17.08 18.90 22.13 

1904.. 15.57 13.66 12.73 14.02 15.50 

1905.. 17.88 16.33 15.57 17.30 18.00 

1906.. 20.98 19.33 18.37 20.08 20.72 

1907.. 23.89 22.64 23.10 24.15 26.56 

1908. ♦17.33 17.03 15.83 17.25 20.25 

1909. ♦17.30 17.46 16.06 17.51 19.50 

1910. ^16.87 17.16 14.85 17.10 18.69 

191 1. ^15.20 15.74 13.62 15.19 17.00 

1912. ♦15.98 15.04 14.96 15.77 16.75 

1913. *i6.56 17.16 14.98 16.39 16.55 



3o. Pdy. 


Pdy. 


Cln*tl. 


Chi'ffo. 


13.75 


14.95 


12.65 


n.88 


11.35 


12.80 


9.40 


10.56 


11.25 


11.80 


10.29 


11.65 


9.33 


10.68 


9.46 


10.97 


16.58 


17.65 


17.04 


19.12 


13.61 


15.03 


20.00 


20.52 


17.08 


18.90 


12.73 


14.02 


15.57 


17.30 


18.37 


20.08 


23.10 


24.15 


15.83 


17.25 


16.06 


17.51 


14.85 


17.10 


13.62 


15.19 


14.96 


15.77 


14.98 


16.39 



* No. 2 X. 



X 



^:>» 



Jones & Laughlin 
Steel Company 

American Iron and Steel Works 

OPEN HEARTH AND 
BESSEMER STEEL 



Bars, Bands, Hoops, Beams, Channels, 
Angles, Steel Sheet Piling, Cold Twisted 
Square Bars, Tees, Zees, Plates, Light 
Rails, Spikes, Cold Rolled and Cold 
Drawn Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, 
Splice Joints, Couplings, Etc. 

Tin Plate, Wire, Wire Nails, Barbed 

Wire. 



Qeneral Offlees: PinSBURQH 

Braneh Offlee and Warehouse, CHICAQO, 
Lake and Canal Sis. 



DISTRICT SALES OFFICES: 

Atlanta, Fourth Nat'l Bank Bide. Philadelphia, Arcade Bldg. 
Buffalo, White Bldg. Cleveland, Rockefeller Bide 

Pittsburg, Jones & Lanchlin Bldg. Boston, 131 State Street 
Cincinnati, Union Trust Co. Bldg. Detroit, 810 Penobscot Bide. 
Szn Francisco, Crocker Bldg. St. Louis, Pierce Bide. 

New York, 165 Btoadwgi7. 



14 



\ 



COMPOSITE FINISHED STEEL. 

Composite finished steel is a convention 
devised by the "American Metal Market" to 
show at one glance the bulk movement of 
prices of finished steel products, excluding 
rails, the groups being weighted according 
to their tonnage importance. The price of 
composite finished steel is thus computed 
(for January i, 1914): 



Pounds. Group. 



2h 



Bars 

Plates 

Shapes 

Pipe (i-3) 
Wire (nails) 
Sheets (28 bl.) 1.80 
Tin plates 3.40 



Price. 
1.20 
1.20 
1.20 

I.9S 
1.55 



Extension. 
3.000 
1.800 
1.800 
2.92s 

2.325 
1.800 

1.700 



10 pounds 15.350 

One pound i*535o 

Averaged from daily quotations: 





1909. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913- 


Jan. . 


1.9250 


1.8625 


1. 7415 


1.5123 


1-7737 


Feb . 


1.8538 


1.847s 


1.7520 


1.4878 


1.7625 


Mar. . 


1.6815 


1.8475 


1.7590 


1.4790 


1.7646 


April 


1.6490 


1.8400 


1.7600 


1.5206 


1.7743 


May . 


1.6050 


1.8325 


1.7510 


1-5590 


1.7786 


June. 


1.6150 


1.7955 


1.6817 


1.5794 


1.7719 


July . 


1.6670 


1.7755 


1. 6701 


1.6188 


1.7600 


Aug.. 


1.7125 


1.7550 


1.6394 


1.6784 


1.7400 


Sep. . 


1.7430 


1.7470 


1.6090 


1.7086 


1.7093 


Oct. . 


1.7900 


1.7350 


1.5461 


1.7588 


1.6779 


Nov.. 


1.8240 


1.7305 


1.4814 


1.7750 


1.6203 


Dec. . 
Year 


1.8370 
1. 74 19 


1.7380 
1.7922 


1.4812 
1.6561 


1.7789 
1.6214 


1.5558 


1.7241 


Approximate 


annua 


[ averages: 




1897.. 


. 1.40 1< 


)03... 


1.97 


1909... 


1.7419 


1898... 


. 1.40 i( 


)04... 


1.77 


1910. .. 


1.7922 


1899... 


. 2.37 n 


)05... 


1.73 


1911. .. 


1.6561 


I900. .. 


> 2.26 i( 


)o6. .. 


1.90 


1912. .. 


1. 62 14 


1901 . . 


■ 2.15 i( 


)07... 


2.0578 


i^n. .' 


\.T2.\^ 


1902. . . 


2.06 i( 


)o8... 


i.^iS 




_ 



IS 



Trumbull Steel Co. 

Manufacturers of 

DIVERSIFIED 
Sheet and Tin Mill Products 



Sheets 

Black and Galvanized 
Flat and Corrugated 
Curved Corrugated Sheets 
Uniform Colored Sheets 
Formed Roofing Products 
of every description. 
Metal Shingles and Tile 
Metal Siding 
Metal Ceiling 

Tin Plate 

Roofing Tin 
Genuine Charcoal Iron Ternes 
Long Terne Sheets 
Bright Coke Tins 
Bright Charcoal Tins 
Fire Door Plate 



Home Office and Works, 

WARREN, OHIO 

i6 



TOTAL PRODUCTION. 



Estimated total production to January i, 
1913, and production in 1912; gross tons 
except in the case of nails, which are given 
in kegs of 100 pounds: 



1912. 

Iron ore 55.i50»i47 

Pig iron 29,726,937 

Open-hearth steel*. 20,780,723 
Bessemer steel* . . . 10,327,901 

Total steel* 31,251,303 

Iron rails 

Bessemer steel rails 1,099,926 
Open-hearth steel 

rails 2,105,144. 

All steel rails 3,327,915 

Wire rods 2,653,553 

Structural shapes . . 2,846,487 
Cut nails (kegs) . . 978,*+! 5 
Wire nails (kegs) . . 14,659,700 
Tin plates 962,971 



Total 

through 

1912. 
920,000,000 
475,000,000 
147,000,000 
188,000,000 
339,000,000 
10,700,000 
61,300,000 

8,283,426 

70,000,000 

32,500,000 

29,000,000 

210,000,000 

212,000,000 

8,600,000 



* Ingots and castings. 



ESTIMATES FOR 1913. 

Iron ore 60,000,000 

Pig iron 31,000,000 

Steel '>i'>j,'»:3Kif2K*:^ 



17 



LAKE SUPERIOR ORE SHIPMENTS. 



i8S4 
1855 
1856 

1857 
1858 

i8S9 
i860 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1864 

186s 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 

1873 

' 1874 

1875 
1876 

• 1877 
1878 

1879 
1880 
i88t 
1882 
1883 



Opened. 
1854 
1877 
1884 
1884 
1892 
1911 



(Grpss tons) 
3,000 1884 



1,449 

36,343 
25,646 

15,876 

68,832 

114,401 

49,909 
124,169 

203,055 

243,127 

236,208 

278,796 

473,567 
491,449 
617444 
830,940 
779,607 
900,901 
1,162,458 

919,557 

891,257 

992,764 

1,015,087 

1,111,110 

1,375,691 

1,908,745 

2,319,469 

2,965,412 
2,352,840 



1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1890 
1891 
1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 
1896 

1897 
1898 

1899 
1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 
1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

1910 

1911 

1912 

1913 (est) 



Totals From Opening 

Rangre. In 1912. 



Marquette 

Menominee 

Vermillion 

Gogreblc 

Mesabi 

Cuyuna 

Miscellaneous 



4,202.308 

4,711,440 

1,844,981 

4,996,498 

32,047,409 

305.111 

104.031 



2,518,693 
2,466,642 

3,565,144 
4,762,107 

5,063,877 

7,292,643 

9,003,725 

7,071,053 
9,082,370 

6,073,641 

7,759,753 
10,445,509 

9,947,972 
12,475,120 
14,042,824 
18,271,535 
19,059,393 
20,615,907 

27,585,904 
24,329,710 

21,849,401 

34,384,116 

38,565,762 

42,266,668 

26,014,987 

42,586,869 

43,442,397 
32,793,130 
48,211,778 
49,850,000 



Thro. 1912. 

103,332,141 

84,073,407 

33,262,473 

72.735.633 

279.046.125 

452.542 

1,191.969 



Through 1912 574.094.290 

In 1913 (estimated) 49.850.000 

Through 1913 624,000.000 






1^ 



i893. 
1894. 

1895. 
1896. 

1897. 
1898. 
1899. 
1900. 
1901. 
1902. 
1903. 
1904. 

1905. 
1906. 
1907. 
1908. 
1909. 
19T0. 
1911. 
1912. 



IRON ORE PRODUCTION. 

(Gross tons) 
Lake Superior. All other. 
6,594,620 



7,682,548 
10,268,978 
10,566,359 
12,205,522 
13,779,308 
17,802,955 
20,564,238 
21,445,903 

26,977,404 

26,573,271 
20,198,311 

33,325,018 

37,876,371 
41,526,579 
28,108,079 
41,863,635 

46,328.743 
35,550,225 

46,368,878 



4,993,009 

4,197,131 
5,688,636 

5,439,090 

5,312,524 
5,654,408 
6,880,218 
6,988,923 
7,441,576 

8,576,731 
8,446,037 

7,446,019 

9,201,115 

9,873,357 
10,194,040 

7,816,692 

9,291,802 

10.560,991 

8,326,327 

8,781,269 



Total. 
11,587,629 

11,879,679 
I5,957»6i4 

16,005449 
17,518,046 

19,433,716 

24,683,173 
27,553,161 

28,887,479 
35,554,135 
35,019,308 

27,644,330 
42,526,133 
47,749,728 

51,720,619 
35,924,771 
51,155,437 
56.889,734 
43,876,552 
55,150,147 



20 years 505,606,945 151,109,895 656,716,840 

IRON ORE ON LAKE ERIE DOCKS. 

May 1st. December ist. 



1904 4,534,103 

1905 2,271,631 

1906 1,791,090 

1907 1,976,988 

1908 5,480,300 

1909 5,370,268 

1910 5,444,080 

1911 6,778,494 

1912 ».. 5,881,245 

1913 5,909,829 



5,763,399 
6,438,967 

6,252,455 
7,385,728 
9,526,003 
9,471,428 
9,797,980 
9,469,869 
10,078,255 
9,261,676 



\ 



19 



W. p. Snyder 

& Company 



PITTSBURG 



PIG IRON, 
COKE, ORE 



PRODUCTS OF 



The Shenango 
Furnace Company 



20 



LAKE SUPERIOR IRON ORE. 
tOii Lake Erie Dock). 
— Old Range — — Mesabi — 
Bess. Non-Bes. Bess. Non-BeE 

) 4,00 

) 4.S0 

I S.OO 



. 4.76 
. 5.00 



4.00 



3.7fi 




4.S0 




3.75 




3,75 




3.25 




S.OO 


3,50 


2.25 


3.25 


3.60 


a.25 


a.as 


2.10 


1.80 


S.15 


3.00 


8.2S 


4.15 


4.40 


2.85 


3.75 


3,00 


3.00 


3.G0 


4,00 


2.60 


3.75 


3.20 


3.50 


3.70 


4.00 


4.20 


4.7S 


3,70 


4.35 


3.70 


4.25 



W. 1 RAINEY 

Larpst lideiMiiileiit Manufacturir of 

STANDARD 
CONNELLSVILLE COKE 



Quality First. 

For more than thirty years, 
Rainey Connellsville Coke has 
been the standard by which all 
other coke has been compared. 

Manufacturer Direct to 
Consumer. 

As we sell nothing but coke 
made in our own ovens our cus- 
tomers are always assured of re- 
ceiving nothing but 

Rainey Standard Connelkville 

Coke. 



GENERAL OFFICES 

527 Fifth Ave., New York 



22 



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J. H. Hillman & Sons Co. 

Olhrer Bailding, Pitbbargfa 



Standard 

Low Sulphur 

ConneOsyille Coke 



For Blast Furnaces 
and Foundries 



ANNUAL SHIPMENTS 
3,000,000 Tons 



Send us your inquiries for either 
Spot Shipment or Contract. 



ANY RAILROAD DEUVERY 



2d 



CONNELLSVILLE COKE. 

Compiled by Connellsvllle Courier; Connellsville 
and lower Connellsville region : 



Total 
Oyena 

7,211 

8,208 

9,283 

10,176 



1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 10,543 

188s 10,471 

1886 10,952 

1887 11,923 

1888 13,975 

1889 14,458 

1890 16,020 

1891 17*204 

1892 17,256 

1893 17,513 

1894 17,834 

1895 17,947 

1896 18,351 

1897 18,628 

1898 18,643 

1899 19,689 

1900 20,954 

1901 .21,575 

1902 36,329 

1903 28,092 

1904 29,119 

1905 30,842 

1906 34,059 

1907 35,697 

1908 37,842 

1909 39,158 

1910 39,137 

1911 38,904 

1912 38,884 



Shipments 
Net tona 

2,205,946 
2,639,002 

3,043.394 
3,552,402 

3,192,105 
3,096,012 
4,180,521 
4,146,989 

4,955,553 
5,930,428 

6,464,156 
4,760,665 
6,329,452 
4,805,623 

5,454,451 
8,244,438 
5,411,602 
6,915,052 
8,460,112 

10,129,764 
10,166,234 

12,609,949 
14,138,740 
13,345,230 
12,427,468 
17,896,526 
19,999,326 
19,029,058 
10,700,022 

17,785,832 
18,689,722 

16,334,174 
20,000,873 
20,097,901 



1913 39,067 

Shipments by quarters, 1913: 

Connellsville Lower Con'vllle 

1st 3.089,573 2,223,202 

2nd 3.036,213 2,197,410 

3rd 2,863,481 2.192,690 

4th 2,377.021 2.118.311 



Average 
Price. 

$1.79 
1.63 

1.47 
I.I4 

1. 13 
1.22 

1.36 

1.79 
1. 19 

1.34 
1.94 
1.87 
1.83 
1.49 
1. 00 
1.23 
1.90 
1.65 

1.55 
2.00 

2.70 

1.95 
2.37 
3.00 

175 
2.26 

2.75 
2.90 

1.80 

2.00 

2.10 

1.72 

1.92 

2.95 



Total. 
5,312.77.''. 
5,233.623 
5.056.171 
4,495,332 



Total l\.3«ft,'i%% 



% A'iV ,'^VJ» n.^ .^^-v .^^\ 



^S 



COKE PRODUCTION IN UNITED 

STATES. 



1893 
1894 

1895 
1896 

1897 
1898 
1899 
1900 
1901 
1902 

1903 
1904 

1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 

1909 
1910 
191 1 
1912 



(Short tons) 
Beehive. By-product. 

12,850 



9,464,730 

9,187,132 

13,315,193 

11,705,735 
13,027,072 

15,752,764 
18,762,035 

19,457,621 

20,615,983 

24,998,142 

23,391,887 

21.052,877 

28,768,781 

31,843,090 

35,171,665* 

21,832,292 

33,060,421 

34,570,076 

27,703,644 
32,868,345 



16,500 
18,521 

83,038 
261,912 

294,445 

906,534 

1,075,727 
1,179,900 

1,403,588 

1,882,394 
2,608,229 
3,462,348 
4,558,127 

5,607,899 
4,201,226 
6,254,644 

7,138,734 

7,847,845 
11,048,489* 



Total 
9,477,580 
9,203,632 

13,333,714 

11,788,773 
13,288,984 

16,047,209 
19,668,569 
20,533,348 
21,795,883 
25,401,730 
25,274,281 
23,661,106 
32,231,129 
36,401,217 

40,779,564 
26,033,518 
39,315,065 
41,708,810 

35,551,489 
*43,9 16,834 



NUMBER OF OVENS. 

(In operative condition during 

Beehive. 

1900 57,399 

1901 62,786 

1902 67,406 

1903 iiyy?"^ 

1904 80,689 

1905 84461 

1906 90,354 

1907 95,996 

1908 97,419 

1909 99,993 

1910 100,362* 

/p/i 99,255 

igj2 97,019 

* Max/mum. 



year.) 
Retort. 
1,085 
1,165 
1,663 
1,956 
2,910 

3,103 
3.547 
3,684 

3,799 
3,989 
4,078 

4,624 




26 



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27 



HARBISON-WALKER 
REFRACTORIES CO. 

Manufacturers Of 

Highest Grade Silica, 
Magnesia, Chrome, 
Fire Clay and 

Acid-Proof Brick 



Importers Of 

Famous Spaeter Brand 
Dead- Burned Magnesite 

and Grecian Chrome Ore 



General Offices: 
PITTSBURGH, PA. 



SALES OFFICES: 

New York. Philadelphia. Chicago 

Birmingham Pittsburgh 

Cleveland BuflFalo 



28 



U. S. PIG IRON PRODUCTION. 

(Tons 2,240 lbs). 

1823.32 1,200,000 1893 7,124,502 

1833-42 2,400,000 1894 6,657,388 

1843-52 5,500,000 1895 9,446,308* 

1853-62 7,000,000 1896 8,623,127 

Tft/;, Tirrii* 1897 9,652,680* 

lis 1^^281* '^ 11,773,934* 

186^ i\iilo '^ 13,620,703* 

ls5^ •'I'^ * 1900 13,789,242* 

86? llo'Sf* ^^ ^5,p,354: 

18^ r:S:250* '^' ^ 7,821,307 * 

Its If66s:f7r ^^3-1902 114,387,545 

1I72 liifd* ^903 18,009,252* 

i»72 2,54«,7i3* 1904 16,497,033 

1863-72 14,266,035 ^905 22,992,380* 

— 7— r* ^906 25,307,191* 

1873 2,560,963* 1907 25,781,361* 

1874 2,401,262 1908 15,936,018 

1875 2,02^,733 1909 25,795,471* 

1876 1,868,961 1910 27,303,567* 

1877 2,066,594 19 1 1 23,649,547 

1878 2,301,215 1912 29,726,937* 

1879 2,741,853* . 

1880 3,835,191* 1903-12 230,998,757 

1881 4,144,254* 

1882 4,623,323* 1823-1902 238,892,263 
— 1903-12 230,998,757 

1873-82 28,567,349 



1823-1912 469,891,020 



1883 4,595,510 

1884 4,097,868 

1885 4,044,526 1913. 

1886 5,683,329* (Estimated) 

1887 6,417,148* 31,000,000* 

1888 6,489,738* 

1889 7,603,642* ♦ Record years. 

1890 9,202,703* 

1891 8,279,870 

1892 9,157,000 



1883-92 65,571,334 



\ 



20 



SHARON STEEL 
HOOP COMPANY 

General Offlee and Werks: 

SHA RON , PA. 

Manufacturers of 

STEEL HOOPS & STRIPS 

Blade to Any 



ALL WIDTHS from H'* to is" 
ALL GAUGES 
ANY LENGTH 



Our mills are especially adapted for supplykig 
the requirements of the Cooperage and . \ 
Woodenware trade 
AND 

Ftae Keeps, Strips aad Beads ter Celd Relllag, 
Deep Staaiplag aad all speelal purpeses 

Small Shapes, Ovals, Half Ovals and Bands, Cor- 
ner Bead, Cold Formed Channels for Metal Studs 

Open Hearth Billets 
and Sheet Bars 

V 

Drancti Offices 

WhitehaU Bldg., New York aty 

Jno. Hancock Bldg., Boston, Mass. 

1642 McCormlck Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

(KL2 Second Nat. Bank Bldg., Cincinnati, O. , ,!, 

807 Monadnock Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 

Harriton Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Security Building, St. Lou|l|«..lllo. 

207 North Petert St., New Orleans, La. 



mrwrnrntmimmm , 



30 



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Basic Open Hearth Stee 

Portsmouth Iron 

Ohio Metal 



Billets and Slabs, Sheared 
Plates, Blue Annealed 
Sheets, Galvanized Sheets, 
Galvanized Roofings $ 



PORTSMOUTH 
QUALITY 
PRODUCTS 



lortiSiiioixlkSteelC 

GeneFalOffices&\iM(s£i^^ 

SALES OFFICES: 

Cincinnati, Union Trust Bldgr. 
Chica^, 168 N. Clinton St. 
I>etroit, Ford Building 
St. Louis, Syndicate Trust Bldg. 
Kansas City, Commerce Bldg. 
Denver, Sugar Bldg. 
San Francisco, 22 Battery St. 
Los Angeles, Washington Bldg. 
New Orleans, Q. & C. Bldg. 
Chattanooga, James Bldg. 
Louisville, Keller Bldg. 
Richmond, Va. Ry. & Power Bldg. 
Toledo, Ohio Bldg. 



32 



/ 





PIG IRON PRODUCTION. 


u. s. 


. Production — Tons 2,240 Pounds. 


Years- 


1st Half. 


•2nd Half. 


Total. 


1883 .. 


.... 2,352,019 


2,243,491 


4,595,510 


1884 .. 


2,024,126 


2,073,742 


4,097,868 


1885 .. 


.... 1,920,371 


2,124,155 


4,044,526 


1886 .. 


.... 2,637,687 


3,045,642 


5,683,329 


1887 .. 


.... 3.049,295 


3,367,853 


6,417,148 


1888 .. 


3,020,092 


3,469,646 


6,489,738 


1889 .. 


3,661,603 


3,942,039 


7,603,642 


1890 .. 


• •• 4,560,513 


4,642,190 


9,202,703 


1891 .. 


.... 3,368,107 


4,911,763 


8,279,870 


1892 .. 


.... 4,769.683 


4,387,317 


9,157,000 


1893 .. 


4,562,918 


2,561,584 


7,124,502 


1894 .. 


.... 2,717,983 


3,939,405 


6,657,388 


1895 .. 


.... 4,087.558 


5,358,750 


9,446,308 


1896 .. 


.... 4,976,236 


3,646,891 


8,623,127 


1897 .. 


.... 4,403,476 


5,249,204 


9,652,680 


1898 .. 


.... 5,869,703 


5,904,231 


11,773,934 


1899 .. 


6,289,167 


7,331,536 


13,620,703 


1900 .. 


.... 7,642,569 


6,146,673 


13,789,242 


1901 .. 


.... 7,674,613 


8,203,741 


15,878,354 


1902 .. 


.... 8,808,574 


9,012,733 


17,821,307 


1903 .. 


.... 9,707,367 


8,301,885 


18,009,252 


1904 .. 


.... 8,173,438 


8.323,595 


16,497,033 


1905 .. 


.... 11,163,175 


11,829,205 


22,992,380 


1906 .. 


.... 12,582,250 


12,724,941 


25,307,191 


1907 .. 


.... 13,478,044 


12,303,317 


25,781,361 


1908 .. 


6,918,004 


9,018,014 


15,936,018 


1909 .. 


.... 11,022,346 


14,773,125 


25,795,471 


1910 .. 


.... 14,978,738 


12,324,829 


27,303,567 


191 I .. 


11,666,996 


11,982,551 


23,649,547 


1912 .. 


.... 14,072,274 


15,654,663 


29,726,937 


1913 .. 


.... 16,488,602 = 


* 14,500,000 


♦31,000,000 


* Estimated. 







^^ 



WhEELDlG CORSyGJaillG CONRMlY 

WHEEUrf6.WMk. 

Manufacturers of 

Galvanized Sheets 

Flat and Corrugated 

Roofings, Sidings 
Metal Ceilings 

Tin and Teme Plates, Long: Teme 

Sheets, Metal Lath, Conductor 

Pipe, Eaves Trough, Elbows, 

Shoes, Mitres, Hooks, 

Hangers, Etc. 

Full Line of Accessories 



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Trade Marks and Brands 

Crescent," "Corco," "Wheeling," "Star, 
Standard," "Virginia," "Texas," "Dixie,' 
Tennessee," "W. C. C.Co.," Etc., cover 
the products. 



Mills: 
Wheeling, W. Va., and Martins Ferry, O. 

Warehouses: 

New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, 
St. Louis, Kansas City, Chattanooga 

Sales Offices: 

Dallas Denver Detroit Los Angreles 
Portland Salt Lake City San Francisco Seattle 



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C TENNANT SONS & CO. 

of New York 

100 WILLIAM STREET 

New York City 
SOLE AGENCIES 

FERROMANGANESE 80^^ 

Workington Iron & Steel Co. 
Ltd., England. 

FERRO-SILICON 50% 75% 

Electrolytic 
European Maker 

PIG IRON 

Scotch "Glargarnock" and "Cam- 
broe" brands. 

Ellglish'' Workington Iron & Steel 
Co.*s Special Low Phos., Low Phos., 
Double Refined Malleable, Refined 
Malleable, Cylinder, Chilling, Softener. 

Swedish for Chilled Rolls, for Chilled 
Casting, Gray Charcoal, White Char- 
coal. 

English, Middlesboro Foundry and 
East Coast Hematite. 

TUNGSTEN METAL POWDER 97% 

COBALT METAL 98% 

FERRO CHROME 

Silicon-Manganese Alloy, 
Aluminum -Manganese-Silicon 

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and Company: 



PIG IRON 

ALLOYS 

COKE 



Dinsdale Ferro Manganese 
Ashland Ferro Silicon 



OFFICES 

CHICAGO. CINCINNATI 
PITTSBURGH 



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Ltmttad, 

PITTSBURGH. 



COKE 

FURNACE, FOUNDRY, HEATING 
AND CRUSHED. 



PIG IRON 

BESSEMER. BASIC. 

MALLEABLE. 



STEEL 



BESSEMER AND OPEN-HEARTH 

BILLETS 
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produced in thirteen different 

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72 hr. foundry and 

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Thirty-three years' experience have 
made our service of exceptional 
value to every customer. 

Ferro Manganese 
"Roslolare" Fluor Spar 



Buffalo Chicago Cincinnati 

New York Philadelphia Boston 

Cleveland Pittsburgh St. Louis 



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50 



PIQ IRON AT PHILADELPHIA. 



Charcoal iron; to 1827, best pig iron, to 
1833, average of grades; to 1840, gray iron; 
to 1849, No. I foundry: 



1799 
1800 

1801 
1802 
1803 
1804 
1805 
1806 
1807 
1808 
1809 
1810 
181 1 
1812 
1813 
1814 
181S 



No. 

184s . 
1846 -. 

1847 . 

1848 . 

1849 . 

1850 . 

185 1 . 

1852 . 

1853 . 
i8S4 . 

i8S5 . 

1856 . 

1857 . 

1858 . 

1859 . 
i860 . 
1861 . 



36.25 

35.75 

32.75 

30.75 

29.25 

29.75 

30.75 

3575 

38.75 
40.00 

40.00 

38.00 

44.00 

47.50 

47.25 
46.00 

53.75 



I anthrac 

29.25 
27.87 
30.25 
26.50 

22.75 
20.87 

21.37 
22.62 

36.12 

36.87 

27.75 
27.12 

26.37 
22.25 

23.37 
22.75 
20.25 



816 

817 
818 

819 
820 
821 
822 
823 
824 
825 
826 

827 
828 
829 
830 

831 
832 



50.25 
47.00 
42.25 
36.50 
3500 
35.00 
35.00 

35.25 
40.00 

46.75 
46.50 

39.25 
35.00 
35.00 
35.00 
35.00 
35.00 



1833 

1834 

1835 
1836 

1837 
1838 

1839 
1840 

1841 
1842 

1843 

1844 

1845 
1846 

1847 
1848 

1849 



te foundry iron: 

862 .. 23.87 1879 

863 .. 35.25 1880 

864 .. 59.25 1881 

865 .. 46.12 1882 

866 .. 46.87 1883 

867 .. 44.12 1884 

868 .. 39.25 1885 

869 .. 40.62 1886 

870 .. 33.25 1887 

871 .. 35.12 1888 

872 .. 48.87 1889 

873 .. 42.75 1890 

874 .. 30.25 1891 

875 .. 25.50 1892 

876 .. 22.25 1893 

877 .. 18.87 1894 

878 .. 17.62 "^ 1895 



38.25 

30.25 

30.25 

41.50 
41.25 

32.25 

30.00 

32.75 
28.50 

28.00 

26.75 
28.25 

32.25 
31.25 

31.50 
28.50 

24.50 



21.50 
28.50 
25.12 

25.75 
22.37 

19.87 
18.00 

18.71 
20.92 
18.88 

17.75 
18.40 

17.52 
15.75 
14.52 
12.66 
13.10 



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RODS. 



Bessemer steel rods, Pittsburgh, monthly 
and annual averages. 

January 27.75 

February 29.00 

March 29.00 

April 29.00 

May 29.00 

June 28.00 

July 27.00 

August 27.00 

September 27.00 

October 26.00 

November 25.00 

December 24.50 



I9I2. 


I9I3. 


24.60 


30.00 


25.00 


30.00 


25.00 


30.00 


25.00 


30.00 


24.90 


30.00 


24.75 


29.00 


25.00 


28.50 


25.25 


28.00 


26.00 


27.37 


28.37 


26.50 


29.90 


26.00 


30.00 


25.25 



Year 27.35 26.15 28.39 



1887 44.25 1900 29.75 

1888 41.50 1901 32.50 

1889 32.00 1902 36.00 

1890 42.00 1903 34.50 

1891 34.50 1904 28.75 

1892 32.00 1905 32.00 

1893 28.25 1906 34.50 

1894 23.13 1907 36.50 

189s 24.75 1908 34.00 

1896 24.25 1909 31.45 

1897 21.00 1910 30.25 

1898 21.50 1911 27.35 

1899 32.50 1912 26.15 

1913 28.39 



54 



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OPEN HEARTH 



AND 



BESSEMER 

STEEL 



FOR EVERY USE 



CARNEGIE 
STEEL COMPANY 



s6 



earth. 

28.50 
29.00 
29.00 
27.50 
27.00 
26.50 
26.50 

2575 
24.00 

22.50 

20.50 

20.00 


in 


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S, PITTSBU 

iemer 

1909. 1910. 

25.00 27.00 
25.00 27.00 
23.00 27.00 
23.00 26.75 
23.00 25.85 
23.00 25.00 
23.50 25.00 
24.16 24.60 
25.00 24.25 
26.00 23.65 
27.15 23.25 
27.20 23.00 


00 

• 




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S7 



GLASGOW 
IRON CO. 



Manufacturers of 



GENUINE 



Wrought Iron Plates 

Made From Muck Bars 
by the Puddling Process 



Sheared and Universal Open 
Hearth Steel Plates 



Flanged and Pressed Steel Work 
of all descriptions. 



WRITE FOR CATALOGUE 



Works: 

Pottstown, Pa. 

Office: 

603 Harrison Building 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



58 



BARS, PLATES, SHAPES. 



(Historic official price changes). 



Merchant steel bars, base, Pittsburg: 

Open- 
Bessemer hearth. 

March i, 1902 1.60 1.70 

November 6, 1903 1.30 1.40 

March 14, 1904 1.35 1.40 

September 19, 1904 1.30 1.35 

December 20, 1904 1.40 1.40 

February 28, 1905 1.50 1.50 

November 15, 1906 1.60 i.oo 

June I, 1908 1.40 1.40 

February 19, 1909 Open market. 



Steel tank plates, Pittsburg: 

April 4, 1901 1.60 

September 6, 1904 1.40 

December 20, 1904 1.50 

February 16, 1905 1.60 

November 26, 1906 1.70 

June 9, 1908 1.60 

February 19, 1909 Open market. 



Beams and channels, 3-inch to is-inch, 
Pittsburg: 

April I, 1901 1.60 

September 6, 1904 1.40 

December 19, 1904 1.50 

February 16, 1905 1.60 

August 31, 190S 1.70 

June 9, 1908 : 1.60 

February 19, 1909 Open market. 

S9 



OPEN HEARTH and BESSEMER 

Steel Products 



Ingots, Billets, Blooms and Slabs. 

Standard Heavy and Light Rails. 

Contact Rails. 

Angle and Splice Bars. 

Abbott Rail Joint Plates 
and Tie Plates. 

Standard Structural Shapes. 

Sheared and Universal Mill Plates. 

Sheet Bars. 

Merchant Bars in Rounds, Squares, Flats, 
Ovals, Hexagons. 

Concrete Reinforcing Bars. 

Plow Beam Billets and Agricultural 

Shapes. 

LACKAWANNA STEEL SHEET 
PILING: 

Arched-Web, Straight Web, 
Center-Flange and Protected l^pes. 



lACKAWANNA .STEELflimWIY 

Gen. Sales Office t Werks, Lackawanna, N. Y. 

New York St. Louis Buffalo 

Philadelphia Boston Cleveland 

Cincinnati Chicago Detroit 

Atlanta San Francisco 



60 



STRUCTURAL SHAPES. 




Beams 


and 


channels. 


3-inch 


to 15 


-inch. 


Pittsburgh; averaged from daily quotations: 




1909 1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


January . 


* • J 


.60 I 


.55 


1.40 


1.15 


1.50 


February 




.40 I 


.55 


1.40 


I. II 


1.45 


March . . 




.30 I 


.55 


1.40 


1. 12 


1.45 


April . . . 


i • J 


.25 I 


.51 


1.40 


1.20 


1.45 


May 


• • J 


.22 I 


.50 


1.40 


1.25 


^'45 


June 


• • J 


.28 I 


.45 


1.35 


1.26 


1.45 


July 


• • J 


.34 I 


42 


1.35 


1.30 


1.45 


August . 


k • J 


.40 I 


.40 


1.35 


1.37 


1.45 


September i 


.45 I. 


40 


1.33 


1.40 


1.40 


October . 


I 


.50 I. 


40 


1.23 


1.47 


1.39 


Novembe 


r I 


.53 I- 


40 


1. 14 


1.50 


1.34 


December 


. I 


.55 I. 


40 


1.13 


1.50 


1.24 


Year . . 
Quarter 


I 
ly a 


.40 I. 


46 


1.32 


1.30 
itions: 


1.42 


verages 


of quota 


1 


[St. 


2nd. 




3rd. 


4th. 


Year. 


1894... 


1.21 


1.20 




1.27 


1.25 


1.23 


1895... 


1.21 


1.25 




1.56 


1.58 


1.40 


1896... 


1.44 


M9 




1.55 


1.50 


1.49 


1897... 


1.55 


1.33 




.98 


1.09 


1.24 


1898... 


1.15 


1.15 




I.19 


1.20 


1.17 


1899... 


1.35 


I.OO 




2.12 


2.25 


1.83 


1900... 


2.25 


2.21 




1.68 


1.50 


1.91 


1901 . . . 


1.51 


1.60 




1.60 


1.60 


1.58 


1902.:. 


1,60 


1.60 




1.60 


1.60 


1.60 


1903... 


1,60 


1.60 




1.60 


1.60 


1.60 


1904... 


[.60 


1.60 




I.S5 


1.41 


I.S4 


1905... 


1.55 


1.60 




1.63 


1.70 


1.62 


1906... 


[.70 


1.70 




1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1907... ] 


[.70 


1.70 




1.70 


1.70 


1.70 


1908... ] 


[.70 


1.68 




1.60 


1.60 


1.64 


1909... ] 


1.43 


1.25 




1.40 


I.S3 


1.40 


1910... ] 


t.S5 


1.49 




1.41 


1.40 


1.46 


1911... ] 


.40 


1.38 




1.34 


1.17 


1.32 


1912... ] 


M3 


1.24 




1.36 


1.49 


1.30 


1913- •• 1 


:.47 


1.45 




1.43 


1.32 


1.4,2 



61 



NON-CORROSIVE 
RUST RESISTING 

ALLEGHENY IRON 

Sheets 
Plates 
Boiler Tubes 



Steel 



SHEETS 
PLATES 

BOILER TUBES 



Charcoal Iron Boiler Tubes, 
Special Heavy Stamping's 



Open Hearth Steel Castings 



Allegheny Steel Company 

PinSBURGH, PA. 
Works, Brackenridge, Pa. 



DISTRICT SALES OFRCES: 

90 West Street, New York 
Commercial Natl. Bank Bldg., Chicago 
iioo Third Natl. Bank Bldg., St. Louis 
602 Penna. Bldg., Philadelphia 



62 



STEEL PLATES. 

(Tank plate, Pittsburgh). 
Averaged from daily quotations: 
1909. 1910. 191 1. 



January . , 
February 
March . . . 

April 

May 

June I.2S 

July 

August . . . 
September. 
October . . 
November 
December. 



1.60 


1.55 


1.50 


1.55 


1.30 


1.55 


1.28 


1.54 


1.25 


1.50 


1. 25 


1.42 


1.33 


1.40 


1.40 


1.40 


1.45 


1.38 


1.50 


1.38 


1.54 


1.37 


1-55 


1.40 



Year ... 1.41 1.45 
Averaged quarterly from 



1892 

1893 
1894 

1895 
1896 

1897 



1st. 
1.92 
1.69 
1.23 
1. 12 

1.35 

l.IO 



1898 I.OO 



1899 

1900 
I90I , 
1902* 

1903 
1904 
1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

I9I0 

191 1 

1912 . 

I9I3 . 



1.49 

2.17 

1.42 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 

1.55 

1.60 
1.70 
1.70 

1.47 
1.55 

1.40 

1. 12 
1.47 



2nd. 
1.85 
1.58 
1.18 
1.21 

1.32 
1.06 
1.07 
2.16 
1.6s 
1.56 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.60 
1.70 
1.67 
1.26 

1.49 
1.38 
1.24 

1.45 



.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.40 
.35 
.34 
.30 
.28 

.19 
.11 

.13 



.31 

opei 

3rd. 

.80 

.54 
.21 

.73 

.19 

.00 

.11 

2.62 

.13 

.60 

.60 
.60 

.55 
.60 
.60 
.70 
.60 
.39 
.39 
.31 
.36 

•43 



I9I2. I9I3. 


1. 15 


1.50 


I. II 


1.45 


I. II 


1.45 


1.20 


1.45 


1. 25 


1.45 


1.26 


1.45 


1.30 


1.45 


1.37 


1.44 


1.40 


1.40 


1.47 


1.36 


♦1.50 


1.29 


♦1.50 


1.20 


1.30 


1 .41 


quotations: 


4th. Year. 


1.74 


1.83 


1.41 


1.56 


1.17 


1.20 


1.63 


1.42 


1. 12 


1.24 


1.04 


1.05 


1.13 


1.08 


2.54 


2.20 


1.27 


1.55 


1.60 


1.55 


1.60 


1.60 


1.60 


1.60 


1.42 


1.54 


1.60 


1.59 


1.64 


1.61 


1.70 


1.70 


1.60 


1.64 


1.53 


1.41 


1.38 


1.45 


1. 14 


1.31 


1.49* 


1.30 


1.28 


1 .41 



* Premiums for prompt deUv^t'^. 



A 



63 



REPUBLIC IRON 

- - - AND - - - 

STEEL CO, 

BESSEMER AND OPEN 
HEARTH STEEL 

Billets, Blooms, Sheet Bars, Merchant Bars, 

Shapes and Skelp 



WROUGHT F»IF»E 

Line Pipe, Drive Pipe, Tubing and Casing 

Standard 

Extra Strong and Double Extra Strong 
Black and Galvanized 

Nuts, Bolts, Spikes, Washers, Turn' 

buckles. Twisted Squares, Cold 

Drawn Shafting 

MERCHANT BAR IRON 

''Pioneer*' Southern Pig Iron 



Republic Bmlding, Youngstown, 0. 



Birmingham Boston Buffalo 

Cincinnati Chicago Cleveland 

New York Pittsburg St Louis 

San Francitco Detroit Dallas 

PhiUdelphia 



64 



STEEL BARS. 



(Base price, Pittsburgh). 
Averaged from daily quotations: 



1909. 

January ... 1.40 

February . . 1.33 

March 1.20 

April 1. 13 

May 1. 19 

June 1.20 

July I.2S 

August ... 1.33 

September . 1.37 

October .. 1.40 

November . 1.45 

December . 1.45 

Year 1.31 



1910. 

T.48 

1.45 
1. 45 
1.45 
1.45 
1.43 
1.45 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 



1911. 

T.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 

1.37 
1.25 
1.24 
1.20 
T.18 

1.13 
1.07 

1. 12 



1912. 

i.iS 
I. II 
1. 10 

1.15 
1.20 

1.21 
T.25 
1.30 
1.31 
1.39 
♦1.40 

♦1.40 



1913. 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 
1.40 

1.39 
1.30 

1.22 



1.43 1.26 1.25 1.38 



Averaged quarterly from 

1st. 2nd. 

1897 1.05 .98 

1898 95 .92 

1899 1. 12 1.85 

1900 2.25 1.87 

1901 1.34 1-45 

1902* 1-53 T.60 

1903 1.60 1.60 

1904 1.31 1-35 

1905 1.43 150 

1906 1.50 1.50 

1907 1.60 1.60 

1908 1.60 1.53 

1909 1.31 1. 17 

1910 1.46 1.44 

1911 1.40 1.34 

1912 1.12 1. 19 

1913 1.40 1.40 

* Premiums for prompt 



open quotations: 

3rd. 4th. Year. 

.92 .99 .99 

.95 .98 .95 

2.40 2.37 1.95 

1. 12 1. 18 1.61 

1.45 1.50 1.44 

1.60 1.60 1.58 

1.60 1.45 1.56 

1.34 1.31 1.33 

1.50 1.50 1.48 

1.50 1.55 1.51 

1.60 1.60 1.60 

1.40 1.40 1.48 

1.32 1.43 1.31 

1.42 1.40 1.43 

1. 21 I. II 1.26 

1.29 1.40* 1.25 

1.40 1.30 1.38 

delivery. 



65 



BAR IRON. 

Best refined bar iron from store, Phila- 
delphia; annual averages; taken from sales 
books prior to 1887; from luotations since. 
Compiled by American Iron and Steel Asso. 
elation through 1912; by Bureau of Statistics 
of American Iron and Steel Institute since. 



4.19 



3-73 
4.09 
3-33 
3-30 

3-17 
2.78 
2.72 



3-14 

6.50 
4-75 
4.38 



4-36 
3.87 
3-03 

2.72 



1879-. 



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B. Nicoll & Co. 



Pig Iron 

SemixFinished 
Steel 

Iron Ore 

Coal Coke 



OFFICES 

New York Chicago 

Pittsburgh Philadelphia 

Baltimore Cumberland, Md. 

Reading, Pa. Galveston, Texas 



68 



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SEWAREN, N. J. 



Buyers of 



TIN PUTE SCRAP 

ako Terne Plate Scrap 



Factories 

SEWAREN, N. J. 
STREATOR, ILL. 



70 




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71 



West Leechburg 
Steel Co. 



Cold Rolled Strip Steel 

For DifiFicult Drawing 
and Forming 

Fine Steel Hoops and Bands 

iPickled and Annealed for 
Special Purposes 

SPECIALTY: 

Hot and Cold Rolled Strip Steel made 
to required analyses for exacting 
purposes, and rolled from HAM- 
MERED Steel Billets to uniform 
gauge, finish and temper. 



GENERAL OFFICES: 

Farmers Bank Building 
PITTSBURGH, PA. 



72 



HOOPS, BANDS AND COTTON TIES. 

Hoops, base, monthly averages, Pitts- 
burgh. 

1910. 191 1. 1912. 1913. 

January 1.58 1.50 1.28 1.55 

February 1.60 1.50 1.25 1.60 

March 1.60 1.50 1.25 1.60 

April 1.58 1.48 1.25 1.60 

May 1.55 1.45 1.25 1.60 

June 1.55 1.42 1.27 1.60 

July 1.5s 1.40 1.36 1.55 

August 1.52 1.40 1.40 1.55 

September ... 1.50 1.37 1.50 1.60 

October 1.50 1.31 1.50 1.55 

November ... 1.50 1.25 1.50 1.45 

December 1.50 1.26 1.50 1.40 



Year 1.54 1.40 1.36 1.55 



Hoops and bands, yearly averages, Pitts- 
burgh : 



1902 

1903 

1904 

190S 
1906 

1907 
1908 
1909 
1910 
1911 
1912 

1913 



Hoops. 


Bands. 


1.90 


1.60 


1.84 


1.53 


1.48 


I-3I 


1.65 


1.48 


1.88 


1.50 


2.00 


1.60 


1.90 


1.50 


1.56 


1.30 


1.54 


1.42 


1.40 


1.28 


1.36 


I.2S 


1.5s 


1.38 



Cotton ties, season basis, cents per bundle, 
Pittsburgh: 

1901 *J2 1908 85 

1902 80 1909 70 

1903 85 1910 75 

1904 75 1911 75 

1905 85 1912 70 

1906 85 1913 80 

T907 95 



La Belle Iron Works 

Established in 1852. 
General Offices: 

SteubenviUe^ Ohio 



Products 

BLACK AND GALVANIZED 

STEAM, GAS AND WATER PIPE 

OIL AND GAS LINE PIPE 

CASING 
TUBING AND DRIVE PIPE 
OPEN HEARTH SHEETS— 
BLUE ANNEALED, BLACK AND 
GALVANIZED 
FORMED ROOFING- 
PAINTED AND GALVANIZED 
CUT NAILS TACK PLATE 

SHOVEL PLATE SKELP 

GROOVE-ROLLED PLATES 
UNIVERSAL PLATES 
SHEARED PLATES 
SPECIAL PLATES AND SHEETS 

FOR STAMPING, AUTOMO- 
BILE AND AGRICUL- 
TURAL PURPOSES 
SHEET BARS SLABS 

BILLETS PIG IRON 



SteabenviUe WheeKng 

Works: • 

Ohio West Virginia 



74 



MERCHANT STEEL PIPE. 

The list adopted January i, 1913; weights 
of full standard weight per foot, plain ends; 
list prices per foot, full standard weight, 
extra strong and double extra strong. 



Nominal 


Actual 


Weight LIST PRICES PER FOOT. 


Inside 


Outside 


per foot, 


Standard 


I Extra 


XX 


Diam. 


Diam. 


Pounds. 


Weight. 


Strong. 


Strong. 


H: 


.405 


.244 


$.05 J^ $.12 


• • ■ • 


%.. 


.540 


.424 


.06 


•o-jVi 


. . • • 


^.. 


.675 


.567 


.06 


.07^ 


4. . . 


J4.. 


.840 


.850 


.085^ 


.11 


$.32 


>4.. 


1.050 


1. 130 


.1154 


.15 


.35 


I.... 


1-315 


1.678 


.17 


.22 


.37 • 


I^.. 


1.660 


2.272 


-n 


.30 


.52^ 


I^.. 


1.900 


2.717 


^27V2 


.363^ 


.65 


. 2.... 


2.375 


3.652 


.37 


.50H 


.91 


2J4.. 


2.875 


5.793 


.58J^ 


11 


1.37 


3 • * * • 


3.500 


7.575 


^1^V2 


1.03 


1.86 


3^.. 


4.000 


9.109 


.92 


1.25 


2.30 


4.... 


4-500 


10.790 


1.09 


1.50 


2.76 


45^.. 


5.000 


12.538 


1.27 


1.80 


3.26 


5.... 


5.563 


14.617 


1.48 


2.08 


3.86 


6. . . • 


6.625 


18.974 


1.92 


2.86 


5.32 


7.... 


7.62s 


23.544 


2.38 


3.81 


6.35 


0. . . • 


8.625 


24.696 


2.50 


4.34 


1-2^ 


0. . • • 


8.62s 


28.554 


2.88 


• • • • 


• • • • 


9.. .. 


9.62s 


33.907 


3.45 


4.90 


• • • • 


10 


10.750 


31.201 


3.20 


5.48 


• • • • 


10.. .. 


10.750 


34.240 


3.50 


• • • • 


• • • • 


10 


10.750 


40.483 


4,12 


• • • • 


• • • • 


II.. .. 


11.750 


45.557 


4.63 


6.10 


• • • • 


12 


12.750 


43.773 


4.50 


6.55 


• • • • 


12. . .. 


12.750 


49.562 


5.07 


• • • • 


• • • • 


13 


14.000 


54.568 


5.60 


• • • • 


• • • • 


14.^.. 


15.000 


58.573 


6.10 


• • • • 


• • • • 


i5.^-- 


16.000 


62.579 


6.50 


■« • • « 


* % * * 



1% 



"NATIONAL" PIPE 

IS READILY IDENTIFIED 

(I To readily identify "NATIONAL" 
material and as protection to manufac- 
turer and consumer alike, the practice of 
National Tube Company is to roll in raised 
letters of good size on each few feet of 
every length of welded pipe the name 
"NATIONAL" (except on the smaller 
butt-weld sizes, on which this is not me- 
chanically feasible; on these smaller butt- 
weld sizes the name "NATIONAL" ap- 
pears on the metal lag attached to each 
bundle of pipe,} 

MARKING 



NATIONAL 



NumeRoUsd In R>Ued LetlEn. 

Tube Com(«ny Pipe. 

<][ When writing specifications or order- 
ing tubular goods, always specify 
"NATIONAL" pipe and identify as in- 
dicated. 

fll In addition, all sizes of "NATIONAL" 
welded pipe below four or five inches are 
subjected to a roll-knobbling process 
known as Spellerizing to lessen the ten- 
dency to corrosion, especially in the form 
of pitting. This Spellerizing process is 
peculiar lo "NATIONAL" pipe, to which 
process National Tube Company has ex- 
clusive rights. 

NATIONAL TUBE CO. ^^rril^'^tSi^,"' 

PITTSBURGH, PA. 



MERCHANT STEEL PIPE. 

Full standard weight steel pipe, Pittsburgh has- 
Ing discounts, the lowest discount on any size (most 
frequently % to 6-lnch) on "Jobbers' carloads"; 
where a fresh date appears with no change indi- 
cated, discounts on other sizes or descriptions car- 
ried on the card were changed. Dates of cards 
and Jobbers' card discounts indicated. 

Feb. 21, 1900 59 Feb. i, 1905 76 

May I, 1900 67 Mar. i, 1905 .... 75^ 

June I, 1900 67 Apr. 20, 1905. . . . 75 

July I, 1900 70 Oct. 2, 1905.... 79 

Aug. I, 1900 72 Nov. I, 1905 .... 79 

Sep. I, 1900 70 Jan. i, 1906 79 

Oct. I, 1900 70 Oct. 12, 1906.... 77 

Jan. I, 1901 70 Dec. 4, 1900.... 76 

Mar. 20, 1901 70 Dec. 20, 1906. ... 75 

Aug. I, 1901 70 Jan 24, 1907 74 

Oct. I, 1901 70 Feb. 4, 1907.. 74 

Mar. I, 1902 69 May 14, 1907 72 

Mar. 15, 1902 67 June 10, 1908 74 

Apr. 12, 1902 67 Feb. 19, 1909 79 

Apr. 17, 1902.... 67 Sep. I, 1909.. 79 

May 22, 1902. . . 67 Oct. i, 1909. ... 78 

July I, 1902 67 Jan. i, 1910 78 

Nov. 12, 1902 75 Oct. I, 1910 80 

Mar. 16, 1903 75 Oct. 2, 191 1 81 

Apr. I 1903 75 Dec. 1,1911 82 

June 18, 1903 .... 75 Dec. 15, 191 1 82 

Aug. 1,1903 75 June 1,1912 81 

Dec. 31, 1903 77 July i, 1912 81 

Feb. I, 1904 76 July 24, 1912 80 

Mar. I, 1904 75 Sep. 10, 1912.... 79 

June I, 1904.... 76 Jan. i, 1913 80 

July I, 1904.... 7854 Apr. 12, 1913 7914 

Sep. 3, 1904 79 May 27, 1913 79 

Oct. 19, 1904 78 Aug. 8, 1913 80 

Nov. 1,1904 77 Oct. 27, 1913 80 

Jan. 2, 1905 76y:. 

November 12, 1902, merchant weight pipe be- 
came one point lower price than full weight, a 
smaller concession having been previously given. 
January 1, 1913, the manufacture of merchant 
weight pipe practically ceased. March 16, 1908. 
cards began to show merchant weight only, with 
notation that card weight carried one point less 
discount. The January 1, 1913, card naturally 
showed full standard (card.> '^^\\&\v\.. 



77 



I 



Pittsburgh Steel Co. 

PITTSBURGH. PA. 

Manufacturers of 

"PITTSBURGH PERFECT" 

Brands of 

Pig Iron 
Blooms 
BiUets 
Wire Rods 
Bright Wire 
Decimal Wire 
Amiealed Wire 
Galvanized Wire 
Telephone and Telegraph Wire 
Liquor Finished Wire 
Barbed Wire (on Regpilar, Pony or 80) 

Rod Spools 
Galvanized Twisted Cable Fence Wire 

Galvanized Hard Spring Coil Wire 
Wire Fence Staples — Single Loop Hay 

Bale Ties 
Poultry Netting Staples 
Bright and Galvanized Standard 
Steel Wire Nails (Blued and Cement 
Coated Nails) 
Large Head Roofing Nails 
Steel Hoops Steel Bands Cotton Ties 

and 

"PITTSBURGH PERFECT" 

Electrically Welded 

WIRE FENCING 



We make all of the above material from 
Open Hearth Steel 



78 



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7^ 



i 



The Yoiingstown 
Iron and Steel 
=Company^= 



John O. Pew, Prea.-Gen'l Mgrr. 

Henry W. Heedy, 1st Vice Pres. 

C. A. Cochran, 2d Vice Pres.-Sec. 

Mason Evans, Treasurer 



Cf Red Steel plates, blue annealed 
steel sheets, black steel sheets, 
g"alvanized steel sheets, corru- 
g^ated steel sheets, expanded 
metal for concrete reinforce- 
ment, metal lath, both expand- 
ed, and sheet for plastering: 
purposes, galvanized metal cor- 
ner bead, pressed steel spec- 
ialties. 



Youngstown, 
Ohio 



3o 



\ 

WIRE NAIL CARDS. 



Apr. 13, Apr. 11, July 19, Dec.i, 

1886.* 1892. 1895 1896. 

60 Base Base .50 Base 

50 Base .10 .50 Base 

30-40 Base .25 .50 Base 

20 Base .35 .50 Base 

12-16 Base .45 .50 .05 

10 Base .50 .50 .05 

8-9 .35 .60 .60 .10 

6-7 .75 .75 .75 .20 

4-5 1. 10 .90 .90 .30 

3 2.25 1.20 1.20 .45 

2 4.00 1.60 1.60 .yj 

* First wire nail card; base price, $4.25. 



NAIL PRODUCTION. 



(Kegs, 100 pounds.) 

Cut nails. Wire nails. Total. 

1896 1,615,870 4,719,860 6,335,730 

1897 2,106,799 8,997,24s 11,104,044 

1898 1,572,221 7*418,475 8,990,696 

1899 1,904,340 7,618,130 9,522,470 

1900 1 ,573,494 7,233,979 8,807,473 

1901 1,542,240 9,803,822 11,346,062 

1902 1,633,762 10,982,246 12,616,008 

1903 1,435,893 9,631,661 11,067,554 

1904 1,283,362 11,926,661 13,210,023 

1905 1,357,549 10,854,892 12,212,441 

1906 ^ 1,189,239 1 1,486,647 12,675,886 

1907 1,109,138 11,731,044 12,840,182 

1908 956,182 10,662,972 11,619,154 

1909 1,207,597 13,916,053 15,123,650 

1910 1,005,233 12,704,902 13,710,135 

191 1 967,636 13,437,778 14,405,414 

1912. 978,415 14,659.700 15,638,115 

Maximum production cut nails, 

1886 8,160,973 kegs. 

Maximum production wire nails, 

1912 14,659,700 kegs. 



^1 



A 



The U. S. Government 

/^ Specifies ^\ 

Corrosion Resisting 



Sheets and Products 

Because 

ACTUAL SERVICE TESTS 

Have proven its 

EXTREME DURABILITY 

The **Text Book on Corrosion** 
Contains the Evidence. 

V^ Get a copy from 

^ The 

Stark Rolling MiU Co. 

Canton, Ohio 

SOLE PRODUCERS 




82 



SHAFTINQ. 

Cold rolled shafting, discount off list, 
carloads delivered in base t.rritory. 

1912. 1913. 

January dy 58! 

February 68 58 

March dy 58 

April (i'j 58 

May d'j 59 

June 65 60 

July di 61 

August 64 62 

September 62 (i2 

October 60 (i2 

November 60 63 

December 60 64 

Average 64! 6oi 

RIVETS. 

Pittsburgh, averaged from daily quota- 
tions. 

Button head Cone head 

structural. boiler. 

1912. 1913. 1912. 1913. 

January 1.45 2.20 1.55 2.30 

February 1.40 2.20 1.50 2.30 

March 1.40 2.10 1.50 2.20 

April 1.4s 2.10 1.5s 2.20 

May 1.50 2.10 1.60 2.20 

June I.S5 2.00 1.65 2.10 

July 1.60 2.00 1.70 2.10 

August 1.74 1.90 1.84 2.00 

September . . . 1.90 1.90 2.00 2.00 

October 1.97 1.85 2.07 1.9S 

November ... 2.06 1.78 2.16 1.88 

December 2.17 1.72 2.27 1.82 

Average . . 1.68 1.99 1.78 2.qq I 



STOKER FIRED FURNACES 
vs. Powdered Coal and Producer Gas 

By George J. Hagan, Manager of 
Geo. J. Hagan Co., Pittsburgh. 

Hand firing of coal is antedated and rec- 
ognized as the most expensive way. Un- 
til lately little progress has been made 
in reducing fuel costs and securing bet- 
ter heat treatment of steel in the furnace. 

Powdered coal is now used in some 
plants, but because of high cost, 60c per 
ton for preparing and handling, and up- 
keep, the process will not pay a proper 
return on the heavy investment, (see 
Proceedings, Engineers' Society of W. 
Pa., Vol. 29, No. 7, Oct.,^ 1913) 

Producer gas with regenerative fur- 
naces is excellent for high temperatures, 
but involves high first cost and consider- 
able loss in heat. Proper heat treatment 
is impossible on account of rapia cnange 
in temperature when reversing. 

There must be a steady flow of gases at 
uniform temperature, and with common 
slack coal and stokers the writer has se- 
cured most perfect results, but the proper 
stoker must be used — an Underfeed, with 
air distributed evenly over the entire grate 
area, not simply through the tuyeres. The 
air must be under control and must be fed 
according to the amount of coal. With 
furnace of proper design first cost, fuel 
cost, maintenance and operating costs are 
far below the showing of any other fuel 
feeding device now before the public. 

The writer has installed over 2,200 
stokers and over 800 gas producers and 
has had considerable experience with 
powdered coal as well as with aatural gas 
and oil. Having made a life study of fuels 
he insists that the stoker fired furnace is 
a far better investment than anything 
else he has ever encountered. 



84 



PLATE AND SHEET PRODUCTION. 



L 



1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 

Plates, 
8-heavier 375,ii7 508,343 458,136 597»549 



Sheets, 

9 — 19 80,099 112,537 113,826 107,891 

20—25... 73,968 91,449 89,760 96,930 

26-lighter I53»7i6 279,130 304,054 404,916 



Total 

sheets 307,783 483,116 507,640 609,737 



1898. 
Plates, No. 8 and heavier 638,861 

Sheets, Nos. 9 to 17 117,505 

Sheets, No. 18 and lighter 691,935 

Total sheets, No. 9 and lighter . . 809,440 









Total sheets 




Plates, 


Sheets, 


Black 


and black 




12 down. 


13 up. 


plates. 


plates. 


1905. 


2,041,206 


983,437 


507,587 


1,491,024 


1906. 


2,531,552 


1,074,525 


576,079 


1,650,604 


1907. 


2,660,060 


1,084,700 


504,072 


1,588,772 


1908. 


1,271,021 


864,901 


513,771 


1,378,672 


1909. 


2,379,098 


1,248,404 


606,482 


1,854,886 


I9I0. 


2,807,72'? 


1,435,619 


712,137 


2,147,756 


191 1. 


2,334,341 


1,358,110 


795,598 


2,153,708 


I9I2. 


3,035,200 


1,857,683 


982,197 


2,839,880 



Note — Gross tons throughout. No sep- 
arate statistics were collected prior to 1894, 
or between 1898 and 1905; above statistics 
1894-8 include black plates; total plate, 
sheet and black plate production and sep- 
arate black plate production shown else- 
where. 



&s 




West Penn Steel Co 

BRACKENRIDGE, PA. 

(Pittsbuith DIstriot) 



SPECIALISTS IN 

Sheet steel 

of Quality 



Auto Steel, Bow Socket 
Metal Furniture Stock 



SHEET STEEL 
For Light Tubing 

ELECTRICAL SHEETS 

For Armatures and 

Transformers 



86 



Black sheets, 
1896 


SHEETS. 

28 i^auge, 


Pittsburg: 

High. 
... 2.45 


Low. 
2.15 
1.95 
1.80 
2.00 
2.90 
8.00 
2.75 
2.35 
2.00 


1897 






... 2.15 


1898 






... 3.06 


1899 






. .. 3.35 


1900 






... 3.25 


1901 






AAA O.OD 


1902 






... 8.10 


1903 






... 2.70 


1904 






... 2.30 



1905 2.40 2.15 

1906 2.60 2.30 

1907 2.60 2.46 

1908 2.60 2.45 

1909 2.40 2.15 

1910 2.40 2.15 

1911 3.20 1.75 

1912 2.25 1.80 

1913 2.35 1.80 



OfQcial price changes, with dates; prin- 
cipal periods of open price competition in- 
dicated; flat sheets per pound, corrugated 
per square. 28 gauge; all f.o.b. mill, Pitts- 
burg: 

Flat Sheets. Corrugated. 
Black. Galv. P'nt'd. Galv. 

Dec. 8, 1904 2.20 8.35 1.60 2.75 

Dec. 22, 1904 2.30 ... 1.65 2.85 

Feb. 9, 1905 3.45 ... 2.95 

Mar. 16, 1905 2.40 ... 1.75 

Competition; low.. 2.15 3.20 1.55 2.80 

Nov. 20, 1905 2.30 3.35 1.65 2.95 

Jan. 8, 1906 2.40 3.45 ... 3.00 

June 5. 1906 2.50 3.55 1.75 3.10 

Oct. 25, 1906.... 2.60 3.65 1.85 8.15 

Jan. 24. 1907 3.75 ... 3.25 

Jan. 6, 1908 2.50 3.55 1.76 3.10 

Feb. 24, 1909.... 2.20 3.25 1.65 2.90 
Competition; low.. 2.15 3.16 1.50 2.70 

Sept. 28, 1909 2.30 3.35 1.60 2.85 

Nov. 12, 1909 2.40 3:50 1«TQ ^A<ii 



B.7 



The Parkersburg Iron 
and Steel Go. 

PARKERSBURG, W.VA. 

Manufacturers of 

Parkersburg Smooth Galvanized 

Parkersburg Blue 
Sheets 



Budke Manufacturing Co, 

PARKERSBURG, W. VA. 

Manufacturers of 

Acme Stove Pipe 

Stove Pipe Elbows 

Acme Dripping Pans 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE 
YOUR INQUIRIES SOLICITED 



88 



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Qt^^^lity—^K^/^fj^^f' —Service 



fITTSBURGH 



^ Bost Bloom ^^ 

Galvanized Sheets 



*A Product without a peer 



»ff 



WE ALSO MANUFACTURE 

Black Sheets of Every Description 

Copper Bearing Roofing Tin 

Cfopper Bearing Sheets 

Polished Steel Sheets 

Bright Tin Plates 

Special Sheets 

Planished Iron Sheets 

Formed Roofing Products, Etc. 

Write us for full information and quotations on 
Sheet and Tin Mill Products of every description 



American Sheet and Tin Plate 

Company 

9m1 Offleet: Friok BMg., PKtsburgh, Pa. 

District Sales Oppicbs 



Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver, Detroit, New Orleans. 
New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, St. Louis 

Export Bepresentatives: U. S. Steel Produots Oompany, 

New York City 

Pac. Ooast Bepresentatives: U. 8. Steel Products Oompany, 
San Francisco, Los Anseles, Portland, Seattle 



90 



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91^ 



Carnahan 

Tin Plate & Sheet 
Company 



CANTON, OHIO 



Tin and 
Teme Plates 



Camahaii Genoine Giarcoal IronTernes 
Polished and Blaed Sheets 

(Uniform Color, High Finish) 

Special 
Automobile Sheets 



Deep Drawing & Stamping Steel 

Made From 

Special Analysis Open-Hearth Steel. 



92 



TIN PLATE PRODUCTION. 



Col. Ayer's reports through 1896; Ameri- 
can Iron and Steel Association reports for 
subsequent years; Col. Ayer's reports cov- 
ered black plate for all purposes; Associa- 
tion reports designate "Black plate for tin- 
ning". 

Tin and 

Terne Plate. Black Plate. 

1891 999 3,919 

1892 18,803 18,071 

1893 55,182 31,997 

1894 74,260 56,159 

1895 I IZ^^^ 124,252 

1896 160,362 163,924 

1897 256,598 271,886 

1898 326,915 345,254 

1899 360,875 375.000 

1900 302,665 315,000 

1901 399,291 398,026 

1902 360,000 365,743 

1903 480,000 490,652 

1904 458,000 472,569 

1905 493,500 507,587 

1906 577,562 576,079 

1907 514,77s 504,072 

1908 537,087 513,771 

1909 61 1,959 606^482 

1910 722,770 712,137 

1911 783,960 795,598 

1912 ....J 962,971 982,197 

1913 900,000* 900,000* 

* Estimated. 



% 



PHILLIPS 

SHEET & TIN PLATE CO. 

WEIRTON, W. VA. 



ONE TWENTY MILL PLANT - WEIRTON 

ONE TWELVE MILL PLANT - CLARKSBURQ 
ONE TWELVE MiU PLANT - STEUBENVILLE 

THREE SEPARATE PLANTS 

FORTY FOUR MILLS 



^^''^oti^PUT Four Million 
BOXES TIN PLATES 



Roofing Plates- All Grades 

§2!!!S7 Laqaered Plates ?*12P 

Coke "CLEAJT&BRIGHT'' Plates 

ABOVE MEANS BEST SERVICE TO BE 
HAD. YOUR ACCOUNT SOLICITED 



SALES OFFICES 

50 Church Street, New York 
Bets Buildinsr. Philadelphia 

Security Buildingr. St. Louis 
Fiske Buildinsr* Boston 

Ogden Buildingr, Chicago 
Balfour, Guthrie & Co. 
Seattle, Portland. Vancouvet^ San Francisco 

Los Angeles 



94 



TIN PLA' 

Chanflres In prio 


PE PRICE 


CHAN 

x20 prim 


GES. 


ee per box 14 


e Bessemer, 


100 lb., f.o.b. mill. PitUburffh 


dietrlct. 


with prices 


of pig tin. New 


York and sheet bare. 


Pittsburgh. 


same date. 










Tin Plates. 


Tin. Sheet Bars. 


Jan. 6, 1899 .. 


. . . 3.00 


20.75 


17.50 


Jan. 26, 1899.. 


. . 3.25 


24.50 


18.50 


Feb. 17, 1899.. 


. . 3.50 


23.75 


22.00 


Mar. 8, 1899.. 


... 3.87i 


23.70 


25.00 


July 14, 1899.. 


. . 4.37i 


29.12i 


33.50 


Aug. 6, 1899.. 


. . 4.65 


31.25 


36.00 


Sept. 24, 1900. 


.. 4.00 


28.62i 


22.00 


Nov. 3, 1902.. 


. . 3.60* 


26.75 


31.75 


Mar. 3, 1903.. 


. . . 3.80* 


30.80 


31.50 


Nov. 16, 1903. 


. . . 3.60* 


25.40 


24.00 


Jan. 25, 1904.. 


. . 3.45* 


28.20 


24.00 


July 25, 1904.. 


(a) 3.30* 


27.10 


24.00 


Nov. 15, 1904. 


. . . 3-45* 


29.15 


22.50 


Dec. 22, 1904. 


. . . 3.55* 


29.25 


23.00 


Oct. 3, 1905.. 


. . . 3.35* 


32.60 


26.00 


Oct. 20, 1905.. 


> . 3.45* 


32.60 


26.00 


Nov. 20, 1905. 


. . . 3.40* 


33.55 


26.00 


Jan. 8, 1906 . . . 


. . . 3.50* 


36.25 


26.00 


April 10, 1906. 


. . . 3.60* 


38.75 


28.00 


May 19, 1906. 


. . . 3.75* 


44.75 


28.00 


Oct. 25, 1906.. 


. . . 3.90* 


43.25 


30.00 


Jan. 6, 1908.. . 


. . . 370* 


27.35 


29.00 


Mar. 10, 1909. 


. . . 3.40 


28.70 


25.00 


Sept. 28, 1909. 


. . . 3.50 


30.85 


27.50 


Nov. 12, 1909. 


. . . 3.60 


30.50 


28.50 


Feb. 3, 191 1.. 


. . . 3.70 


ti.40 


24.00 


Aug. 12, 191 1. 


. . 3.60 


43.00 


22.00 


Oct. 16, 191 1., 


. . 3.40 


41.70 


20.00 


July 9, 1912.., 


. . 350 


44.40 


22.00(b) 


Sept. 4, 1912.. 


. . . 3.60 


47.20 


23.7s (b) 


Oct. 2, 1913.. 


. . . 350 


41.20 


25.00 


Nov. 3, 1913-. 


. . . 3.40 


39.90 


21.50 


• Subject to 5 


-cent rebate. 






(a) Cash discot 


mt chansred from 1 to 


2 per cent 


(b) Premium f 


or open -hearth. 





1 



9S 



WASHINGTON TIN 
PUTE COMPANY 



Manufacturers of 



Coke 
Tin 

Plates 



Annual Capacity 
500,000 BASE BOXES 



Main Office and Works 

WASHINGTON, PA. 



9« 



TIN PLATE PRICES. 

Average yearly price of J. B. grade coke 
tin plates, 14x20 I. C, 108 pounds delivered 
at New York: 

1880 $6.75 

1881 MS 

1882 530 

1883 5.10 

1884 4.70 

188s 440 

1886 4.30 

1887 4.60 

1888 4.55 

1889 4.55 

Imported Bessemer cokes 14x20, 108 lbs. 

1890 4.80 

1891 5.34 

1892 530 

1893 S.37 

1894 4.89 

1895 3.87 

American Bessemer cokes, 14x20, 108 lbs. 

1896 3.63 

1897 3.26 

1898 2.99 

1899 4.41 

1900 4.82 

1901 4.3s 

1902 4.28 

1903 4.09 

1904 3.76 

1905 3.8s 

1906 4-04 

1907 4.25 

1908 4.05 

1909 3.83 

1910 3.93 

1911 3.98 

1912 378 

1913 ' ^^ \ 

9J 



A SITUATION AND ITS 
ANSWER. 

Sj4 Million Boxes Tin Plate 
22 Million Boxes Tin Plate 

When the McKinley Protective Tariff be- 
came effective on TIN PLATE, in 1891, there 
was no domestic production, and the imports 
had been avera^ngr 7,000,000 boxes a year, of 
which 1,500,000 boxes were re-exported leav- 
ing 5,500,000 boxes for the domestic demand 
In 1912 the American mills made 22,000,000 
boxes, FOUR TIMES the domestic demand 
21 years earlier. 

To supply the rapidly growing consumption 
NEW MILLS had to be built constantly. 



We have the latest of the New Mills and 
are booking orders for 

COKE TIN PLATE 

TIN MILL SIZES BLACK SHEETS 

Common Finish 

Pickled and Annealed 

Pickled, Gold Boiled and Annealed 



WheeHng Sheet and 

Tin Plate Company 

YORKVILLE, OHIO 



98 



TIN PLATE. 



FlBcal 
Year. 



Imports. 
Pounds. 



1889. 735,779,988 

1890. 680,060,925 

1891. 1,036,489,074 



1892. 

1893. 
1894. 

1895. 
1896. 

1897. 
1898. 
1899. 
1900. 
190I. 
1902. 

1903. 
1904. 

1905. 
1906. 

1907. 
1908. 
1909. 
19IO. 
19II. 
1912. 

1913. 



422,176,202 
628,425,902 
454,160,826 
508,038,938 
385,138,983 
230,073,683 
171,662,345 
108,484,826 

147,963,804 
117,880,312 
198,996,086 

109,913,293 
126,909,360 

161,066,820 

120,819,732 

142,529,406 

140,739,972 

117,312,174 

154,566,599 
95,319,730 

6,613,253 
28,344,243 



Drawback. Difference. 

Pounds. Pounds. 

166,087,740 569,692,248 

150,1 12,007 529,948,918 

149,599,649 886,889,425 

1 19,928,083 302,248, 119 

128,863,227 499,562,675 

161,758,361 292,402,465 

126,777,800 381,261,138 

137,659,779 247,479,204 



139,246,130 
137,897,570 
122,906,682 
125,269,156 
127,261,883 

1^5,340,511 
123,088,272 

111,658,352 
151,677,870 

120,455,345 
102,712,630 
158,911,418 

116,829,347 
141,732,141 

122,812,589 

32,227,748 



90,827,553 
33*764.775 
14,421,856* 

22,694,648 

9,381,571* 
73,655,575 
13,174,979* 
15,251,008 

9,388,950 
364,387 
39,816,776 
18,171446* 
482,827 
12,834,458 
27,492,859* 

25,614,495* 



* Excess of drawback over imports. Drawback Is 
frequently allowed long after the original impor- 
tation. 



Calendar years; gross tons. 



Imports. 
1897.. 83,851 

1898.. 66,775 

1899.. 58,915 
1900.. 60,386 

1901.. 77,395 
1902.. 60,115 
47,360 



Exports. Imports. 

2* 1906.. 56,983 

46 1907.. 57,773 

133 1908.. 58,490 

273 1909.. 62,593 

439 1 9 10.. 66,640 

1,566 19II.. 14,099 

292 1912.. 2,052 8i,6q4 

1913.. i6,ooot 6i,o6ot 



Exports. 
12,082 

10,203 
11,878 

9,327 

12,445 
61,381 



1903. .. „ 

1904.. 70,652 7,898 

1905 . . 65,740 7,941 

• Figures not compiled by government prior to De- 
cember 1, 1897. ^» w » 
fWith November and D*c«in\i«t «%\.vca».\»^ 



\ 



^ 



American Can Company 

TIN CANS 
and BOXES 

Of An Kinds 
PLAIN OR DECORATED 

GALVANIZED WARE 

RETINNED WARE 
SHEET METAL SPECIALTIES 
DECORATED AND EMBOSSED SHEETS 

General Office: 447 W. 14th St. 

NEW YORK 



District Offices: 
NEW YORK CHICAGO 

SAN FRANCISCO 
PORTLAND, ORE. MONTREAL 



Local Sales Offices: 
Philadelphia Richmond New Orleans 
Toledo Atlanta Kansas City 

Baltimore Cleveland Los Angeles 
Buffalo Boston St Paul 

Detroit Cincinnati Milwaukee 

Pittsburgh Indianapolis Dallas 
Hamilton, Ont. St. Louis 

Vancouver, B. C. Winnipeg, Manitoba 



100 



FLUCTUATIONS IN CAN PRICES. 



Schedule of changes in can prices of the 
American Can Company is given below: 

Published date. I's. 
March 28, 1901. 



lOS. 



April II 1901.. 
April 25, 1901.. 
May I, 1901..,, 
June I, 1901 . . . 
July I, 1901 . . , 
August I, 1901. 
November 1,1901 $12.50 
December i, 1901 11.00 
Marches, 1903.... 11.50 
January 5, 1904.. 11.00 
October T^j^ 1904. 10.00 
November 16, 1905 9.50 
November 30, 1905 9.50 
December 7, 1905 9.50 

March i, 1906 9.50 

January 2, 1907.. 10.50 
February 28, 1907 10.30 

July 4, 1907 10.30 

January 8, 1908.. 9.75 

June I, 1908 10.20 

February 2, 1909. 10.00 
March 10, 1909... 9.50 

April 9, 1909 9.50 

December 8, 1909.. 8.75 
December 2^^ 1910 9.25 
December 7, 191 1. 9.00 

♦January 6, 1913.. 9-5^ 

♦January 5, 1914.. 9.25 

♦ Season's prices. 



2s. 3 s, 

$18.00 24.00 

18.00 24.00 $55.00 

18.50 24.50 60.00 

19.00 25.00 60.00 

19.50 26.00 60.00 

20.00 27.00 60.00 

22.50 30.00 67.00 

7.50 22.50 55.00 

5.00 20.00 45.00 

6.00 21.50 47.50 

4.50 19-50 45-00 

3.00 17.00 42.50 

2.50 17.00 42.50 

2.50 16.50 40.00 

2.00 16.00 40.00 

2.50 16.50 40.00 

3.50 17.70 43.00 

3.90 18.40 44.50 

4.25 19.00 46.00 

3.25 17.75 42.00 

4.00 18.40 45.00 

3.75 18.25 44.00 

3.00 17.00 41.75 

2.00 16.00 40.00 

1.50 15.50 40.00 

2.50 16.75 42.00 

2.00 16.25 42.00 

2.75 
2.25 



17.25 44.00 
17.00 43.50 



_\ 



io\ 



McKeespott 
Tin Plate Company 

MAIN OFHCE AND WORKS 

McKEESPORT, PA. 



COKE TIN PLATE 
BLAa PLATE 



Twenty-Two 
Tin MiOs 



SHIPPING ADDRESS 



MdlBSraRr, PL p. S L L R. R. 



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File This Page for Reference, Please 

Pic Iron— Ceke 

Washod Matal ■iAvininiM civa* 

for recarburizing Crucible "■■*""""■ ««•» 

and Acid Open Hearth Of ShMfft 

Steel. 

Send for complete inform- Gauge 

ation. 12... 36 X 96 

Blaok and Qalvanlzod Shoots 13... 40 x 96 

of Bessemer or Open j, An^i^n 

Hearth Steel and "Old- ^'^"' 40xi20 

Fashion Iron" — genuine I5"« 40x120 

puddlediron— Send for the 16. . . 40 x 144 

story of an "Old-Fashion tQ ao x iaa 

Iron" Sheet-illustrated. _"* j" ,!T 

Unifom Blue Shoots 20 ... 40 x 144 

Oomigitod ShootsA Rooflnc ""^ '^''''^^ 

Roll Roofing,V.Crimp roof- 24.. 40x144 
ing, Pressed Standing 26... 40x144 
Seam Roofing, etc. 27 . . .^40 x 144 

CwivMted SMinC ,,28... 40x120 

Bnck, Rnck-faced, Beaded ^^ ^^ ,^^ 
and Weatherboard Siding. ^^"' 40xi20 

Motal Shlntf OS 30. . 4ox 96 

Send for fully descriptive 30. . . 32 x 120 
.. L^J^-^^H. ^ 28... 36x144 

Motal Colllniis „ tsicill 

Large, complete catalogue ^'" o^**^ 
showing many designs. 
Interesting proposition to 
jobbers. 

Metal Lath send for new 168 

Eaves Trough and Conductor p*;^ Brier Hm 
Pipe, Steel Sheets ^^^^^ ^""'^- 

for Agricultural Implements. 
Send for catalogue. 

THE BRIER HILL STEEL CO. 

YOUNGSTOWN. OHIO 

New York Office, 286 Fifth Avenue 
Chicago Office and Warehouse, 5604-6-8 S. Morgan St. 



104 



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105 



CAMBRIA 
STEEL PRODUCTS 



CAMBRIA 
STEEL COMPANY 

Johnstown, Pa. 



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PITTSBURG 



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^1^ 



FraDk Samuel S. M. Tomlinson S. A. Cochran 

Frank Samuel 

HARRISON BUILDINQ 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., U. S. A. 



Importer - Exporter 

IRON, STEEL 
ORES, ALLOYS 

PIG IRON, For all purposes guaranteed to 
analysis. 

Spiegeleisen, Ferro-Manganese, Ferro- 
Silicon, Silico-Spiegel 

ORES, Manganese, Chrome and Iron 

SPECIAL LOW PHOSPHORUS MELTING 
BARS for crucible steel — guaranteed 
phosphorus and sulphur. 



COAL AND COKE 



SCRAP IRON, of all classes, for Rolling Mills 

STEEL SCRAP, ordinary and guaranteed, 

for melting purposes. 



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SCRAP, CHICAGO. 




Iron and steel 


scrap, delivered Chicago. 




Heavy No, i R.R. 


Old 


Heavy 




cast. 


wrought. 


rails.* 


melting. 




Net 


Net. 


Gross. 


Gross 


1893., 


10.00 


9.25 


16.25 




1894., 


7.50 


6.85 


10.83 




1895.. 


8.37 


7.67 


14.12 




1896.. 


8.48 


7.00 


13.50 




1897., 


7.25 


6.44 


11.67 




1898.. 


8.15 


6.62 


12.37 




1899., 


12.40 


10.15 


21.0 




1900., 


11,00 


8.00 


17.90 


12.80 


1901 . . 


11.25 


10.80 


19.50 


12.90 


1902.. 


15.03 


13.81 


23.91 


17.37 


1903.. 


14.74 


16.07 


20.29 


15.50 


1904.. 


10.95 


12.45 


16.56 


10.72 


1905.. 


13.49 


16.14 


20.18 


13.96 


1906.. 


14.55 


15.62 


23.04 


14.74 


1907.. 


17.26 


14.63 


22.47 


15.08 


1908.. 


12.69 


12.45 


16.60 


12.45 


1909.. 


13.79 


13.76 


18.31 


14.63 


1910.. 


13.46 


13.00 


17.85 


13.78 


1911.. 


11.00 


11.25 


14.70* 


II.2I 


1912.. 


12.31 


12.50 


14.18* 


12.30 


1913.. 


II.4I 


10.90 


13.32* 


II.2I 


* Old iron rails through 1911; 


steel rerollers there- | 


after 






oiling rail 


s, gross. 


No.i cast, 


Net. Rer 




1912. 


1913. 


1912. 


I9I3. 


Jan. 


... II. 15 


1300 


13.00 


16.25 


Feb. 


.. 11.25 


12.85 


12.90 


15.50 


Mar. 


... 11.50 


12.75 


12.75 


15.00 


April 


. . 12.50 


12.65 


12.80 


14.50 


May 


. .. 12.15 


11.75 


13.40 


13.90 


June 


. . . 1 1 .90 


11.00 


13.50 


12.65 


July 


... II.7S 


10.60 


13.50 


12.15 


Aug. 


. .. 11.90 


10.60 


14.00 


12.25 


Sept. 


... 12.50 


11.00 


15.00 


12.15 


Oct. 


. .. 14.25 


10.50 


16.25 


12.10 


Nov. 


. .. 13.65 


10.25 


16.50 


11.90 


Dec. ... 13.25 

Year . 12.31 
L 


10.00 


16.50 
14.18 


11.50 
13.32 


11.41 



116 



U. S. STEEL CORPORATION. 

Total BtMl ProduoU Avancs 

1903 ... $133,308,764 $8,033,556 $16.59 

1903 .... 109,171,152 7^158.879 14.64 

1904 -•■• 73.176,522 6,792,780 10.77 

1905 119,787,658 9,226,386 12.98 

1906 .... 156,624,273 10,578,433 14.81 

1907 .... 160,964,674 10,376,742 15.SI 
I90S .... 91,847,711 6,206,93a 14.80 

1909 .... I3I,49MI4 9.859,660 13.34 

1910 141.054,755 10,733,995 13.14 

1911 104J05466 9,476,248 11.01 

1912 108,174,673 12,506,619 8.65 

1913 ... •140,000,000 *ia,5oo,ooo *ii.20 
• Estimated. 

UNFILLED ORDERS. 

At end of quarter; 

First. Second. Third. Fourth. 
1903 ■■ S.410,719 4.666,578 3.278,742 3.215,123 
1904.. 4,136,961 3.192,277 3.037436 4,696,203 
1905.. 5.579.560 4.829.655 5.865,377 7,605.086 
1906.. 7,018,712 6,809,584 7.936.884 8489,718 
1907.. 8,043,858 7.603,878 6,425,008 4,042.553 
1908.. 3,765,343 3.313,876 3,421.977 3.603,527 
1909- • 3.542.590 4,057,939 4.70.833 ■5.927.031 
1910.. 5.402,514 4.257,794 3.158,106 3,674,757 

At end of month: 

1911. 1912, 1913. 

January .. 3.110.919 5.379,721 7.827,368 
February . 3.400,543 5.4S4.200 7.656,714 
March ... 3.447.301 5.304.841 7.468,956 

April 3,218.704 5.664.885 6,978.762 

May 3.113,187 5.750.983 6,324,323 

June 3,361.058 5.807.346 5,807,317 

July 3.695.985 S.9S7.079 5.399.356 

August .. 3,584,08s 6.163.37s S.233468 
September 3.011J17 6,551,507 5.003,785 
October .. 3.694.328 7.S94.381 4.513.767 
November. 4.I4I,955 7.852.883 4.396,347 
December . S.084.761 7.932,164 4.282,108 

The more important turning poJntB above 
ire indicated by bold face tyye. 



L 



U. S. STEEL CORPORATION. 

Changes in unfilled tonnage in 1913, as 

compared with 1912, with shipments and 

bookings estimated in percentage -)f capa- 
city. 

Ship- Book- Dif- Dif- 

ments. ings. ference. ference. 

1913— % % % Tons. 

Jan 98 89 — 9 —104,796 

Feb 98 82 —16 —170,654 

Mar 93 'j'j —16 —187,758 

April .... 93 51 —42 —490,194 

May .... 95 4i —54 —654,440 

June 93 47 —46 —-517,005 

July 90 55 —35 —407,961 

Aug 90 75 —IS —175,888 

Sept 92 74 —18 —219,683 

Oct 87 47 —40 —490.018 

Nov 70 59 —II —117,420 

Dec 50 40 — 10 —114,239 

Average . 87 61 —26 —304,171 

1912 — 

Jan 70 95 +^ +294,960 

Feb 78 85 +7 + 74479 

Mar 85 68 —17 — i49,3S9 

April 92 124 +32 +360,044 

May 93 loi +8 + 86,098 

June 94 99 +5 + 56,363 

July 82 95 +13 +i49»733 

Aug. 92 1 10 +18 +206,296 

Sept .... 98 13s +27 +388,132 

Oct 98 187 +89 +1,042,874 

Nov. 96 120 +24 +258,512 

Dec 97 104 +7 + 79,28i 

Average . 90 "O +20 +237,284 



iiB 



U. S. STEEL CORPORATION. 

Monthly and quarterly earnings: 

191 1. 1912. 1913. 

January. 5,869,416 5,243,406 11,342,533 
February 7,180,928 5,427,320 10,830,051 
March .. 10,468,859 7,156,247 12,254,217 

Quarter 23,519,203 17,826,973 34,426,8oi 

April ... 9,412,573 7,509,207 13,072,710 

May 9,590,444 ,8,846,821 14,554,566 

June .... 9,105,503 8,746,237 13,592,537 

Quarter 28,108,520 25,102,266 41,219,813 

July 8,750,467 9,322,142 12,936,658 

August .. 10,710,145 10,583,377 12,657,430 

September 10,062,113 10,157,993 12,856,312 

Quarter 29,522,725 30,063,512 38,450,400 

October.. 9,159,339 12,485,412 *i 1,000,000 

November 6,946,717 11,120,749 *9,ooo,ooo 

December 7,048,962 11,575,761 *6,ooo,ooo 

Quarter 23,155,018 35,181,922 *26,ooo,ooo 
Year.. 104,305,466 108,174,673 *i40,ooo,ooo 

* Estimated. 

STOCK PRICES. 

Preferred — — Common — 

Low. High. Low. High. 

1901 69 loii 24 55 

1902 79 97I 29I 46! 

1903 49S 89I 10 39i 

1904 5ii 95i 81 33i 

1905 91 107 24! 39i 

1906 98I ii3i 32! 5C^ 

1907 79i 107I 2ii 50I 

1908 87i ii4i 25I 58I 

1909 107 131 4ii 942 

1910 iioJ 125! 6ii 9ii 

191 1 103 I2ii 50 82i 

1912 I07i 117 58! 80I 

1913 I02i not 4,<^^ €i5^ V 

119 



"FoUansbee" 

THE STANDARD OF QUALITY 

whether in 

°7i^t Tinplate 



or 



Sheet Steel 



Our Manufacture IncludM 

ELECTRIC SHEETS 

(Gel Our BluePrinto and Datn) 

POLLANSBEB POLISHED 

AND 

POLLANSBEE BLUE 

Uoifonn Color. Highly Finkhed Sbeeli. 
ALSO 

Automobile Sheets 



Deep Stamping, Drawing and Spin- 
ning Qualities a Specialty 

FoUansbee Brothers Co. 

PITTSBURGH 

ONLY AMERICAN MAKERS 

HAMMERED PAAVfllll TfM BEST FOR 
OPEN HEARTH liUUfUlll ilN WEAR 



I20 



□ and ptica with 

""'bad. "-^^ 




PROFESSIONAL ADVia 

regarding WHEN to Accumulate and 
Liquidate Metals and Investments. 

Our Board of Control Passes 
on all Inquiries from Clienb 

Are you sure you know where the 

arrow should now point on 

this compass? 




Brookmire's Forecaster, 



a wreekly market letter, gives you our 

interpretation of conditions in the 

Commodity and Investment Markets. 

Ttie Trend o( price* may be 

accurately judged from the 

BAROMETER CHART. 

K)R SPECIMEN COPIES GRATIS WRITE 

The Brookmire Economic Service 



60 Broulwa.j, New York. Security Bidg., St Louis 





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Fourt 
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Tot 



123 



THE 

Reeves 

MANUFACTURING 
COMPANY 

CANAL DOVER, OHIO 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Black and Galvanized 

Sheets 



Roofing and Siding 



METAX. SHINGLES, CONDUCTOR 
PIPE, EAVES TROUGH, STOVE 
PIPE AND ELBOWS 



Charcoal Iron Blooms 
Sheet Bars and Skelp 



124 



IRON AND STEEL DUTIES. 



Man sane le 
PlB Iron 



Farro-chromo. pho«pliorm, Ulinlor 
Muck bar 



SpllcB bsra 






BLoTOlei iB par et 

Ount. au»1e loading sbot ID par nt 

Otber (una IS peret 

HlKellaiiMiiii Free, — Coal knc] coke, asiicultsi 
ImDlemBnta, wire tcDoa. ea«li rejl«t«r«, typewrile 

ctilnery. road Tna^^hlnary. 



125 



EsUbHshed 1812. 



Bruce & Cook 

186-188-190 WATER STREET 
248-250 PEARL STREET 

NEW YORK 



Pig Tin 

Pig Lead 

Ingot Copper 

Spelter Antimony 

Aluminum 

Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Solder, 

Babbitt Metals, Sheet Copper 

Sheet Brass 



126 



METAL DUTIES. 

A partial list of metal duties according to the 
Customs Tariff Act of 1918: 

AliUMINUM. 

Aluminum alloys, crude and scrap . . 2c per lb. 

Plates, sheets, bars and rods S^operlb. 

Articles or wares 20 per cent 

ANTIMONY. 

Ore Free 

Matte, containing not more than 

10 per cent lead 10 per cent 

Metal and regulus 10 per cent 

Antimonial type metal 26 per cent 

BISIIIUTH. 

Bismuth Free 

COPPER. 

Ores, matte, bars, ingots, pigs, reg- 

ulus, plates, scrap and composition 

with copper chief value Free 

Bottoms, braziers, sheets, pipes, 

sheathing or yellow metal and rods 5 per cent 

Nails 20 per cent 

Plain wire 16 per cent 

LEAD. 

Ores, on lead contained ....» %cperlb. 

In bars, pigs, granules, bullion, alloys 

in pigs, dross, hard metal, old 

tea lead, old scrap lead and old 

refuse, on lead therein 26 per cent 

Pipe, sheets, shot and wire, on lead 

therein 26 par cent 

White, dry or In pulp or ground or 

mixed with oil, or red 26 per cent 

NICKEI^ 

In ore, matte or other crude form . . Free 
Alloys, pigs, plates, ingots, bars, 

oxide 10 per cent 

Sheets and strips 20 per cent 

SPELTER. 

Slabs, blocks or pigs and old, fit only 

for remanufacture 16 per cent 

ZINC. 

Zinc bearing ores including calamine, 

on the zinc contained 16 per cent 

Zinc dust, sheets not polished, or 

plated 16 per cent 

Oxide 10 per cent 

QUICKSHiYEB 10 per cent 

PliATINUM. 

Ingots, bars, plates, retorts, wire, 

and scrap Free 

TIN. 

Ore, bars, blocks, pigs, oxide and 

cassiterite or hUfils, and dross .... Fr«A 



127 



\ 



Established 1875 



United States 
Smelting Works 

1615 and 1617 Spring Garden St. 
PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

Tm, Copper, Spelter, Lead 

and Antimony 

Babbitt Metals, Solders, Etc. 

Brazing Solder 



"GILBERT" 

In the Western country, the ster- 
ling miark on castings, ingots and 
finished specialties in brass, 
bronze, copper, aluminum. A 
recognized guarantee of quality 
on babbitt and antifriction metals 

A. QILBERT Jt SONS BRASS FOUNDRY CO., 

St. Louis, Mo. 



xa& 



DAILY 


PRICES 


; OF 


METALS IN 


1913. 




Coppe 


r. 


Tin, : 


Lead, Spelter, | 




New York. 


New 


St. 


St. 




Lake. Electro. 


York. 


Louis. 


Louis. 


January. 












2 .... 


17.70 " ] 


[7.60 


50.6s 


4.17* 


7.16* 


3 .... 


17.70 


17.60 


50.65 


4.i8i 


7.17* 


6 .... 


17.70 


[7.60 


50.50 


4.21J 


7.12* 


7 .... 


17.70 


17.60 


50.35 


4.22^ 


7.17* 


8 .... 


17.60 ] 


7.50 


50.5s 


4.22i 


7.17* 


9 .... 


17.50 


17.37* 


50.40 


4.22i 


7.17* 


10 


i7.37i : 


172s 


50.2s 


4.20 


7.17* 


: 13 .... 


17.25 


17.00 


50.20 


4.20 


7.17* 


14 .... 


i6.87i : 


[6.62^ 


51.00 


4.20 


7.17* 


15 .... 


i6.87i ] 


[6.62i 


51.00 


4.17* 


7.15 


i6 .... 


16.75 1 


[6.50 


50.90 


4.17* 


7.15 


17 .... 


16.75 


16.50 


50.80 


4.17* 


7.15 


20 


16.3 1 i 


[6.06* 


50.60 


4.17* 


7.10 


21 


16.25 


[6.00 


50.20 


4.17* 


7.10 


22 


16.50 ] 


[6.25 


S0.5S 


4.17* 


7.05 


23 .... 


i6.62i : 


[6.50 


50.10 


4.17* 


7.00 


24 .... 


i6.37i : 


16.31J 


50.00 


4.20 


6.90 


27 .... 


i6.37i 


16.30 


49.90 


4.20 


6.90 


28 .... 


i6.37i : 


16.30 


50.00 


4.22* 


6.72* 


29 .... 


i6.37i 


r6.37i 


50.87* 


4.22i 


6.70 


30 .... 


16.37* 1 


[6.37* 


50.25 


4.22* 


6.75 


31 .... 


16.3 1 i 


16.37* 


50.25 


4.20 


6.60 


February. 










3 .... 


16.25 ] 


[6.25 


49.45 


4.20 


6.60 


4 .... 


i6.i2i 


16.00 


49.25 


4.20 


6.60 


5 .... 


16.00 


15.87* 


48.75 


4.20 


6.50 


6 .... 


15.87* I 


5.75 


48.45 


4.20 


6.37* 


7 .... 


15.87* 


15.75 


49.50 


4.20 


6.35 


ID 


15.87* 


15.75 


49.65 


4.20 


6.25 


II 


15.81I 


15.62^ 


49.35 


4.20 


6.25 


13 .... 


15.81* 


t5.68l 


49.00 


4.20 


6.22i 


14 .... 


15.50 ] 


[5.12* 


48.75 


4.20 


6.22i 


17 .... 


I5.i2i 


15.00 


49.00 


4.20 


6.20 


i8 .... 


i5.o6i 


14.87* 


48.75 


4.20 


6.25 


19 .... 


14.93I 


14.87* 


49.20 


4.20 


6.20 


20 


14.87* 


14.87* 


48.65 


4.20 


6.i2i 


21 


14.93! 


14.87* 


48.75 


4.20 


6.i2i 


24 .... 


14.93* 1 


[4.87* 


47.90 


^A^ 


^.V5k 



\ 



129 





DAILY PRICES OF 


METALS IN 1918. 






Copper. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, 






New York. 


New 


St. 


. St. 






Lake. Electro. 


York. ] 


Louis. 


Louis. 




February. 












25 .. 


. . 14.80 


14.75 


47.90 


4.20 


6.10 




26 .. 


. . 14.80 


14.75 


48.05 


4.20 


6.07i 




27 .. 


.. 14.75 


14.72^ 


47.75 


4.20 


6.07! 




28 .. 


.. I4.8ii 


14.80 


47-75 


4.20 


6.07i 




MarcJ 


1. 












3 .. 


.. 14.93! 


14.90 


47.8s 


4.20 


6.12^ 




4 .. 


. . 14.93! 


14.90 


47.9s 


4.2ii 


6.15 




5 .. 


.. 14.93! 


14.90 


48.40 


4.2ii 


6.IS 




6 .. 


.. 14.9s 


14.95 


47.75 


4.2ii 


6.22i 




7 .. 


.. 14.9s 


14.90 


47.30 


4.2 1 i 


6.25 




10 .. 


.. 14.95 


I4.87i 


46.40 


4.2ii 


6.25 




II .. 


.. 14.95 


14.90 


46.50 


4.2ii 


6.25 




12 .. 


. . 14.95 


14.90 


46.45 


4.2ii 


6.25 




13 .. 


.. 1495 


14.90 


45.87i 


4.2 1 i 


6.22^ 




14 .. 


.. 14.9s 


14.85 


45.95 


4.2ii 


6.20 




17 .. 


. . 14.90 


14.8s 


45.75 


4.2ii 


6.IS 




18 .. 


. . 14.90 


14.90 


46.10 


4.21J 


6.10 




19 .. 


. . 14.90 


14.85 


46.i2i 


4.2ii 


6.07i 




20 .. 


.. 14.90 


14.85 


46.25 


4.20 


6.00 




24 .. 


. . 14.90 


14.90 


46.20 


4.20 


5.9s 




25 .. 


.. 14.90 


14.90 


46.55 


4.20 


S.92i 




26 .. 


.. 15.05 


15.00 


47.00 


4.2ii 


592* 




27 .. 


. . 15.06I 


15.05 


48.00 


4.20 


S^77l 




28 .. 


. . i5.o6i 


15.05 


47.25 


4.20 


S.80 




31 .. 


.. iS.i7i 


I5.i7i 


48.00 


4.20 


S.80 




April. 














I .. 


.. iS.i7i 


15.15 


48.00 


4.20 


5.82* 




2 .. 


. . 15.20 


15.20 


48.00 


4.18! 


5.77* 




3 .. 


. . 15.32^ 


I5.27i 


47.62i 


4.18! 


5.72* 




4 .. 


.. 15.40 


15.35 


47.62i 


4.i8i 


5.7s 




7 .. 


.. 15.40 


15.32^ 


48.25 


4.20 


5.77i 




8 .. 


.. 15.50 


15.40 


48.1S 


4.20 


5.75 




9 .. 


.. 15.50 


15.40 


48.50 


4.17* 


5.70 




10 .. 


.. 15.50 


15.40 


48.75 


4.i7i 


5.67i 




II .. 


.. iS.56i 


15.45 


49.15 


4.20 


5.65 




14 .. 


.. 15.68! 


15.60 


S0.I2i 


4.2ii 


S.62i 


> 


15 .. 


.. 15.65 


15.60 


49.70 


4.2ii 


5.60 



130 



DAILY PRICES OF 


METALS IN 1918. 




Copp< 


er. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, 




New York. 


New 


St. 


St. 




Lake. Electro. 


York. ] 


Lx)uis. : 


Louis. 


April 












i6 .. 


.. 15.SS 


15.50 


49.75 


4.22i 


5.60 


17 .. 


.. 15.70 


i5.67i 


50.20 


4.22* 


5.55 


18 .. 


.. 15.70 


15.65 


50.15 


4.23i 


5.50 


21 .. 


.. i5.67i 


15.60 


49.60 


4.22* 


542* 


22 .. 


.. i5.67i 


15.60 


49.55 


4.35 


S.45 


23 .. 


.. i5.67i 


15.60 


49-55 


4.36i 


S.4S 


24 .. 


.. 15.6s 


15.5s 


49.10 


4.36i 


5.42* 


25 .. 


.. 15.65 


15.60 


49.7s 


4.37* 


5.45 


28 .. 


.. 15.65 


15.60 


49.60 


4.37* 


5.45 


29 .. 


.. 15.65 


15.50 


49.80 


4.37* 


S.42* 


30 •• 


. . 1 5.62 J 


15.45 


49.80 


437* 


5.40 


May. 












I . . 


. . 15.62^ 


15.45 


50.00 


4.37* 


S.40 


2 . . 


. . 15.65 


15.55 


49.65 


4.36i 


5.40 


5 .. 


.. 15.70 


15.60 


49.90 


4.22* 


5.40 


6 .. 


.. 15.72^ 


I5.62i 


50.25 


• 4.22* 


5.37* 


7 .. 


. . 15.72* 


15.62* 


50.70 


4.22* 


5.37* 


8 .. 


.. 15.75 


15.65 


50.37* 


4.22* 


5.37* 


9 .. 


.. 15.75 


15.65 


50.25 


4.22* 


535 


12 .. 


.. i5.8ii 


15.75 


50.12* 


4.22* 


5.35 


13 .. 


.. 15.85 


15.80 


50.00 


4.22* 


5.35 


14 .. 


.. 15.75 


15.75 


49.10 


4.22* 


5.32* 


15 .. 


.. 15.65 


15.65 


48.12* 


4.22* 


5.30 


16 .. 


.. 15.75 


15.65 


48.87* 


4.20 


5.30 


19 .. 


. . 15.75 


15.60 


48.25 


4.18I 


5.30 


20 . . 


.. 15.75 


15.60 


48.00 


4.18I 


5.30 


21 . . 


.. 15.75 


15.65 


48.40 


4.18I 


5.27* 


22 . . 


. . 15.75 


15.65 


48.75 


4.18I 


5.25 


23 .. 


. . 15.70 


15.60 


48.50 


4.18I 


5.25 


26 .. 


. . 15.70 


15.60 


48.50 


4.2ii 


5.25 


27 .. 


.. 15.70 


15.60 


48.87* 


4.20 


5.22* 


28 .. 


.. 15.65 


1557* 


48.1S 


4.20 


5.22* 


29 . . 


..' 15.65 


15.57* 


47.25 


4.20 


5.20 


June. 












2 .. 


.. 15.50 


15.30 


46.70 


4.20 


5.15 


3 .. 


.. 15.50 


15.25 


46.60 


4.2ii 


5.15 


4 .. 


.. 15.40 


15.15 


46.00 


4.20 


5.15 


5 .. 


.. i5.3ii 


15.05 


45.60 


4.20 


S«T^o 



\ 



^s^ 



DAILY PRICES OP 


METALS IN 


1918. 




Copp( 


sr. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, | 




New York. 


New 


St. 


St. 




Lake. Electro. 


York. : 


Louis. ; 


Louis. 


June. 












6 .. 


.. i5.3ii 


15.05 


46.25 


4.20 


S.10 


9 .. 


. . i5.3ii 


15.05 


45.50 


4.20 


5.10^ 


10 .. 


. . I5.i2i 


14.87! 


45.25 


4.20 


S.02! 


II .. 


. . I5.i2i 


14.87! 


45.25 


4.20 


5.02! 


12 .. 


. . I5.i2i 


14.87! 


45.7s 


4.20 


5.00 


13 .. 


. . is.i2i 


14.93! 


45.95 


4.20 


5.00 


i6 .. 


. . i5.o6i 


14.93! 


45.50 


4.20 


5.00 


17 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.8s 


44.75 


4.20 


4.97! 


i8 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.85 


45.00 


4.20 


4.97! 


19 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.8s 


45.1S 


4.18! 


5.00 


20 .. 


. . 14.87! 


14.62! 


43.60 


4.25 


5.00 


23 .. 


.. 14.7s 


14.50 


42.75 


4.22! 


5.00 


24 .. 


.. 14.75 


14.50 


43.75 


4.22! 


5.00 


25 .. 


. . 14.87! 


14.62! 


44.75 


4.22! 


5.02! 


26 .. 


.. 14.87! 


14.62! 


4375 


4.22! 


5.05 


27 .. 


. . 14.87! 


14.S6J 


42.85 


4.22! 


S.12! 


30 .. 


.. 14.87! 


14.56! 


42.75 


4.22! 


5.15 


July. 












I .. 


.. 14.85 


i4.S6i 


41.65 


4.22! 


5.15 


2 .. 


.. 14.85 


14.56! 


41.30 


4.22! 


5.15, 


3 .. 


.. 14.85 


14.56! 


40.7s 


4.22* 


5.17! 


7 .. 


.. 14.85 


14.56! 


40.50 


4.22! 


5.22! 


8 .. 


. . 14.80 


14.55 


39.45 


4.22! 


5.25, 


9 •• 


. . 14.80 


14.55 


39.12! 


4.22! 


5.22! 


10 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.37! 


39.62! 


4.20 


5.20 


II .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.37! 


40.85 


4.20 


5.20 


14 .. 


.. 14.56! 


14.30 


39-45 


4.20 


5.15 


15 .. 


.. 14.50 


14.20 


40.00 


4.20 


5.15 


i6 .. 


.. 14.50 


14.20 


39.87! 


4.20 


5.15 


17 .. 


. . 14.60 


14.43! 


39.80 


4.22! 


5.15 


i8 .. 


.. 14.52! 


14.43! 


40.00 


4.22! 


5.1S 


21 .. 


. . 14.522 


14.43! 


40.50 


4.22! 


5.20 


22 .. 


.. 14.55 


14.50 


41.30 


4.22! 


5.22! 


23 • 


. . 14.60 


14.50 


41.55 


422! 


5.22! 


24 .. 


. . 14.75 


14.62! 


40.90 


4.22! 


5.25 


25 .. 


.. 15.00 


14.87! 


40.35 


4.23! 


5.25, 


28 .. 


. . 15.20 


15.06! 


40.80 


4.27! 


5.32! 


29 .. 


.. 15.05 


14.93! 


41.00 


4.42! 


5.45 



132 



DAILY 


PRICES 


OP METALS IN 


1918. 






Copper. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, 






New York. 


New 


St. 


St. 






Lake. Electro. 


York. ] 


Louis. 


Louis. 




July. 














30 — 


1S.05 


14.93S 


39.50 


4.42i 


S.42i 




31 


IS.2S 


iS.o6i 


40.25 


4.40 


5-45 




August. 














I 


15.25 


iS.i2i 


40.70 


4.4ii 


5A7^ 




4 .... 


15.25 


I5.i2i 


40.70 


4.37i 


S.45 




5 .... 


i5.3ii 


1S.18I 


40.90 


4.42i 


S.47i 




6 .... 


15.435 


iS.37i 


41.8s 


4.42i 


S.47J 




7 .... 


15.43! 


15.43I 


41.60 


442i 


5.52i 




8 .... 


15.7s 


15.75 


41.70 


4.42i 


S.S2i 




II 


1S.814 


15.7s 


42.25 


4.42i 


S.52i 




12 


iS.8ii 


15.75 


41.80 


4.42J 


5.60 




13 .... 


i5.87i 


15.80 


41.62! 


4.42i 


5.60 




14 .... 


i5.93i 


15.80 


41.85 


4.43! 


5.62i 




IS .... 


16.00 


15.85 


41.50 


4.60 


5.65 




18 .... 


16.00 


15.90 


41.50 


4.6s 


S.72i 




19 .... 


15.90 


15.80 


4i.37i 


4.67i 


5.70 




20 


15.90 


15.80 


41.60 


4.67i 


5.65 




21 


15.85 


15.70 


4MS 


4.72i 


S.75 




22 


15.80 


15.65 


41.30 


4.70 


5.75 




25 .... 


15.90 


15.7s 


4i.37i 


4.70 


5.75 




26 


16.00 


iS.87i 


42.00 


4.72i 


S.80 




27 .... 


16.00 


iS.87i 


42.60 


4.72i 


S.80 




28 .... 


16.18I 


16.00 


43.60 


4.72i 


5.80 




29 .... 


i6.i8i 


16.00 


42.90 


4.72i 


S.80 




September. 












2 


16.25 


i6.i8i 


43.i2i 


4.68I 


5.73S 




3 .... 


16.435 


16.30 


43.70 


4.68! 


S.72i 




4 .... 


i6.43i 


16.30 


43.87i 


4.681 


S.72i 




5 .... 


16.68I 


1643! 


43.2s 


4.67i 


5.75 




8 .... 


i6.87i 


16.70 


42.87i 


4.67i 


S'75 




9 .... 


16.81} 


16.6s 


42.7s 


4.67i 


5*75 




10 


i6.7S, 


i6.56i 


42.50 


4.6s 


5*75 




II 


i6.62i 


i6.43t 


42.45 


4.63! 


S.72i 




12 


i6.62i 


16.43S 


42.40 


4.63! 


S.72i 




IS .... 


i6.8ii 


16.68! 


43.00 


4.62i 


S.72i 




16 .... 


i6.87i 


i6.8ii 


42.90 


4.6ii 


5.65 




17 .... 


i6.87i 


16.81I 


42.55 


4.6ii 


S.65 




18 .... 


i6.87i 


16.81I 


42.10 


4.6ii 


S.62i i^ 



^^^ 



DAILY 


PRICES OF 


METALS IN 


1918. 






Copp< 


sr. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, | 






New York. 


New 


St 


St. 






Lake. Electro. 


York. ] 


Louis. ] 


Louis. 


Septemb 


er. 










19 




i6.87i 


i6.8ii 


42.20 


4.62! 


S.62i 


22 




16.7s 


i6.56i 


41.8s 


4.60 


5.62i 


23 




i6.8ii 


16.68! 


41.8s 


4.60 


5.62i 


24 




16.75 


16.50 


42.CX) 


4.60 


5^57^ 


25 




16.75 


16.50 


42.15 


4.S7i 


s-ss 


26 




16.75 


16.50 


41.70 


4.S2i 


S.S2i 


29 




16.75 


16.50 


41.60 


4.S0 


S.47i 


30 




16.7s 


16.43! 


4I.I2i 


450 


S.4S 


Oci 


tober 


» 










I 




i6.7S 


16.5s 


4I.I2i 


4.S0 


S.42J 


2 




i6.8ii 


16.55 


41.20 


4.4s 


S.42J 


3 




i6.8ii 


16.50 


40.95 


4.4s 


S.40 


6 




i6.8ii 


i6.5S 


40.SS 


4.4s 


5.37i 


7 




i6.8ii 


16.SS 


40.SS 


4.42i 


5.32i 


8 




i6.8ii 


16.55 


40.7s 


4.42i 


S.32J 


9 




i6.7S 


16.45^ 


40.60 


4.36i 


S-25 


10 




i6.62i 


i6.3ii 


40.30 


4.3s 


S.25 


14 




16.50 


16.20 


40.3s 


4.325 


5.20 


15 




i6.62i 


16.3 li 


40.45 


4.30 


S.i7i 


16 




16.68I 


16.43! 


40.87! 


4.28! 


S.i7i 


17 




16.68I 


16.43S 


40.62! 


4.25 


5.i7i 


20 




16.75 


16.5s 


40.30 


4.22i 


5.20 


21 




i6.8ii 


16.60 


40.20 


4.22i 


S.22i 


22 




i6.93i 


i6.72i 


40.60 


4.22i 


S.25 


23 




16.933 


16.68! 


40.55 


4.22i 


S.30 


24 




i6.93i 


16.68! 


40.55 


4.22i 


S.30 


27 




16.93! 


16.68! 


40.35 


4.22i 


5.25 


28 




i6.93i 


16.68! 


40.00 


4.22i 


S.25 


29 




16.93! 


16.68! 


40.05 


4.22i 


S.25 


30 




16.93! 


i6.62i 


39.95 


4.22i 


5-23^ 


31 




16.93! 


i6.s6i 


40.15 


4.22! 


5.22! 


November 










3 




i6.87i 


i6.37i 


39.90 


4.22i 


5.22i 


5 




i6.87i 


i6.37i 


40.25 


4.22i 


5.22i 


6 




i6.62i 


16.25 


40.00 


4.22i 


5.20 


7 




i6.62i 


16.25 


40.00 


4.22i 


5.20 


10 




i6.i2i 


15.75 


39.40 


4.22i 


S.15 


TI 




i6.i2i 


15.75 


39.35 


4.22i 


S.15 



134 



DAILY PRICES OF 


METALS IN 


1913. 






Lake. Electro. 


York. ] 


^ouis. ; 


Loujs. 






New York. 


New 


St. 


St. 






Copper. 


Tin, Lead, Spelter, 




12 .. 


. . i6.i2i 


15.68! 


39.55 


4.22! 


S.IS 




13 .. 


nom. 


15.43! 


4005 


4.22! 


5.15 




14 .. 


nom. 


15.43! 


40.05 


4.22! 


5.15 




17 .. 


nom. 


15.31* 


39.87! 


4.IS 


S.13! 




18 .. 


nom. 


I5.3ii 


40.25 


4.IS 


S.13! 




19 .. 


.. 15.75 


I5.3ii 


40.15 


4.IS 


S.12! 




20 .. 


. . 15.62! 


15.18! 


39.85 


4.IS 


S.12! 




21 .. 


.. 15.25 


14.87! 


39.80 


4.13! 


5.12! 




24 .. 


.. I5.i2i 


14.75 


39.37! 


4.13! 


S.12! 




25 .. 


.. 15.18! 


14.814 


39.3s 


4.13! 


5.114 




26 .. 


.. 15.18! 


14.87! 


3975 


4.10 


5.07! 




28 .. 


. . I5.i2i 


14.75 


39.60 


4.10 


S.07! 




Decen 


iber. 












I .. 


. . 15.00 


14.68! 


39.12! 


4.10 


S.07i 




2 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.62! 


38.70 


3.97! 


S.02! 




3 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.62! 


38.80 


3.97i 


5.00 




4 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.62! 


38.1s 


3.97i 


S.oo 




5 .. 


. . 14.87! 


14.50 


38.2s 


3.97i 


5.00 




8 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.37! 


37.70 


3.97! 


5.00 




9 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.37! 


37.40 


3.87! 


5.00 




10 ,. 


. . 14.62! 


14.37! 


37.50 


3.85 


5.00 




II .. 


. . 14.62! 


i4.37i 


37.62! 


3.85 


5.00 




12 .. 


. . 14.62! 


i4.3ii 


37.55 


3.85 


5.00 




15 .. 


. . 14.62! 


I4.3ii 


37.70 


3.85 


5.00 




16 .. 


. . 14.62! 


I4.3ii 


37.87! 


3.85 


5.00 




17 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.314 


37.55 


3.8s 


5.00 




18 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.314 


37.35 


3.87! 


5.02! 




19 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.25 


37.15 


3.87! 


5.02! 




22 . . 


. . 14.62! 


14.25 


36.90 


3.90 


S.02! 




23 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.25 


36.75 


3.90 


5.00 




24 .. 


. . 14.62! 


14.314 


36.85 


3.97i 


5.00 




26 .. 


. . 15.00 


14.56^ 


37.00 


3.97! 


5.07! 




29 .. 


. . 1537* 


14.87! 


37.70 


4.02! 


5.07! 




30 .. 


.. i5.37i 


14.87! 


37.37! 


4.0s 


5.1S 




31 .. 


.. 1537* 


14.814 


37.10 


4.10 


5.12! 




High 


.. 17.7s 


17.6s, 


51.00 


4.72! 


7.i7i 




Low . 


.. 14.50 


14.12! 


36.7s 


3.85 


4.95 




Averaj 


ge 15.70 


15.52 


44.32 


4.26 


5.61 


\ 



^^^ 



COMPOSITE METAL PRICE. 



The composite metal price is a conven- 
tion devised by the "American Metal Mar- 
ket" to show at one glance the bulk move- 
ment of metal prices, the metals being 
weighted according to their tonnage impor- 
tance. The composite metal price is thus 
computed (for January 2, 1914): 

Ex- 
Pounds. Metal. Price. tension. 

4 Lead (St. Louis) 4.07! 16.300 

2i Spelter (St. Louis) 5.i2i 12.812 

3 Electro. Copper, N.Y. 14.75 44.250 

i Tin, (New York) 36.80 18.400 



10 pounds 91.762 

One pound 9.1762 



Yearly averages: 

1890 8.975 1902 - 7.691 

1891 7.870 1903 8.480 

1892 7.273 1904 8.289 

1893 6.714 1905 9.707 

1894 5934 1906 11.734 

1895 6.112 1907 11.755 

1896 6.116 1908 8.290 

1897 6.532 1909 8.444 

1898 7.039 1910 8.665 

1899 9.910 191 1 9.043 

1900 9-247 1912 10.750 

1901 8.931 1913 10.021 

Note — Prior to 1900 the yearly averages 

are figured on the New York prices of lead 

and spelter, instead of the St. Louis prices, 

and on the price of Lake copper instead of 

electrolytic. 



136 



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M IHMtHMMMtHMM 

ovoooooooood dkdkdvodod dvd 

d 9fi2x t^^ Mvo cot^vo Tfoooo 
2 qoQ ^^u?'^e9co5^lOl^:S8 

ov ovoooooooooooooooooooood 

ovoooo t^ooododododododod'a 
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S ►^. qO»-lMMM»0'<f<ON»VO 
Oi 00 00 00 00 00 00* 00 00 00 00 oo" 00 

Oi roeoeocoeorow m d\oo*o6 k. 



CI o 

o 



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in £^0 row «OCO »0^vo^f*iiiS 

Ov ovovo\o\o\ovONO\Chd d m 

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rtO '^. P*^. *?^q^q»qvMcooow 
gvoooooooooo tNt^t^ododod d 



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• • • • '^ *^ •^j .a 

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f 

to 

00 



00 



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bo 



\ 



n7 



METAL 
BROKERS 



M. L APPELBAUM, Inc. 

55 Liberty SL, New York 



^ The Largest Gipper 
Brokerage Business in 
the United States. 



We do not write any contracts of 
any nature, for our own account. 



138 



TOTAL PRODUCTION OF COPPER. 

Total production of copper in the world 
1800 to 1912 inclusive, arranged in decades 
from figures issued by Vivian, Younger & 
Bond, Henry R. Merton & Co., Ltd., and 
the United States Geological Survey, in 



tons of 2,240 


pounds: 


World's 




United States 


Total 




Production. 


Production. 


1801-1810.. . . 




91,000 
06.000 


1811-1820.. .". 




i82i-i8'?o.. .. 




135,000 
218400 


1831-1840.... 


•••• ••^••••••« 


1841-1850 


2,400 


291,000 


1851-1860 


37,050 


505,999 


1861-1870 


97,100 


900,000 


1871-1880 


188,000 


1,189,400 


1881-1890 


732,500 


2,221,236 


1891-1900 


1,941,390 


3,710,651 


1901-1910 


3,822,960 


6,856,630 


1911-1912 


"1,044,800 


1,877,800 


Total 


7,866,200 


18,093,116 



WORLD'S PRODUCTION OF COPPER. 

According to H. R. Merton & Co., and 
U. S. Geological Survey, tons 2,240 lbs.) 



Year. Tons. 

1881 163,000 

1882 181,622 

1883 199,406 

1884 220,249 

1885 225,592 

1886 217,086 

1887 223,798 

1888 258,026 

1889 259,837 

1890 272,620 

1891 282,713 

1892 314,509 

1893 304,943 

1894 315,619 

1895 329,431 

1896 377,534 



Year. Tons. 

1897 405,831 

1898 429,379 

1899 463,693 

1900 , 486,999 

1901 517,865 

1902 548,604 

1903 586,143 

1904 649,300 

1905 701,252 

1906 712,934 

1907 709,736 

1908 744,240 

1909 836,870 

1910 849,686 

191 1 872,748 

T912 ^f^jo^i^^^ 



\ 



13^ 



Magfnus Metal 

STANDARD 

For Jotumal Bearings and 
Locomotiye Wearing Parts. 



Magnus Metal 
Company, 

No. Ill BROADWAY, 
NEW YORK. 



R H. HEWITT. Pres. C. M. HEWITT ,V. P. 



■*««•■ 



140 





J. S. COPPER PRODUCTION. 




(Smelter and Mine Production.) 


■840-9 


3,920,000 


1890 


259.763,092* 


1850-9 


68,320,000 


1891 


284,121,704* 






1892 




i86o 


16,128,000* 


1893 




1861 


16,800,000* 


1894 


38oi6i3!404* 


1862 


21,160,000* 




1863 


19,040,000 




460.061,430* 


1864 


17,920,000 




494,078,274* 


iill 


19/140,000 




526,512,987* 


19,936,000 


1899 


568,666,921* 


il^ 


22,400.000* 
2S.984,ooo* 
28,000,000 


1890-9 


4,002,359.323 


1869 










1900 
190 1 


606,117.166* 
602,072,519 


1860-9 


206408,000 






1902 
1903 


659.508,644* 
698,044,517* 


1870 


28,224.000* 


187. 


29,120,000* 


1904 


812,537.267* 


1872 


28,000,000 


1905 




■873 


34,720,000* 


i9og 




■874 


39,200,000* 


1907 




■87s 


40,320,000* 


1908 


942,570.721* 


1876 


42,560,000* 


1909 


1.092.951.624* 


\U 


47MO,ooo* 

48,160.000* 


1900-9 


8,089.388,898 


1879 


51,520,000* 










T910 


1,080,159,509 




1870-9 


388,864.000 


igii 


1,097.232.749* 






1912 


1,243,268,720' 


1880 


60,480,000* 


1913 


1,223,700,000 


I88I 


71,680,000* 






1882 


90,646,232* 






1883 


115.526.053* 


* Record years. | 


1885 


144.946,653* 






1885 


165.875.766* 






tS86 


156,735.381 
180,920,524* 














226,361,466* 






1889 


226,775.962* 






i88osi 


1439.948,037 







The American Metal Co. 

52 Broadway, NEW YORK 

1411 Third National Banli Bldg. 420 Empire BMf . 

ST. LOUIS DENVER 

Ores and MbUbs 

Oepper and lead Bullion 
Standar d Alu minum 

Ferrontanganese and 

Splegelelsen 

Iron and Manganese Ores 



BALBACH 

Smelting and l^efininj 
Company 

Smelters and Refiners of Gold, 
Silver, Lead and Copper Material 
Electrolytic Copper Refinery 

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY 



142 



u. 


s. 


COPPER PRODUCTION 


• 


(Smelter and Mine 


Production.) 








Production. 


Annual Increase. 


Year. 


• 


Pounds. 


Pounds. 


% 


1880 . 


• • • 


60,480,000 


8,960,000 


17.4 


1881 . 


• • • 


71,680,000 


11,200,000 


18.5 


1882 . 


• • • 


90,646,232 


8,966,232 


12.5 


1883 . 


• • • 


115,526,053 


24,886,221 


27.4 


1884 . 


• • • 


144,946,653 


29,420,600 


255 


188s . 


• • • 


165,875,766 


20,929,113 


14.4 


1886 . 


• • • 


156,735,381 


*9,i40,385 


♦5.5 


1887 . 


• • • 


180,920,524 


24,185.143 


15.4 


1888 . 


• • • 


226,361,466 


45,440,942 


25.0 


1889 . 


• • • 


226,775,962 


414,496 


.2 


1890 . 


• • • 


259,763,092 


32,987,130 


14.5 


1891 . 


• • • 


284,121,764 


24.358.672 


9.4 


1892 . 


• • • 


344,998,679 


60,876,915 


21.4 


1893 . 


• • • 


329,354,398 


♦15,644,281 


*4.5 


1894 . 


• • • 


354,188,374 


24,833,976 


7.5 


1895 . 


• • • 


380,613,404 


26,425,030 


7.4 


1896 . 


• • • 


460,061,430 


79,448,026 


20.0 


1897 . 


• • • 


494,078,274 


34,016,844 


7.4 


1898 . 


• • • 


526,512,987 


32,434,713 


6.6 


1899 . 


• • • 


568,666,921 


42,153,934 


8.0 


1900 . 


• • • 


606,117,166 


37,450,245 


6.6 


1901 . 


• • • 


602,072,519 


♦4,044,647 


*.7 


1902 . 


• • • 


659,508,644 


57,436,125 


9.5 


1903 . 


• • • 


698,044,517 


38,535,873 


5.8 


1904 . 


• • • 


812,537,267 


114,492,750 


16.4 


190S . 


• • • 


888,784,267 


76,247,000 


II.O 


1906 . 


• • • 


917,805,682 


15,897,839 


1.7 


1907 . 


• • • 


868,996,491 


♦48,809,191 


*5.3 


1908 . 


• • • 


942,570,721 


73,074,230 


8.4 


1909 . 


• • • 


1,092,951,624 


150,380,903 


159 


1910 . 


• • • 


1,080,159,509 


♦12,792,115 


♦1.2 


191 1 . 


• • • 


1,097,232,749 


17,073,240 


1.6 


1912 . 


• • « 


1,243,268,720 


146,035,971 


13.3 


1913 . 


• • • 


1,223,700,000 


♦19,568,720 


♦1.5 


♦ D 


ecrease. 







1A3 



NASSAU SMELTING 

AND 

REFINING WORKS 



DEALERS IN Copper, Spelter, Lead, Tin, 
Aluminum, Nickel, Antimony, Bismuth, etc. 

MANUFACTURERS OF Ingot Brass and 
Ebronze, Manganese Bronze, Phosphor Tin 
and Copper, Solder, Babbitt and Type Metals. 

SMELTERS OF Drosses. 



L 



603 to 625 West 29th St 

NEW YORK 



Tottenville G)pper Co. 

TottenviHe, N. Y. 



INGOT 
COPPER 

99 >^ per cent pure 
BRAND 

C T. C 

144 



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151 



DAILY RATE OF PRODUCTION AND 


CC 


>NSUM 

(Tc 


[PTION OF C 


OPPBS 

5.) 


> 


)ns of 


2,000 Ibi 


Production: 












1909. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


Jan. . . 


1,809 


1,880 


1,866 


1,925 


2,314 


Feb. .. 


1,852 


2,013 


1,961 


2,001 


2,338 


Mar. .. 


1,888 


1,937 


2,10s 


2,027 


2,197 


April . 


1,893 


1,958 


1,968 


2,091 


2,255 


May .. 


1,909 


1,988 


2,048 


2,044 


2,279 


June .. 


1,943 


2,120 


2,076 


2,039 


2,031 


July .. 


1,908 


1,909 


1,809 


2,212 


2,227 


Aug. . 


1,945 


2,061 


2,024 


2,349 


2,123 


Sep. . . 


1,967 


1,992 


1,926 


2,335 


2,100 


Oct. .. 


2,011 


2,040 


1,907 


2,345 


2,243 


Nov. .. 


2,027 


1,989 


i,86s 


2,245 


2,234 


Dec. .. 


1,900 


1,989 


1,982 


2,312 


2,242 


Av'ge . 


1,921 


1,990 


1,962 


2,160 


2,222 


Consumption 


• 
• 










1909. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912 


1913. 


Jan. . . 


836 


1,261 


679 


1,006 


1,052 


Feb. .. 


778 


1,190 


916 


969 


1,066 


Mar. . . 


788 


1,014 


1,066 


1,089 


1,235 


April . 


792 


1,133 


873 


1,159 


1,302 


May . . 


987 


957 


1,041 


1,173 


1,308 


June .. 


1,010 


889 


1,028 


1,102 


1,141 


July .. 


1,218 


915 


919 


1,147 


950 


Aug. .. 


962 


1,092 


967 


1,270 


1,188 


Sept. . . 


868 


1,075 


955 


1,058 


1,113 


Oct. .. 


1,070 


1,094 


1,033 


1,357 


1,099 


Nov. . . 


1,114 


1,013 


1,134 


1,156 


811 


Dec. . . 


1,121 


703 


1,064 


943 


354 


Av*ge . 
/ 


962 


1,028 


973 


1,119 


1,051 



15a 



DAILY RATE OF EXPORTS OF 

COPPER. 



Exports: 



(Tons of 2,000 lbs.) 



Jan. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
April 
May- 
June 
July 
Aug. 
Sept. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
Dec. 



1909. 
621 

553 

955 
1,085 

1,138 

1,183 

1,210 

780 

835 
907 
921 
960 



1910. 

1,318 

667 

655 
522 

734 
1,098 

958 

997 
1,252 
1,100 
1,124 
1,421 



1911. 
858 
806 

953 

1,035 
1,000 

1,191 
1,226 
1,127 

847 

969 

1,117 

1,278 



1912. 

1,293 
1,089 

948 

888 

1,121 

1,024 

968 

1,137 
1,004 

768 

932 
1,060 



1913- 
974 



,253 
,432 
,101 

,134 
,266 

,132 
,218 
,098 
,167 
,186 



Average . . . 929 987 1,034 1,019 1,190 



STOCKS IN GERMANY AND 
AND HOLLAND. 

Stocks of copper in Germany and Holland 
at the end of each month as reported 
by Henry R. Merton & Co. 

♦1911. *I9I2. 

January 22,600 13,100 

February 18,600 

March 17,300 

April 16,700 

May 17750 

June 17,300. 

July 17,950 

August 18,450 

September 18,350 

October 17,100 

November 14,600 

December 13,400 

* Includes only stocks 
and Rotterdam. Stocks in 
added in March 1913. 



m 



♦1913. 

*4,903 
*8,527 
12,813 

13,391 
10,583 

10,054 
7,283 

7,539 
5,296 

4,477 

5,277 
8,520 

in Hamburg 
Bremen were 



11,500 
10,900 
10,120 
8,000 
6,540 
5,580 
5,160 
3,740 
3,040 
2,560 
2,880 



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S. BIRKB«$TBN & SONS 

377 to 409 W. Ontario St. 
Chicago, lUinou 

INGOT COPPER PIG TIN 
SPELTER PIG LEAD 

ALUMINUM INGOTS, AUOYS, 
SHffTS, RODS, WIRE, ETC 

AND METALS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION 
BOUGHT AND SOLD 

WE ALSO CARRY A COMPLETE LINE 
OF BRASS FOUNDRY SUPPLIES 



AGENTS 

Globe Metal Company's Standard INGOT 
BRASS, including MANGANESE and 
PHOSPHOR BRONZE and Brass 
Ingots manufactured accord- 
ing to Specifications 

WE BUY 

BntM Borinci And Brasi Tumingi, Bran Orindiac** 
Bntii Tonndry Athet and Beaiduet of all kiadi 



158 



CONSUMPTION OF COPPER IN THE 




UN 
Based on th 


ITED STATES. 




annual reports of the U. S. 




Geological Sii 


vey 


[liTOUgh 1908, and the 




returns of th<> 


C01) 


•er Producer's Associa- 




tion for subsequent 


years. 




1891 available 


supply .... I?6.3I5,176 




1892 .... 


" 


256,549,590 




1893 .... 


" 


.... 151.415.567 




1894 .... 


" 


.... 197,490,815 




189s .... 


" 


.... 258.701,337 




.896 .... 


' 


.... 196,103.142 




1897 .... 


" 


.... 234.745.630 




1898 .... 


" 


299,727,082 




1899 .... 


" 


.... 411,512.781 




igoo . estimated consumption ., 356^1,121 




igoi .... 




.... 382,761,014 




1902 .... 




.... 5S>.688,i3i 




1903 .... 


" 


.... 526,429.88s 




1904 .... 




.... 482,190,920 




190S .... 


" 


581.006,32s 




igo6 




.... 686,265,987 




190? .-■■ 




.... 487,771.625 




1908 .... 




.... 479.9SS.3i8 




1909 .. domestic deliveries ... 705,051,591 




1910 




749,426,342 




1911 .... 




709,611,605 




1912 .... 




.... 819,665,948 




1913 ■ ■ 




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MORRISON 
KEKEWICH 

& CO. 

70 Gracechurch Street 
LONDON, England 



Should you require a 

BROKER 

to huy or sell any kind of raw or manufactured 

METALS 



Cable: 
MORRISON— LONDON 



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COPPER PRICES IN NEW YORK. 

Extreme yearly fluctuations in the price 

of Lake copper in New York from i860 to 
1883 inclusive. 

Highest. Lowest. 

i860 24.00 19.75 

1861 27.00 17.50 

1862 32.8754 20.75 

1863 38.75 39.00 

1864 55.00 39.00 

1865 50.50 28.00 

1866 42.00 26.50 

1867 29.25 21.50 

1868 24.50 21.50 

1869 27.00 21.50 

1870 23.3714 19.00 

1871 27.00 21.25 

1872 44.00 27.12J4 

1873 35.00 21.00 

1874 25.00 19.00 

1875 23.8714 21.50 

1876 23.25 18.75 

1877 20.50 17.50 

1878 17.62^ 15.50 

1879 21.75 15.50 

1880 25.00 17.8754 

1881 20.37^ 16.00 

1882 20.37H 17.8754 

1883 I8.I2I/4 14.87^^ 



167 



\ 



QUINCY MINING 
COMPANY 

Of Michigan 

32 Broadway, NEW YORK 

Mining and 
Refining 

Highest Grade Lake Superior Copper 

Mine and Smelter, 
HANCOCK, MICH. 



ESTABLISHED 1789. 

Nathan Trotter & Co. 

Importers and Dealers in 

Tin Copper Lead Spelter 
and Antimony 

INGOT ALUMINUM 
BISMUTH AND NICKEL 

36 North Front St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

L _ 

i68 



COPPER PRICES IN NEW YORK. 

Highest, lowest and average prices of 

Lake Copper in New York; 

Year. Highest. Lowest. Average. 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1890 

1891 

Aoy^ •••••••••• 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 '- 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

1910 

1911 

1912 

1913 

Average for 30 years 



15.00 


11.00 


13.75 


11.50 


9.75 


II. 10 


I2.I2j^ 


10.00 


11.00 


1775 


9.i2>^ 


11.25 


17.50 


1575 


16.80 


17.50 


11.00 


13.75 


17.25 


14.00 


15.75 


15.00 


10.25 


12.87^ 


12.371/2 


10.50 


11.50 


12.50 


9.62J4 


10.65 


10.25 


9.00 


9.43 


12.75 


9.25 


10.70 


11.75 


9.75 


10.92 J^ 


12.00 


1075 


11.30 


12.871/2 


10.871/2 


12.01 


19.50 


13.00 


17.75 


17.25 


16.00 


16.70 


17.00 


13.00 


16.77 


13.50 


11.00 


12.14 


15.375^ 


12.00 


13.72 


15.37H 


12.00 


13.24 


20.00 


14.875^ 


16.09 


25.00 


i8.37J^ 


19.87 


26.25 


12.50 


21.30 


14.625^ 


12.625^ 


13.50 


14.62 J^ 


12.75 


13.39 


14.00 


12.50 


13.12 


14.375^ 


12.20 


12.71 


17.80 


14.15 


16.58 


17.75 
rs 


14.50 


15.70 
13.84^ 



x6o 



JOSEPH E. GAY. Pres. 
J. R. STANTON, Treas. J. W. HARDLEY, Sec. 

MOHAWK MINING COMPANY 

of Michigan 

Mine Office: 

Mohawk P. 0. Keweenaw Co., Mich. 



JOSEPH E. GAY, Pres. 
J. R. STANTON, Treas. J. W. HARDLEY, Sec. 

WOLVERINE COPPER MINING COMPANY 

of Michigan 

Mine Office; 

Kearsarge P. 0. Houghton Co. Mich. 



J. R. STANTON, Treas., 

15 WILLIAM STREET. NEW YORK. 

Sales Agent for A bove Companies. 



White & Bro., Inc. 




Smelters of 



Copper Bearing Material 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



170 






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PHELPS, DODGE & GO. 

(INCORPOBATBD) 

99 JOHN STREET 
NEW YORK 



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C^Q" ELECTROLYTIC 
"P. D. Co." CASTING 



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173 



M 



ONEt 
ETAL 



Sheets, Rods, Wire Castings, 
Forgings, Wire Cloth,£tc 

This wonderful metal, the only 
natural nickel and copper alloy has 

the strength of steel with the non- 
corrodibility of copper and it will 
outwear and outlast the best phos- 
phor-bronze with a big saving in 
initial cost and a greater saving in 
ultimate cost. 

Monel Metal in all forms can be 
used to advantage wherever strong 
acid or alkali conditions prevail. It 
is positively non-corrodible and un- 
affected by super heated steam, 
weather conditions or salt water. 

Send your name to-day and be 
put on the regular mailing list of 
the Supplee-Biddle Bulletin and 
also receive full information on 
Monel Metal. 

Supplee-Biddle Hardware Co. 

Manufacturer* and DUtributor* 

5th and Cuthbert Sta., ISO Chamber* SU 

Philadelphia NewYwk 

Loaiiau Moatrul StacUelm Bnffala 



09 
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This 
Trade 
Mark 



Stands for the best quality Car and 
Locomotive Bearings. Ingot Metals 
and White Metals of al! kinds. 

THE AJAX METAL CO. 



PURE MANGANESE 98-99% 
and MANGANESE ALLOYS 



BRASS Mid BRONZE NICKEL 
GERMAN SILVER ALUMINUM 

MONEL METAL COMPOSITION 

Write for Metals Booklet No. i06a. wlilchcoo- 



UHCfUl fotmalna and susgeatlona. 

Hi^ Goldicliroidt Tbermit Co. 

U^ WM. C. CUNTZ, Can. H(t. 

90 WEST ST., NEW YORK 











HN 




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177 



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179 



Hendricks Brothers 



INCORPORATED 



Sheet and Bar 
Copper 

Copper Firebox 
Plates and Staybolts 

Braziers' Rivets 

Copper Rods 



IMPORTERS 
AND DEALERS IN 

Ingot Copper, Block Tin, 

Spelter, Lead, Antimony 

Bismuth, Nickel, Etc. 



49 (M Street, New York 

I : 

i8o 



SHEET COPPER PRICE CHANGES. 

Changes in the base price of sheet cop- 
per, compiled from manufacturers records, 
with the price of Lake copper in New York 
on the same dates: 



Sheet 
1898 — copper. 
Dec. 10. 16.50 
1899— 

Jan. 19. 18.50 
Jan. 24. 19.50 
Feb. 2.. 21.50 
May 2.. 22.50 

1900— 

Jan. 19. 20.50 

1901— 

Mar. 21. 21.00 

1902— 

Jan 2.. 18.00 

Jan. 23. 16.00 

Feb. 3.. 18.00 

1903— 

Mar. 12. 20.00 
Mar. 21. 21.00 
Oct. 22. 19.00 
1905— 

Aug. 22. 20.00 
Aug. 31 . 21.00 
Dec. 4.. 23.00 

190^— 
Sep. 20. 24.00 
Oct. 4.. 25.00 
Oct. II. 27.00 
Dec. 20. 29.00 

1907— 

Jan. 17. 30.00 
Feb. 7.. 32.00 
July II. 28.00 
Sep. 4.. 24.00 
Sep. 26. 20.00 



Lake 
copper. 

12.75 

15.00 
16.00 
18.00 

19.37I 

16.50 

17.00 

13.00 

ii.i2i 

13.50 

I5.i2i 

15.25 
13.00 

16.25 
17.00 
18.00 

19.25 
21.00 

22.37i 

23.50 

25.75 
25.75 

2.^.00 

18.87^ 

15.374 



Sheet 
1908 — copper. 
Feb. 27. 17.00 
Aug. 17. 18.00 
Nov. 13. 19.00 
1909— 

Jan. 12. 17.50 
Feb. 18. 16.50 
May 25. 17.00 
Nov. 17. 18.00 
1910— 

Feb. 23, 19.00 
May 2.. 18.00 
Oct. 29. 16.65 
191 1— 

May 12. 16.00 
June 7.. 16.50 
Nov. 23. 17.00 
Dec. II. 18.00 
Dec. 20. 19.00 
1912— • 

Mar. 20. 20.00 
April 2. 21.00 
May 24. 21.50 
June 5 . . 22.00 
Aug. 24. 23.00 

1913— 

Jan. 31. 22.00 
Feb. 25. 21.00 
June 23. 20.00 
Aug. 7.. 21.00 
Sep. 8. . 22.00 
Dec. I.. 20.25 
Dec. 16. 19.75 
Dec. 26. 20.00 



Lake 

copper. 

I3.i2i 

I3.62i 

14.62^ 

14.50 

1337^ 
13.374 
13.50 

13.50 

12.874 

13.00 

12.20 
12.50 
13.124 
13.62! 

14.25 

14.80 
16.00 
16.50 
17.25 
17.75 

16.31J 
14.80 

14.75 

15.43? 

i6.87i 

15.00 

14.62! 

15.00 



\ 



lEl 



The 



Market ^ Fulton 
National Bank 

Of New York 



Capital and Surplus . . $2,935,000 



Statement, October 21, 1913 

RESOURCES 

Loans and Discounts - - $8,568,611.23 
U. S. Bonds ----- 250,000.00 
Other Bonds and Stocks - 134,003.75 
Banking House - - - - 550,000.00 
Other Real Estate - - - 17,788.33 

Cash Items: 

Cash in Vault $2,638,767.65 

Exchanges for 

Clearing House 529,317.60 

Due from Banks 1,237,028.75 4,405,114.00 



$13,925,517.31 



LIABILITIES 

Capital ----- $1,000,000.00 
Surplus and Profits - - 1,935,820.77 
Circulation ----- 104,400.00 
Deposits - _ - - . 10,885,296.54 



$13,925,517.31 



182 



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i%a 



FOREIGN COPPER PRICES. 

Prices of Tough Copper according to 
tables compiled by Messrs. Vivian, Younger 
& Bond, London. 

Year. £ 

1834. 

1835. 
1836. 

1837. 
1838. 

1839. 
1840. 

1841. 

1842. 

1843. 
1844. 

1845. 
1846. 

1847. 
1848. 

1849. 

1850. 

185 1. 
1852. 

1853. 

1854. 

1855. 
1856. 

1857. 
1858. 

1859. 
i860. 
1861. 
1862. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 
1868. 
1869. 
1870. 



Year. 


£ 


1780.. . 


84 


1785.. 


. 78 @ 84 


1790.. 


86 


1795... 


100 


1800.. 


• 142 @ 154 


1801 . . . 


160 


1802.. 


. 134 @ 160 


1803.. 


. 134 @ 150 


1804.. 


. . 150 @ 166 


1805.. 


. . 168 @ 198 


1806.. 


. . 160 @ 198 


1807 . . 


. . 152 @ 164 


1808.. 


. . 130 @ 200 


1809.. 


• . 150 @ 170 


1810.. 


. . 153 @ 170 


1811.. 


•. 143 @ 153 


t8i2.. 


• . 135 @ 145 


I8I3.. 


. . 120 @ 132 


I8I4.. 


• 115 @ 135 


I8I5.. 


■ . 124 @ 135 


I8I6.. 


. . 102 @ 122 


I8I7.. 


• . 105 @ 133 


I8I8.. 


• . ^23 @ 135 


I8I9.. 


^35 


1820.. 


^35 


I82I . . 


. . 107 @ I2T 


1822.. 


.. 95 @ 107 


1823.. 


95 


1824.. 


. . 95 @ 105 


1825.. 


. . 95 @ 105 


1826.. 


. . 103 (g^ 140 


1827.. 


• • 95 @ 98 


1828.. 


103 


1829.. 


. . 92 @ T03 


1830.. 


.. 85 c^ 92 


I83I.. 


87 


1832.. 


. . 86 ® 96 


J'^JJ- . . 


. 96 C) 103 



96 @ 


100 


91 @ 


96 


95 @ 


117 


82 @ 


lOI 


86 @ 


96 


92 @ 


96 


91 @ 


98 


96 @ 


100 


83 @ 


98 


79 @ 


86 


81 @ 


88 


84 @ 


93 


88 @ 


93 


88 @ 


98 


79 @ 


98 


79 @ 


89 


79 @ 


89 


84 @ 


89 


89 @ 


103 


107 @ 


135 


126 




126 




108 @ 


126 


107 @ 


135 


98 @ 


126 


102 @ 


113 


98 @ 


115 


93 @ 


107 


93 @ 


107 


89 @ 


103 


93 @ 


113 


86 @ 


iid 


81 @ 


lOI 


74 @ 


83 


74 @ 


82 


71 @ 


82 


67 @ 


71 



184 



FOREIGN COPPER PRICES. 

Extreme yearly fluctuations of G. M. B. 
and Standard copper in London: 

Year. Highest. Lowest. 

1875 £84 OS od £78 los od 

1876 81 15 70 o o 

1877 yd o o 63 o 

1878 66 10 o 55 o o 

1879 67 10 o 53 o o 

1880 74 o o 54 10 

1881 72 10 o 57 o o 

1882 71 10 o 63 o 

1883 67 10 o 57 

1884 58 o o 47 5 

1885 61 12 6 38 10 o 

1886 43 15 38 10 o 

1887 85 5 o 38 7 6 

1888 105 o o 73 

1889 80 o o t35 o 

1890 61 12 6 46 10 o 

1891 56 10 44 o 

1892 48 o 43 10 

1893 46 IS o 40 12 o 

1894 43 o o 37 16 3 

1895 47 7 6 38 12 6 

1896 50 10 o 40 10 o 

1897 51 15 o 47 o o 

1898 57 8 9 49 10 o 

1899 79 2 6 58 I 3 

1900 78 7 6 70 15 o 

1901 72 17 6 47 o o 

1902 57 o 45 2 6 

1903 67 o 52 15 

1904 68 50 55 2 6 

1905 80 12 6 64 o o 

1906 108 00 76 15 o 

1907 *iio 15 o 55 10 o 

1908 6s 2 6 56 2 6 

1909 64 3 9 54 10 o 

1910 62 I 3 52 15 o 

1911 64 o o S3 7 6 

1912 80 I 3 60 17 6 

1913 77 2 6 61 15 o 

* Highest, t Lowest. \ 

^&5 



FOREIGN COPPER PRICES. 

Average yearly price of Standard, (G. M. 

B.) and Best Selected in London, (per gross 

ton): Standard. Best Selected. 

£ s d £ s d 

1884 63 17 6 61 

1885 43 11 49 

1886 40 1 8 44 

1887 46 5 46 

1888 81 11 3 79 

1889 49 14 8 65 3 10 

1890 64 5 3 61 11 10 

1891 61 9 4 66 11 2 

1892 45 13 2 49 18 9 

1893 43 15 6 48 

1894 40 7 4 43 7 2 

1895 * 42 19 7 46 15 5 

1896 46 18 1 60 13 6 

1897 49 2 7 

1898 61 16 7 

1899 73 13 9 

1900 73 12 6 

1901 66 19 8 

1902 62 11 6 

1903 68 3 2 

1904 69 6 

1905 69 12 

1906 87 8 6 

1907 87 1 8 

1908 60 6 

1909 58 17 3 

1910 57 3 2 

1911 56 1 9 

1912 73 1 

191.3 68 3 II 



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7 


62 


14 


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62 


12 


1 


74 


5 


10 


92 


5 





93 


14 


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63 


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62 


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Incorporated, 



Importers Of 

Pig Tin 
Antimony 



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Arthur Seligmann 

165 BROADWAY, NEW YORK 

Representing 

Altheimer^ Speier & Co. 

Frankfort on Main, Germany 



Sellers of 

NEW 
METALS 



Buyers of 

ORES 



ALUMINUM in aO Forms 



Sole Agent in U. S. A, for 

The BRITISH ALUMINIUM CO., UA. 

London, England 

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Results 


BANKA 2 


SALES. 


nka tin in 


of auction sales of Ba 


Helland: 






Equal 




Total 


Average 


C. I. F. 


1910 — 


Slabs. 


Price. 


New York. 


Jan. 26 . . 


65,031 


88^ 


32.40 


Mar. 31 . 


64,640 


9254 


33.8s 


May 25 . 


64,891 


9054 


33.00 


July 28 . 


65,000 


89Ji 
94H 


32.80 


Sept. 28 . 


64,500 


34.6254 


Nov. 25 . 


65,094 


99H 


36.50 


Total . 


389,156 - 


- about 13,500 tons 


1911 — 








Jan. 26 . 


71,860 


ii5Ji 


42.35 


Mar. 29 . 


72,680 


iiiH 


40-875^ 


May 31 . 


72,045 


ii7Va 


43.00 


July 26 . 


71,901 


"3 


41.25 


Sept. 27 . 


71,996 


1075^ 


.^9 30 


Nov. 30 . 
Total . 


71,929 


12454 45 50 
- about 15,000 tons 


432.411 - 


1912— 








Jan. 25 . 


76/>99 


Ii6j^ 


42.60 


Mar. 27 . 


76,000 


120 J4 


43.95 • 


May 30 . 


76,786 


I25H 


43.70 


July 31 . 


76,612 


45.87^ 


Sept. 25 . 


76,000 


13454 


49.00 


Nov. 28 . 


78,300 


i35?< 


49.55 


Total . 


.... 459,797 - 


— about n 


5,000 tons 


1913— 








Jan. 29 . 


71,564 


137^ 


50.00 


Mar. 27 


71,202 


131H 


48.00 


May 28 . 


73,634 


I35f6 


4945 


July 30 


73,000 


iii^ 


40.60 


Sept. 25 


70,240 


1165^ 


42.30 


Nov. 27 
Total . 


73,520 


109^ 
— aboMl 


40.00 


433,160 


\i^?jaCi \.^^'3k 



1% 



STANDARD 
TIN PLATE CO. 

Canonsburg, Pa. 



MANUFACTURERS OF 

Tin Plates 
Teme Plates 
Black Plates 

Also Lacquered Tin Plates of 
Superior Sanitary Quality. 

Our brands are standard and 
uiir customers are our best 
references. 

750,000 



Base Boxes 
Per Annum 



Direct and personal supervis- 
sion of the management ensures 
prompt and accurate attention 
to the trade. 

ENQUIRIES SOLICITED. 



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Established 1881 



C. S. Trench & Co. 



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81 Fulton Street 

NEW YORK 



Brokers in Metals 



Orders executed for Pig Tin, Copper, 
Spelter, Pig Lead, Antimony and 
Aluminum in any quantity over one 
ton. 

No buying commission charged. 

Special attention to the purchasing at 
lowest rates, of carlots composed 
of more than one metal. 

Headquarters for "D. S. C. " brand 
Bolivian tin. 

Special attention to supplying buyers' 
particular requirements in Banca 
Tin, English Lamb & Flag Tin, 
Chinese Tin and any other special 
quality of Tin obtainable either 
from spot stock or for importation. 

Agents for the "Silver Star" Spelter; 
quality guaranteed 99.75% pure. 

Monthly market reports mailed to 
metal buyers, who appreciate hear- 
ing a disinterested broker's views, 
and who are open to negotiate with 
us. 

Complete telegraphic reports of im- 
portant market movements sent by 
special arrangement in code of ten 
words. 

Correspondence solicited on every 
phase of the metal situation. 

198 





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199 



If You Produce 





Write to 



GOLDSCHMIDT 

DETINNING 
COMPANY 



60 Wall Street 
NEW YORK 



200 



WORLD'S STOCKS OF TIN. 

Stocks of tin in London, Holland and the 
United States (exclusive of Pacific Coast) 
at the close of each month, in tons of 2,240 
pounds. 





1909. 


19 10. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


Jan. . 


14,376 


14,906 


11,940 


10,475 


4,648 


Feb. . 


11,963 


13,095 


9,149 


6,494 


3,779 


Mar.. 


14,207 


13,534 


9,219 


7,006 


4,780 


April 


11,883 


12,377 


9,397 


6,700 


4,029 


May . 


11,507 


11,855 


10,205 


7,383 


5,962 


June. 


11,320 


9,459 


8,791 


5,250 


3,564 


July.. 


11,580 


8,491 


9,426 


6,229 


5,332 


Aug.. 


12,067 


10,032 


7,403 


3,706 


3,472 


Sept.. 


13,486 


11,717 


10,131 


5,566 


6,218 


Oct. . 


12,534 


11,334 


8,925 


5,447 


4,999 


Nov. . 


12,749 


11,865 


9,660 


5,466 


6,741 


Dec. . 


11,116 


11,169 


9,195 


4,287 


6,384 



STOCKS OF TIN IN THE 
UNITED STATES. 

Stocks of Tin in the United States, ex- 
clusive of Pacific ports, on the first of the 
month, compiled from monthly statistics. 

1908. 1909. 1910. 191 1. 1912. 1913. 



Jan. 


1,094 


2,862 


1,881 


854 


1,494 


1,759 




Feb. 


826 


3,559 


3,371 


1,707 


924 


1,951 




Mar. 


343 


2,316 


3,569 


1,227 


1,987 


1,767 




Apr. 


855 


3,708 


3,294 


1,992 


2,061 


2,422 




May 


1,135 


2,877 


3,544 


3,252 


3,06s 


2,094 




June 


1,166 


2,849 


1,994 


2,044 


2,005 


1,154 




July 


1,543 


3,119 


1,449 


966 


1,263 


1,474 




Aug. 


1,390 


2,366 


693 


1,053 


1,339 


1,408 




Sep. 


2,092 


2,607 


1,798 


915 


1,279 


2,542 




Oct. 


2,159 


3,527 


1,086 


2,075 


990 


2,357 




Nov. 


1,674 


3,617 


2,143 


1,769 


2,64s 


2,034 




Dec. 


2,193 


2,337 


1,674 


898 


1,559 


2,199 


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20^ 



The Value of Bearing Castings Depends 
on What They WiU Do. 

The reason why so many large rail- 
way companies use More-Jones pro- 
ducts is that these products have dem- 
onstrated in actual service a vastly 
superior efficiency, having a real dol- 
lars and cents value. 

The proven superiority of 

"Artie" Bronze and "Tiger" Bronze 

Castings for Car, Journal and 

Locomotive Bearings 

is due not merely to the use of excel- 
lent materials and painstaking work- 
manship but also to revolutionary 
improvements in methods of casting. 
Railway companies who have made ac- 
curate comparative tests have demon- 
strated beyond question that our pat- 
ented method of casting in metallic 
molds more than doubles the efficiency 
and life of this equipment. 

It is this progressive spirit of radical 
improvement in methods of manufac- 
ture which has standardized More-Jones 
products on so many roads, not only in 
Bearing Castings for Steam Roads, but 
also in Armature and Axle Bearings 
and Trolley Wheels for Electric lines, 
as well as in many other products of 
similar character. 

The use of More-Jones products 
brings genuine advantages in better 
service and reduced maintenance costs. 

We are always willing to prove our 
case. 

MORE-JONES BRASS and METAL CO. 

ST. LOUIS, MO. 



204 



PIG TIN PRICES IN NEW YORK. 

Extreme fluctuations and yearly average 
price of Pig Tin in New York: 

Year. Highest. Lowest. Average. 

1884 19.75 16.00 18.10 

1885 23.50 16.10 19.50 

1886 23.25 20.45 21.55 

1887 37.25 21.90 24.85 

1888 37.25 16.90 26.20 

1889 22.25 19.50 20.93 

1890 25.10 19.50 21.42 

1891 22.00 19.50 20.25 

1892 22.15 19.40 20.60 

1893 21.25 18.15 20.14 

1894 20.45 1345 18.08 

1895 15.15 1300 1406 

1896 13.70 I2.62i 13.24 

1897 I4.i2i 13.OC 13.60 • 

1898 19.00 13.70 15.64 

1899 33.i2i 19.87* 27.19 

1900 35.00 25.20 30.OQ 

1901 33.50 23.i2i 26.94 

1902 30.62* 22.'60 26.95 

1903 30.80 24.95 28.19 

1904 30.12* 25.75 28.08 

1905 36.45 28.65 31-55 

1906 50.00 35.65 39-82 

1907 44.10 26.00 38.34 

1908 32.37* 26.45 29.54 

1909 34-12* 27.30 29.76 

1910 38.75 31.75 34.27 

191 1 48.50 37.60 42.68 

1912 51.05 42.05 46.43 

1913 51.00 36.75 44.32 

Average price for 30 years 26.41 

20s 



1 



BROOKS 

SOLDER AND METAL 

WORKS 

Manufacturers of 

TIN and l.e:a.d 

PRODUCTS 

Solder, Babbitt and Type 
Metals a Specialty. 

Smelters of White Metal Drosses 



BALTIMORE, MD. 



ESTABLISHED 1654 






HO. 



Tin Plates 
and Metals 



32 Cliff Street, :: New York 



206 







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207 



FOREIGN TIN PRICES. 




Yearly fluctuations of Pig Tin in 


London, 


(in pounds Sterling, per gross ton) 


• 
• 


Year. Opening. Highest. Lowest. 


Closing. 


1850 .... £ 78 £ 86 £ 70 


£ 83 


1851 . . . 


83 88 78 


82 


1852 . . . 


82 98 77 


98 


1853 .... 


98 125 97 


125 


1854 


125 126 105 


111 


1855 


111 130 104 


130 


1856 


130 143 126 


143 


1857 .... 


143 150 95 


100 


1858 .... 


100 125 100 


125 


1859 .... 


125 142 125 


135' 


1860 


135 135 129 


130 


1861 .... 


130 130 110 


117 


1862 .... 


117 119 110 


117 


1863 .... 


117 128 113 


114 


1864 .... 


114 120 87 


91 


1865 


91 97 87 


95 


1866 .... 


95 95 75 


85 


1867 .... 


85 91 83 


87 


1868 .... 


87 109 87 


108 


1869 


109 140 108 


109 


1870 .... 


109 135 103 


132 


1871 .... 


132 157 123 


144 


1872 .... 


144 160 130 


138 


1873 .... 


140 148 114 


117 


1874 .... 


117 121 87 


95 


1875 .... 


95 96 76 


80 


1876 .... 


80 81 70 


75 


1877 .... 


75 76 64 


66 


18T8 .... 


66 66 *52i 


61 


1879 .. . 


61 96 59 


92 


1880 ... 


92 101 68 


91 



208 





FOREIGN TIN 


PRICES. 




Yearly fluctuat 


ions of Tin in London (in | 


pounds Sterling, 


per gross 


ton): 




Year. 


Opening. 


Highest. 


Lowest. 


Closing. 


1881 ... 


. £92 


. £110 


£ 86 


£109 


1882 ... 


. 108 


114 


92 


92 


1883 ... 


. 93 


99 


83 


86 


1884 ... 


. 85 


87 


73 


75 


1885 ... 


. 75 


97 


74 


93 


1886 ... 


. 93 


103 


92 


100 


1887 ... 


. 100 


167 


'100 


167 


1888 ,. 


. 168 


170 


75 


100 


1889 ... 


. 99 


100 


88 


97 


1890 ... 


. 98 


104 


88 


91 


1891 ... 


. 91 


94 


89 


90 


1892 ... 


. 91 


103 


88 


91 


1893 ... 


. 91 


95 


74 


74 


1894 . . . 


. 7Z^ 


74 


6oi 


6oi 


1895 ... 


. 6oi 


68S 


58I 


59 


1896 . . . 


. 58I 


67I 


56 


583 


1897 . . . 


. 58i 


6z% 


58i 


62 g 


1898 ... 


. 63 


86^ 


62I 


86^ 


1899 . . . 


. 87i 


150I 


86i 


iii3 


1900 . . . 


. 115 


153 


io8i 


I2\l 


1901 . . . 


. I2ii 


140 


100 


io6i 


1902 . . . 


. 105I 


I37i 


looj 


I20i 


1903 . . . 


. I20i 


I4ii 


ml 


I32i 


1904 . . 


.. I33i 


I36i 


116I 


134 


1905 .. 


. . I32i 


i65§ 


129I 


i6oe 


1906 . . . 


. i6ii 


215 


i6ii 


193^ 


1907 . . . 


. 191I 


200 


ii5i 


123! 


1908 . . . 


. 121 


146I 


118 


132 


1909 . . . 


. 132! 


154 


123I 


I53i 


1910 ... 


. i52i 


176I 


I43i 


1745 


1911 .. 


.. i78i 


**233 


169I 


205 


1912 . . 


. . 201 


233 


183I 


229^ 


1913 .. 


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232 


166J 


1 69 J 


* Lov 


i^est. ** 


Highest. 




^ 



209 



FOREIGN TIN PRICES. 



Average yearly price of Tin in London: 

1883 £93 5s od 

1884 81 

1885 86 12 6 

1886 97 6 C 

1887 Ill 15 

1888 117 10 

1889 93 9 

1890 94 3 6 

1891 91 3 

1892 93 6 8 

1893 85 7 7 

1894 68 14 2 

1895 63 7 1 

1896 59 . 9 11 

1897 61 8 

1898 71 4 1 

1899 122 8 7 

1900 133 11 6 

1901 118 12 8 

1902 120 14 5 

1903 127 6 5 

1904 126 14 8 

1905 143 1 8 

1906 180 12 11 

1907 172 12 9 

1908 133 2 6 

1909 134 15 6. 

1910 155 6 2 

1911 192 7 7 

1912 209 6 6 

1913 201 9 6 

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211 



The im Mm k 

B. LISSBERGER & CO., Props. 



DEALERS IN 



METALS 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

Solder and Babbitt Metal 

Stereotype^ Electro and Lino Hetak 



SMELTERS OF DROSSES 



/ 



OFFICE AND WORKS: 

738-740 E. 14th St., M^^^^ V^^rL 
733-739 E. 13th St., l>ieW I OlK 



212 



U. S. LEAD PRODUCTION. 

(Domestic production; toils of 2,000 lbs.) 

1830-9 122,500 1890 143*630 

1840-9 247,000 1891 178,554* 

1850-9 168,800 1892 173,305 

1893 163,982 

i860 15,600 1894 159,351 

1861 14,100 1895 165,709 

1862 14,200 1896 187,256* 

1863 14,800 1897 207,365* 

1864 15,300 1898 210,676* 

1865 14,700 1899 208,466 

1866 16,100 • 

1867 15,200 1890-9 1,798,294 

1868 16,400 

1869 17,500 1900 270,824* 

. 1901 269,266 

1860-9 153,900 1902 276,455* 

1903 290,194* 

1870 17,830 1904 308,603* 

1871 20,000 1905 318,509* 

1872 25,880 1906 336,200* 

1873 42,540* 1907 352,381* 

1874 , 52,080* 1908 311,666 

1875 59,640* 1909 352,839* 

1876 64,070* 

1877 81,900* 1900-9 3,086,937 

1878 91,060* 

1879 92,780* 1910 375,402* 
191 1 391,995* 

1870-9 547,780 1912 392,517* 

1880 1^* '^'^ ^''^^''* 

1881 117,085* 

'l«^ '^^'n?^* * Record years. 

1883 143,957* 

1884 139,897 

1885 129,412 

1886 130,629 

1887 145,700* 

1888 151,919* 

1889 156,397 * 

1880-9 1,345,711 



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219 



RIGHT QUALITY AT RIGHT PRICE 



Solder, Babbitts, Type Metals, 

White Metal Alloys, 
Lead, Tin, Spelter, Antimony 



made by 

MARKS LISSBERGER&SON, Inc. 

Long Island City, N. Y. 



^^ For a half century we have 
been axjknowledged to set the Stand- 
ard of Quality for SOLDER which 
we make in every form, shape and 
mixture. 



220 



LEAD PRICES IN NEW YORK. 

Highest, lowest and average prices of 
Pig Lead in New York: 

Year. Highest. Lowest. Average. 

1884 4.50 3-37i 374 

1885 4.67 3.55 3.95 

1886 4.95 400 463 

1887 5.15 4.15 4.50 

1888 5.25 3.60 4.42 

1889 410 3-62i 3-93 

1890 5.25 377i 448 

1891 4.62i 4.05 4.3s 

1892 4.22i 3 72i 4-09 

1893 4.15 3-22i 373 

1894 365 3.02i 3.29 

1895 3.55 3.02i 3.23 

1896 3.2s 2.67i 2.98 

1897 440 300 3.58 

1898 4.i2i 3.55 378 

1899 477i 3-92i 4-47 

1900 475 375 4.41 

1901 4.37i 400 436 

1902 4.15 4-00 4.10 

1903 4.70 4.10 4-26 

1904 4.60 4-10 4.32 

1905 6.2s 4 45 470 

1906 6.35 5.35 5.66 

1907 6.3s 350 5.35 

1908 4.60 365 '4.23 

1909 475 3-95 4.30 

1910 475 4.37i 4-49 

1911 4.60 4.25 446 

1912 515 4.00 448 

1913 485 4-00 440 

Average price, 30 years 4.22 



22\ 




f''01d Coketown" is our registered 
Trade Mark. It is on every bar of 
Babbitt Metal that we make — put there 
for your protection— so you can distin- 
guish our Babbitts from inferior makes. 
This is not a name for a Babbitt but a 
Trade Mark — a guarantee to you that 
when you buy any one of our brands 
you are getting a metal that cannot be 
surpassed. It will pay you to INSIST 
onBabbitt Metal bearing — "Old Coke- 



Soid Everywhere — Insist. 



Riverside Metal 

Refining Company 

CONNELLSVILLE, PA. 



LEAD PRICE CHANGES. 



American Smelting 
tations for 50 ton lots 

1905. 
Opening price 4.60 

Jan. 23, 4.45 

Mar. 20, 450 

July 25 4.60 

Aug. 24 485 

Nov. I, 5.15 

" 16, 5.2s 

Dec. 4, 5.35 

" 21, S.60 

1906 

Feb. 14, 5.35 

April 20, 5.50 

May 3, 560 

" 12, 5.75 

Dec. 13, 6.00 

1907. 
June 3 575 

July 3, 5.25 

Sept. 6, 4.75 

Nov. 18, withdrawn. 

1908. — Open market. 

1909. 

Opening price 4.20 

Feb. 5, 410 

" 23, 4.00 

Mar. 29, 4.10 

April 12, 4.15 

" 15 4-20 

May 6, 425 

" 12, 4.30 

" 27, 4.35 

Aug. 12, 4.40 

Dec. 9, 4.50 

" 15, 4.60 

Dec. 20 4.70 



& Refining Co.'s 
f.o.b. New York 
T910. 

Mar. 14, 

*• 21, 

May 4, 

" 10, 

Nov. 18, 

1911. 

Oct. 5, 

" 10, 

Nov. 10, 

" 27, 

1912. 

Jan. 30, 

Feb. 3. 

" 5, 

Mar. 20, 

" 21 

June 12, 

July 3 

Aug. 5, 

26, 

30, 

Sept. 9 

Nov 4, 

" 21, 

Dec. 3, 

T913. 

April 22 

May 5 

July 29 

Aug. 15 

Oct. I 



quo- 



it 



(( 



(( 



8 



" 16 
Nov. 26 
Dec. 2 . 

" 9 . 
•• 24 
" 29 



4.60 
4.50 

4.45 
4.40 
4.50 

4.35 
4.25 
4.35 
4-45 

4.25 
4.10 
4.00 
4.10 
4.20 
4.50 

4.7s 
4.50 

4.65 
4.8s 
5.10 

4.75 
4.50 

4.35 

4.50 
4.35 
4.50 

4.75 
4.60 

4.50 
4.35 
4.25 
4.10 
4.00 
4.10 
4.1S 



223 



Henry Qreve, Pres. 

Edwin J. Greve, Treas. 

Robt. F. Greve, Sec. 




Established i860 — Incorporated 1890 

Pierce Building 
ST. LOUIS, MO. 



PIG LEAD 
SPELTER 



q Please ask us for Prices 
when you are ready to buy. 



22^ 



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Highest Quality Capacity Unlimited 



Ferro- Alloys 

Vanadium 
Tungsten 

Primos Molybdenum 

Piimos Cobalt 

Primos Boron Alloy 



Primos Chemical Co. 

Primosy Del. Co., Pa. 



%M)k 




METALS, ALLOYS 
and BY-PRODUCTS 

Special Attention to 

RED and WHITE METALS 

Q Yearly Contracts for 
Plants at Lowest Rates. 

C. L CONSTANT CO. 

I 42 New Street, New York Gty 

226 



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^ 




For leclaimiug brass 
from brass ashes, 
akimnUDgs, etc. 
MADE IN THREE SIZES 
Patented July 3, 1906. July 16, 1907 
Patents pending 
These crushers are fumiihed with our 
patented steel linings and patented 
•teel crushiiig rotleri 

O. J. MOUSSETTE CO, Inc. 

BROOKLYN, N. Y. 



^/it'S'nuCtyMact. 

The AnnacAN^ETAi Markt 

DAHirlRONAiroSTKlRlPORT 



C0HPARI80H OF DOMESTIC AND 
FOREIGN LEAD PRICES. 

{Exchange— $4.85) 
Price Per Pound. 
New York. London. Difterence. 



1800 5.04c 

1881 4.81 

1882 491 

1883 432 

1884 3.74 

iffs 3.9s 

1886 463 

18^ 4.S0 

1888 4 42 

1889 3.93 

1890 4.48 

1891 '4 35 

1892 4^09 

1893 373 

1894 329 

111:::::: '^ 

'8» 3.58 

1898 3.78 

1899 4-47 

1900 4.41 

1901 4-36 

1902 4.10 

1903 4-26 

1904 4-32 

1905 4-70 

1906 5.66 

1907 S.35 

1908 4.23 

1909 4-30 

1910 449 

igii 4.46 

1913 4-48 

1913 440 



2.05 
2J4 

2.64 
2.82 
3.22 
3.69 
2.72 
2.45 
2.51 
3.6q 
2.9S 
3-77 
4-15 



"TRAIL 



99 



LEAD 



Smelted and Refined 

FROM 

British Columbian 

ORES 



EXCELS for PURITY 



Agents f 

THOMAS ROBERTSON 

& G>. Lumted 

p. 0. Bn 24ia MONTREAL 



ijf^ 



LEAD 


PRICES 


IN LONDON. 




Monthly average 


price 


of 


foreign 


lead. 








1912. 






1913. 




January 


• • • 


£1 


5 


IIS 


2d 


£17 


2S 


Id 


February 


• • 


1 


5 


13 


9 






16 : 


[I 





March . . 


• • 


1 


5 


19 


8 






IS : 


19 


6 


April . . . 


• • • 


16 


6 


6 






17 : 


[2 


3 


May .... 


• • 


16 


10 


2 






18 ] 


[8 


2 


June . . . 




17 
18 


II 


7 
8 






20 


4 



6 


July 


• • 


8 






20 


9 


August . 


• • • 


19 


5 


7 






20 


8 





September . 


21 


8 


II 






20 


8 


7 


October 


• • 


20 


7 


II 






20 


6 


I 


November . 


18 


4 


7 






19 


6 


3 


December . i 
Year .... i 
Yearly fluctuj 


[8 


I 


6 


• 




17 


[6 


5 


7 
itio 


15 


10 


18 


14 


5 


ns: 






High. 




Low 


• 


Average. | 


1891.. £ 


:i2 


17s 


6d 


£ 


II 


5s 


od 


£12 


5s 


lod 


1892., 




II 


6 


3 




9 


16 


3 


ID 


9 


7 


1893.. 




10 


7 


6 




9 


2 


6 


9 


13 


10 


1894.. 




10 


2 


6 




9 








9 


9 


S 


1895.. 




II 


13 


9 




9 


10 





10 


9 


10 


1896.. 




II 


15 







10 


16 


3 


II 


5 


li 


1897.. 




14 


5 







II 


10 





12 


7 


4 


1898.. 




14 


15 







12 


6 


3 


12 


19 


8 


1899.. 




17 


12 


6 




13 


I 


3 


14 


18 


8 


1900.. 




18 










16 








16 


19 


9 


T901.. 




16 


7 


6 




10 


3 


9 


12 


10 


S 


1902 . . 




II 


17 


6 




ID 


2 


6 


II 


5 


3 


1903.. 




13 


15 







10 


18 


9 


II 


II 


7 


1904.. 




13 


2 


6 




II 


7 


6 


II 


19 


8 


1905 . . 




17 


17 


6 




II 


18 


9 


13 


14 


5 


1906.. 




20 


5 







15 


7 


6 


17 


7 





1907.. 




22 


5 







13 








19 


I 


9 


1908. . 




15 


2 


6 




12 


7 


6 


13 


10 


5 


T909.. 




14 


2 


6 




12 


6 


3 


13 


I 


8 


1910. . 




13 


17 


6 




12 


6 


3 


12 


19 


I 


1911. 




15 


18 


9 




12 


15 





13 


19 


3 


1912. 




23 


15 







15 


10 





17 


IS 


10 


1913- 




21 


10 







15 


8 


9 


18 


14 


S 



231 



I 

Beer, Sondheimer&Co. 

42 Broadway, 
NEW YORK. 



SELLERS OF 



Copper, 
Spelter, 
Antimony, 
Aluminum, 

ANTIMONIAL LEAD, 
ZINC DUST and ARSENIC 



Selling Agents For 

National Zinc Company, 

Works at Bartlesville, Oklahoma 
Springfield, 111. Argentine, Va. 



232 



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L Vogelstein & Co. 

42 BROADWAY 
NEW YORK 



Sole Agents for 

Williams Harvey & Go's 

LAMB& FLAG TIN 



Sellers of 



Copper — ^Tin — Spelter 

Lead, Antimony and 

Antimonial Lead 

Buyers of 

Argentiferous and Auriferous 
Ores, Matte, Bullion, 
Lead and Zinc Ores 



AGENTS FOR 

Aaron Hirsch & Sohn, 

Halberstadt, Germany. 

United States Metal Refining Co., 

Chrome, N. J., and Grasselli, Ind. 

American Zinc and Lead Smelting Co., 

Smelters, Caney, Bearing, Kas. and Hillsboro, 111. 



234 



u. s. 


SPELTER 


PRODUCTION. 




(Tons of i 


2,000 lbs.) 




1873 


7,343* 


1901 


140,822* 


1874 


10,000* 


1902 


156,927* 


187s 


15,833* 


1903 


159,219* 


1876 


16,000* 


1904 


186,702* 


1877 


17,500* 


1905 


203,849* 


1878 


19,000* 


1906 


224,770* 


1879 


21,000* 


1907 


249,860* 


1880 


23,239* 


1908 


210,424 


« 




1909 


255,760* 




1873-80 

a 

1881 


129,915 


1910 
1901-10 


269,184* 


30,000* 


2,057,517 


1882 


33,765* 








1883 


36,872* 


1911 


286,526* 


1884 


38,544* 


1912 


338,806* 


1885 


40,688* 


1913 


345,575* 


1886 


42,641* 






1887 


50,340* 






1888 


55,903* 






1889 


58,860* 






1890 


63,683* 










♦ 'Per'^**'^ v*»Qrc 1 


1881-90 
189I 


451,296 


(Since ] 


[904 includes 


80,873* 


1892 


87,260* 


spelter 


made from 


1893 


78,832 


foreign 


ore). 


1894 


75,328 




• 


189s 


89,686* 






1896 


81,499 






1897 


99,980* 






1898 


115,399* 






1899 


129,051* 






1900 
1891-00 


123,886 






961,794 



^3S 



AMERICAN 

TmCj Lead and Smelting 
Company 



Boston, Mass. 
St. Louis, Mo. 
Carterville, Mo. 
Hillsborough, 111. 

Caney and Bearing, Kas. 
Mascot, Tenn. 

Platterville, Wis. 
Denver, Col. 



SPELTER 

SULPHURIC ACID 
ZnSfC and LEAD 

ORES 



336 



CO 

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a$7 



Telephone, Monroe 3571 

Sandoval Zinc Co, 

General Office 

410 N. PEORIA ST. 
CHICAGO 



Smelters of 



H^h Grade Spelter, Pig Lead 
and Antimonial Lead 



Chemical Department, 

ISast St. Louis, Illinois 

Phone Bridge 1519 Lock Box 163 



Manufacturers of 

Soldering and Tinning Flux, in liquid 
fomiy suitable for can manufac- 
turers, sheet iron works, etc., Tin- 
ning flux, suitable for tinplate 
manufacturers. 

I 

238 



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340 



EXPORTS OF ZINC ORE AND 
SPELTER. 



Exports of domestic zinc ore and of plates, 
sheets, pigs and bars of domestic manufac- 
ture, in tons of 2,000 lbs. 

Plates, sheets, 





Zinc 


Ore. 


pigs 


or bars. 




Tons. 


Value. 


Tons. 


Value. 


1902.. 


55,733 $ 


1,449,104 


3,237 


$300,557 


1903 . . 


39,41 1 


987,000 


1,521 


163,379 


1904.. 


35,911 


905,782 


10,147 


1,094,490 


1905 . . 


30,946 


848,451 


5,516 


682,254 


1906 . . 


27,720 


733,300 


4,670 


583,526 


1907.. 


20,352 


579,490 


563 


75,194 


1908 . . 


26,108 


877,745 


2,640 


250,254 


1909.. 


12,455 


412,300 


2,566 


263,010 


I9I0.. 


19,711 


649,425 


3,990 


426,560 


I9II.. 


18,281 


642,884 


6,872 


810,099 


I9I2.. 


23,349 


823,997 


6,634 


864,292 


I9I3*. 


15,815 


631,991 


7,714 


946,308 


IMPORTS 


OF ZINC ORE 


AND 






SPELTER 





(In tons of 2,000 lbs.) 

Zinc Ore. 

Total Zinc Block or pigs 

ore. content. and sheets. 

Tons. Tons. Tons. 

1902 516 

1904... 2,264 358 

1905... 22,137 442 

1906... 55,414 1,043 

1907.. 103,117 1,761 

1908... 53,757 813 

1909.. 114,850 9,536 

1910... 72,626 25,439 1,244 

1911- •• 39,116 15,933 614 

1912... 43,940 17,657 11,447 

1913... 24,683 12,040 6,055 



Value. 

$44,875 
27,698 

36,441 
48,248 

243,868 

227,632 

82,730 

818,597 

132,151 

93,533 
1,341,647 

657,658 



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SPELTER 

For all Purposes 

Including the Famous 

HORSE HEAD 

AND 

BERTHA 

HIGH GRADE BRANDS 



OXIDE OF ZINC 

SULPHURIC ACID 

SPIEGELEISEN 



The New Jersey Zinc Co. 

55 WALL STREET 
NEW YORK CITY 



244 



GRADES OF PRIMARY SPELTER. 



The American Society for Testing Ma- 
terials adopted, in June, 191 1, the follow- 
ing standard specifications for primary or 
virgin spelter: 

Total 
Maximum Impurities, not 
Lead. Iron. Cadmium, over. 
High grade* 0.07 0.03 0.05 o.io 
Intermediate* 0.20 0.03 0.50 0.50 
Brass special* 0.75 0.04 0.75 1.20 
Prime western 1.50 0.08 

*To be free of aluminum. 

Marks: A brand shall be cast in each slab 
by which the maker and grade can be iden- 
tified. 

Lots: The maker shall use care to have 
each carload of as uniform a quality as 
possible. 

Physical: The slabs must be reasonably 
free from surface corrosion or adhering 
foreign matter. 

Sampling: Not less than 10 slabs shall be 
taken as a sample from each car; for small- 
er lots in the same proportion to the total 
number, but in no case less than 3 slabs. In 
case of dispute half of the sample is to be 
taken by the maker and half by the pur- 
chaser; the whole to be mixed. 

The slabs selected as samples are to be 
sawed completely across and the sawdust 
used as a sample. In case no saw is avail- 
able for this purpose the slabs should be 
drilled completely through and the drillings 
cut up into short lengths. The saw or drill 
used must be thoroughly cleaned. No lubri- 
cant shall be used in either sawing or drill- 
ing and the sawdust or drilling must be 
carefully treated with a magrnet to remove 
any particles of iron derived from the to<A%. 



\ 



MS 



ESTABUSHED 1865 

Granby Mining and 
Smelting Company 

SMELTERS OF THE GRANBY BRANDS 

OF 

Soft Missouri Pig Lead 
High Grade Spelter 

For Quotations Address 

Granby Mining & Smelting Co. 

Sale 1705-1* TKrf RaiiNal ink BiiMi« 

ST. LOUIS» MO. 

OR 



Robert W. Conklin, Agent 

165 BROADWAY 
NEW YORK 



Z 



246 



SPELTER PRICES IN NEW YORK* 

Highest, lowest and average yearly prices 
of spelter in New York. 

Year. Highest. Lowest. Average. 

1884 4.62^ 4.00 4.44 

1885 4*62i 4.00 4.34 

1886 4.60 4.25 4.40 

1887 S.62i 4.40 4.62i 

1888 5.50 450 4-91 

1889 5.40 4.62i 5.02 

1890 6.i7i 5.00 5.55 

1891 6.00 4.65 5.02 

1892 4.90 4.35 4.63 

1893 4.50 3.55 4.08 

1894 4.00 3.25 3.52 

1895 4.35 3.10 3.63 

1896 4.25 3.60 3.94 

1897 4.35 3.75 4.12 

1898 5.30 3.87i 4.57 

1899 700 4.45 S.75 

1900 4.80 4.10 4.40 

1901 "•4.50 3.90 4.o8i 

1902 5.62^ 4.10 4.90 

1903 6.25 4.70 5.62 

1904 6.i2i 4.75 5.17 

1905 6.65 5.30 6.00 

1906 6.85 6.00 6.27i 

1907 7.25 4.35 6.2oi 

1908 5.i7i 4.3s 4.74 

1909 6.50 4.75 5.52 

1910 6.35 5.25 5.66 

1911 7.00 5.50 5.91 

1912 7.65 6.45 7.11 

1913 7.35 5.10 5.80 

Average for 30 years 5.00 



2A7 



The Grasselli 



Chemical 
Company 



Ifanufacturers of 

HIGH GRADE 

BRASS MILL SPECL\L 

PRIME WESTERN 
SPELTER 

Also 

Cadmium, Zinc Anodes, Battery 

Zincs, Zinc Dust, Sherard- 

izing Zinc. 



Sulphuric Acid, Muriatic Acid, Sal 

Ammoniac, Grasselli Tinning Flux 

and other heavy chemicals. 



The Grasselli Chemical Co. 

SALES OFFICES 

CLEVELAND, 0. NEW YORK CIH 

784 The Arcade 80 Maiden Lane 



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La Salle, 



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Smelters of 



SPELTER 

Choice Brass Special 

and Manufacturers of 



Sheet Zinc and Sulphuric 

Acid, Zinc for Leclanch 

Battery 



Special sizes of Zinc cut t^) order. 
Rolled Battery Plates. Selected 
Plates for etchers' and lithographers' 
use. Selected Sheets for paper and 
card makers' use. Stove and wash 
board blanks. 



250 



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Illinois 
Zinc Company 

PERU, ILL 



li4lanulactuFeFS Of 



Spelter 

Sheet Zinc 

Strip Zinc 

Sulphuric Acid 



Eastern Sales Agenb 
W. FISHER, 

81 and 83 Fulton Street, 
NEW YORK CITY. 

Telephone, 139 Beekman. 
252 



SHEET ZINC PRICE CHANGES. 

Changes in the base price of Sheet Zinc 
f.o.b. smelter, Illinois district, with price of 
Spelter East St. Louis, same date: 
Sheet Sheet 

1904 — Zinc. Spelter. 1910 — Zinc. Spelter. 



17 
21 

28 

24, 

30 



Nov. 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

Dec. 

1905— 

Jan. 9. . 

May 12 

June I. 

July 31 

Aug. II 

Dec. 2. 

1906 — 

Jan. 8. 

Feb. 

May 

June 

June 

July 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

Dec. 

1907— 

Jan. 8 . . 

Feb. 16 

Mar. 

July 

Aug. 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Nov. 

1909— 
Mar. 8. 
June 14 
Aug. 3. 
Aug. 14 
Oct. II 



6. 
18 
II 

19 
?. 

17. 
8. 

15 



27 

19 

5. 
20. 

14 
25 



6.70 
6.80 
7.00 
7.10 

7.25 

7.50 

7.25 
7.00 

7.25 
7.50 

7.75 

8.00 

7.75 
7.65 

7.75 
7.90 

7.75 
7.90 
8.00 
8.10 
8.25 

8.40 
8.50 
8.60 

8.35 
8.10 

7.75 
7.50 
7.00 

6.75 
7.00 

7.25 
7.50 
775 



5.40 

5.55 
5.60 

5.80 
6.00 

6.10 

5.40 

5.10 

5.50 

5.75 
6.25 

6.55 
5.97i 
5.85 
6.10 

6.10 

5.87i 
6.20 

6.30 
6.50 
6.50 

6.65 
6.80 

6.75 
5.90 

5.75 

5.55 
5.02i 

4.72i 

4.65 
5.30 
5.40 
5.62i 

5.95 



Feb. 


7" 


7.50 


5.65 


Mar. 


7.. 


7.75 


5.60 


April 


28. 


7.50 


5.i2i 


Oct. 


26. 


7.75 


5.65 


Dec. 


24. 


7.50 


5.374 


1911- 


- 






Apri] 


7.. 


7.25 


5.27i 


June 


22. 


7.50 


5.65 


Aug. 


4 


7.75 


5.80 


Aug. 


14. 


8.00 


5.95 


Nov. 


18. 


8.25 


6.55 


Nov. 


25. 


8.50 


6.75 


Dec. 


II. 


8.25 


6.10 


Dec. 


27. 


8.00 


6.20 


191 2- 


— 






Feb. 


14. 


8.25 


6.45 


Mar. 


8.. 


8.50 


6.75 


Mar. 


21. 


8.65 


6.67i 


July 


8.. 


8.75 


7-02h 


Sept. 


12. 


8.90 


7'37i 


Sept. 


25. 


9.00 


7A2h 


1913- 


— 






Feb. 


3.. 


8.75 


6.60 


Feb. 


17. 


8.50 


6.20 


Feb. 


26. 


8.25 


6.07i 


Mar. 


31. 


8.00 


5.80 


Aprl 


22. 


7.75 


5.45 


May 


20. 


7.50 


5.30 


June 


7.. 


7.25 


5.10 


June 


26. 


7.00 


5.05 


July 


23. 


7.25 


5.22i 


July 


30. 


7.50 


5.42i 


Aug. 


IS. 


7.75 


5.65 


Aug. 


29. 


8.00 


S.80 


Oct. 


6.. 


7.75 


5.37J 


Oct. 


16. 


7.50 


5.17J 


Dec. 


3.. 


7-25 


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256 



WATERBURY 

1908. 1909. 


SPELTER / 


LVERAGE. 

1912. 1913. 


1910. 


1911. 


Jan. 4.79 


547* 


6.48 


5-77 


6.78 


7.56 


Feb. 5.10 


5.28 


6.01 


S.78 


6.8s 


6.81 


Mar. S.06 


5.07 


5.Q8 


6.01 


7.17 


6.s6 


Apr. 4.95 


5.21 


5.85 


5.85 


7.07 


6.08 


May 4.90 


S.37 


5.7s 


5.76 


7.13 


S.7.7 


June 4.85 


5.70 


S.70 


.5.89 


7.25 


5.50 


July 4.7s 


5.71 


5.70 


6.1 1 


7.46 


5.61 


Aug. 5.CX) 


5.97 


5.80 


6.29 


7.34 


S.99 


Sep. 5.05 


6.07 


S.95 


6.29 


7-72 


6.13 


Oct. 5.07 


6.41 


6.10 


6.49 


7.83 


5.74 


Nov. 5.32 


6.70 


6.27i 


6.90 


7.74 


5.60 


Dec. S.45 


6.60 


6.10 


6.81 


7.65 


5.44 


Av. . 5.02 
EXPOi 


5.80 


5.97 


6.16 


7-33 
iM Ni 


6.o6i 
SW 


^TS OF ZINC FRO 




SOU' 

(Tons 


IH WALES. 






\ of 2,000 lbs.) 



Concentrates. Zinc Content. 

1904 64,514 24,996 

1905 115,956 34,313 

1906 114,984 37438 

1907 264,601 85,842 

J908 309,044 127,515 

1909 418,775 161,300 

1910 524,862 207,085 

191 1 578,343 213,321 

1912 582,980 217,520 



aS7 



X 



PRICES OF FOREIGN AND 
DOMESTIC SPELTER. 

Compiled from annual averages. 

Price per Pound (Exchange $4.87). 

New York. London. Difference. 

1884 4.44c 3.14c 1.30c 

1885 .....••. 4.34 3.04 1.30 

1886 4.40 3.10 1.30 

1887 4.62i 3.30 i.32i 

i88« 4.91 3.93 .98 

1889 5.02 4.30 .72 

1890 5-55 S.05 .50 

1891 5.02 5.05 —.03 

1892 4.63 4.52 .11 

1893 4.08 3.78 .30 

1894 3.52 3.35 .17 

1895 3.63 3.17 .46 

1896 3.94 3.60 .34 

1897 4.12 3.80 .32 

1898 457 4.44 .13 

1899 5.75 540 .35 

1900 4.40 4.40 

1901 4o8i 3.70 .38^ 

1902 4.90 4-03 -87 

1903 562 4.56 1.06 

1904 5-^7 491 -26 

1905 6.00 5.51 .49 

1906 6.27i 5.88 .39i 

1907 6.2oi S.18 i.02i 

1908 4-74 4.38 .36 

1909 552 4.82 .70 

19T0 5.66 5.01 .65 

191 1 S.91 5.49 .42 

1912 7." 574 1.37 

1913 580 4.94 .86 



258 



SPELTER PRICES 


IN 


LONDON. 


Monthly average prices 


. of good ordinary 


brands of spelter. 












1912. 




1 


1913. 


January 


. . . £26 


9S IK 


i 


£26 2S 3d 


February 


26 


6 5 






25 69 


March . 


25 


19 II 






24 12 I 


April . . . 


25 


8 II 






25 6 3 


May . . . 


25 


II 2 






24 II 8 


June . . . 


. . . 2^ 


II II 






22 3 4 
20 II 10 


July .... 


• • • %j 

.. 25 


13 I 






August . 


26 


I 2 






20 14 3 


September . 26 


17 






21 2 II 


October 


27 


5 10 






20 12 3 


November . 26 


14 3 






20 12 


December . . 26 
Average . . 26 
Yearly fluctuatioi 


4 
3 3 


• 




21 4 


22 14 II 


IS. 




High. 


Low 


• 


Average. 


1892.. £22 15s od 


£18 


OS 


Od 


£20 1 6s od 


1893. 




18 7 6 


16 


10 





17 8 


1894. 




16 7 6 


14 


5 





15 8 7 


1895. 




15 8 9 


13 


10 





14 12 2 


1896. 




18 15 


14 


2 


6 


16 li 10 


1897. 




18 2 6 


16 


15 





17 9 10 


1898. 




24 15 


17 


17 


6 


20 8 9 


1899. 




28 15 


19 


IS 





24 17 2 


1900. 




22 IS 


18 


10 





20 s 6 


1901. 




18 18 9 


16 








17 7 


1902.. 




19 17 6 


16 


7 


6 


18 10 II 


1903. 




23 18 9 


19 


IS 





20 19 5 


1904. 




25 10 


21 


2 


6 


22 II 10 


1905. 




29 2 6 


23 


5 





25 7 7 


1906. 




29 10 


24 








27 I 6 


1907.. 




28 2 6 


19 


10 





23 16 9 


1908.. 




21 17 6 


18 








20 3 6 


1909.. 




23 6 3 


21 


I 


3 


22 2 II 


1910., 




24 5 


21 


12 


6 


23 


1911.. 




27 17 6 


22 


17 


6 


25 3 2 


1912.. 




27 12 6 


25 








26 3 3 


^913.. 


26 5 


20 


5 





22 14, 11- 



2S9 



ALUMINUM 



Ingots Sheet 

Wire 

Bars Tubing 



Aluminuin Wire and 
Cable for Electrical 
Conductors :: :: :: 



ALUMINUM COMPANY 

OF AMERICA 

PITTSBURG, PA. 



260 



PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION 

OF ALUMINUM IN THE 

UNITED STATES. 

Pounds. 

1883-S 516 

1886 3,000 

1887 18,000 

1888 19,000 

1889 • 47,468 

1890 61,281 

1891 150,000 

1892 259,885 

1893 333,629 

1894 550,000 

1895 920,000 

1896 1,300,000 

1897 4,000,000 

1898 5,200,000 

1899 6,500,000 

1900 7,150,000 

1901 7,150,000 

1902 7,300,000 

1903 7,500,000 

1904 Consumption 8,600,000 

1905 " 11,347,000 

1906 " 14,910,000 

1907 " 17,211,000 

1908 *' 11,152,000 

1909 " 34,210,000 

1910 " 47,734,000 

1911 " 46,125,000 

1912 " 65,607,000 

1913 " (estimated) . . . 73,000,000 

Total :5>7&^^'t.^cn^ 

261 



\ 



Giiiterman Rosenfeld & Co. 

35 South William Street 

NEW YORK 

London Hamburg 



/ 



IMPORT BRS 

ALUMINUM 

Virgin Ingots Pure Sheets 

Strip Coils Circles 

Tubing Extruded Shapes 

Shot Foil Powder 



PLATINUM 

Iridium Palladium 

Sheets Wire 



Tungsten Cobalt 

And other metals used by makers 
of hig^h g^rade steels 

Chinese Tin 



262 



ALUMINUM PRICES. 

Monthly average prices of pure aluminum 
(98-99%) in New York. 

1909. 1910. 1911. 1912 1913. 

Jan 24.00 22.37 21.98 18.75 26.31 

Feb 23.50 24.00 2149 18.75 26.20 

Mar 23.00 23.94 21.25 18.94 26.72 

April 23.00 23.75 21.25 19-58 26.91 

May 23.00 23.68 20.94 20.70 25.95 

June 22.34 23.02 20.06 21.92 24.79 

July 22.50 22.80 20.00 22.99 23.34 

Aug. 23.06 22.35 19.98 23.75 22.73 

Sept 23.50 22.25 19.80 24.50 22.00 

Oct 23.50 22.26 19.32 26.83 20.32 

Nov 23.50 22.78 19.25 27.06 19.49 

Dec. 23.24 22.61 18.80 26.46 18.85 



Year 23.18 22.97 20.34 22.52 23.63 



FOREIGN PRICES OF ALUMINUM. 

Approximate yearly average prices of 
aluminum at European works, as reported 
by the Metallgesellschaft. 

Marks. Equivalent 

per kilo cents per lb. 

1900 2.00 21.58 

1901 2.00 21.58 

1902 2.3s 25.37 

1903 2.35 25.37 

1904 2.35 25.37 

1905 3.50 3778 

1906 3.50 37.78 

1907 3.50 Z7'7^ 

1908 1.75 18.89 

1909 1.35 1456 

1910 1.45 15.65 

1911 1.20 12.95 

1912 1.50 16.18 



26^ 



The Bradford Company 

752 Broadway, New York 

Importers of 




Ingots Rods 

Sheets 
Tubes Wire 



C W. Leavitt & G>. 

30 Church St., New York 

ORES -METALS -ALLOYS 

Agents for 

"H.H/' Brand French 

ANTIMONY 

and 

GIROD 

ELECTRIC STEEL FURNACE 
/ AND FERRO ALLOYS 

204 



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/ 



IMPORTS OF ANTIMONY. 

(In pounds) 

Metal and Crude. 

Years. regulus. and ore. 

1900 3,654,822 6,089,134 

1901 3.640,505 1,682,301 

1902 5,388,739 3,129,069 

1903 4,694,309 2,714,617 

1904 4,268,045 2,488,518 

1905 4,941,247 1,970,788 

1906 10,305,734 1,972,658 

1907 9,600,901 2,771,387 

1908 8,089,915 3,287,218 

1909 9,557,956 3,453,542 

1910 metal contents 9,899,514 

191 1 '* 10,957,844 

1912 " 17,645,870 

1913* " 12,810,829 

♦ Eleven months. 



PRODUCTION OF ANTIMONIAL 
LEAD IN THE UNITED STATES. 

(In tons of 2,000 Ibs.y 



1900 
1901 
1902 

1903 
1904 

1905 
1906 

1907 
1908 

1909 
1910 
1911 



1913 

266 



itimonial 


Antimony 


lead. 


contents. 


9,906 




10,656 




9,169 




9,579 




11,001 




10,995 




10,546 




9,910 


1,561 


13,629 


2,440 


12,896 


2,360 


14,069 


2,229 


14,078 


2,254 


13,552 
16,3.18 


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269 



PRODUCTION OF SILVER IN 
THE UNITED STATES. 



^ 



Production of Silver in the United States 

as reported by the Director of the Mint (in 

fine ounces): 

Commercial 

Year. Quantity. Value. 

1880 30,318,700 $34,717,000 

1881 33,257,800 37,657,500 

1«82 36,196.900 41.105,^00 

1883 35,732,800 39.618,400 

1884 37,743,800 41.921.300 

1885 39,909,400 42,503,500 

1886 39.694,000 39,482.400 

1887 41,721,600 40,887,200 

1888 45.792.700 43,045.100 

1889 50,094,600 46,838.400 

1890 54,516.300 57,242,100 

1891 58.330,000 57,630,000 

1892 63,500,000 55,662.500 

1893 60,000,000 46,800,000 

1894 49.500,000 31,422.100 

1895 55,727,000 36,445,500 

1896 58,834,800 39,654,600 

1897 53,860,000 32,316,000 

1898 54.438,000 32,118,400 

18W 54,764,500 32,858,700 

1900 57,647,000 35.741,100 

1901 55,214,000 33,128,400 

1902 55,500,000 29.415,000 

1903 54,300,000 29,322,000 

1904 57,682,800 33,456,000 

1905 56,101,600 34,222.000 

1906 56,517,900 38,256.400 

1907 56,514,700 37,299,700 

1908 52,440,800 28,050,600 

1909 64,721,500 28,455,200 

1910 57,137.900 30.845,500 

1911 60,399,400 32,615,700 

1912 63,766,800 39,197,500 

Total 1,664,093,500 1,259,940,700 

270 









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271 



WORLD'S PRODUCTION OF GOLD. 


The record of gold outDUt of the world 


since the aold discove 


ies of 1848 in Austra- 


lia and California is g 
for years 1849 to 187 


ven below. Estimates 


3 are from a British 


Parhamentary report 


of 1876, based on the 


figures of Tookc, Newmarch, and the Lon- 


don Economist. For 


1873 and afterwards 


they are derived from the United States 


Mint reports. 






Gold output 


1849 .... $27,100,000 


18S1 ... $103,023,000 


18 ;a 


... 44,450,000 


1882 ... 


. 101,996,000 


1851 


. . . 67,600,000 


1883 .. 


. 9S.392.ooo 


1852 


... 135.150,000 


1884 .. 


. 101,729.000 


1853 


... 140,400,000 


1885 .. 


. 108.435,000 


1854 


. . , 141,400,000 


1886 .. 


. 106,163,000 


I8S5 


... 151,200,000 


1887 .. 


. 105,775,000 


1856 


... 161,250,000 






i8s7 


. .. 138,225,000 


1889 ■- 




1858 


... 122,055.000 


i8go .. 


. 118,848,000 


1859 


... 107,290.000 


1891 .. 


. 130,650,000 


i860 


... 93.415.000 


1892 .. 


. 146,651,000 


1861 


... 112,270,000 


1893 .. 


. 157^94.000 


1863 


... 110,590,000 


1894 ... 


. 181,175,000 


1863 


... 100.575.000 


1895 .. 


. 198,763,000 


1865 


. . . 94,980.000 


1896 .. 


. 202,251,000 


i86s 


... 101,270,000 


1897 .. 


. 236,073,000 


1865 


... 108.600,000 


1898 .. 


. 286,879.000 


1867 


... 103,500,000 


1899 .. 


. 306.724,000 


1868 


... 97,570,000 


1900 .. 


. 254,570,000 


I86g 


... 106,475,000 


1901 .. 


. 360.993,000 


1870 




1902 .. 


. 396.737,000 


i8?i 




1903 .. 


. 327.702,000 


1872 


... 87,845,000 


1904 .. 


. 347.377.200 


1873 


. . 96.200,000 


1905 .. 


. 380.288,000 


1874 


. . . 90.750,000 


1906 .. 


. 402.503.000 


187s 


. . . 97.500,000 


1907 .. 


d 12,966,000 


1876 


... 103.700,000 


1908 .. 


. 442.477.000 


1877 


... 113.947.D00 


1909 .. 


. 454,145.000 


1878 


... 119,092,000 


1910 .. 


. 454,704.000 


1879 


... 108.778,000 


1911 .. 


. 467,449,000 


188a 


. . . 106.436,000 


1912 .. 


. 466,000.000 


• Est 


mated. 


iti\j' . 


. HiS.ooo.ooo 



PRODUCTION OF GOLD IN THE 
UNITED STATES. 

According to figures issued by the Direc- 
tor of the Mint. (Fine ounces). 

Year. Quantity. Value. 

1880 1,741,500 $36,000,000 

1881 1,678,612 34,700,000 

1882 1,572,187 32,500,000 

1883 1,451,250 30,000,000 

1884 1489,950 30,800,000 

1885 1,538,373 31,801,000 

1886 1,686,788 34,869,000 

1887 1,603,049 33,136,000 

1888 1,604,478 33,167,500 

1889 1,594,775 32,967,000 

1890 1,588,877 32,845,000 

1891 1,604,840 33,175,000 

1892 1,597,098 33,015,000 

1893 1,739,323 35,955,000 

1894 1,910,813 39,500,000 

1895 2,254,760 46,610,000 

1896 2,568,132 53,088,000 

1897 2,774,935 57,363,000 

1898 3,118,398 64,463,000 

1899 3,437,210 71,053,400 

1900 3,829,897 79,171,000 

1901 3,805,500 78,666,700 

1902 3,870,000 80,000,000 

1903 3,560,000 73,591,700 

1904 3,892,480 80,464,700 

1905 4,265,742 88,180,700 

1906 4,565,333 94,373,800 

1907 4,374,827 90,435,700 

1908 4,574,340 94,560,000 

1909 4,821,701 99,673400 

1910 *. 4,6g7,oi8 96,269,100 

191 1 4,687,053 96,890,000 

1912 4,520,717 93,451,500 

Total 93,979,956 1,942,736,200 

Gold value $20.67 per fine ounce. 



27^ 



PLATINUM. 



Average monthly prices of platinum ac- 
cording to the Engineering and Mining 
Journal, at New York, per troy ounce. 

1908. 1909. 1910. 191 1. 1912. 1913. 

Jan. $25.50 $24.10 $29.00 $39.06 $46.00 $45.50 

Feb. 25.50 24.00 28.75 39.31 45.63 45.50 

Mar. 25.50 23.75 29.13 41.00 45.50 45.50 

Apr. 23.50 23.50 29.25 41.35 45.50 45.50 

May 22.50 23.25 29.55 42.81 45.50 45.50 

June 23.50 22.75 31.38 42.88 45.50 45.50 

July 20.00 22.43 33.00 42.95 45.50 45.50 

Aug. 18.75 22.65 33.00 44.38 45.50 44.90 

Sep. 20.00 25.31 33.63 45.31 45.50 43.96 

Oct. 21.50 27.75 37.50 46.25 45.50 44.00 

Nov. 24.00 29.50 39.44 46.13 45.50 43.70 

Dec. 24.00 29.50 38.75 46.00 45.50 43.45 



Year 22.85 24.87 32.70 43.12 45.55 44.88 



QUICKSILVER. 



Average monthly prices of quicksilver at 
New York, per flask of 75 pounds. 

1908. 1909. 1910. 191 1. 1912 1913. 

Jan. $45.00 $45.50 $52.20 $42.00 $43.00 $40.00 

Feb. 45.00 45.50 50.00 48.69 45.50 40.00 

Mar, 45.00 45.50 49.25 52.00 44.60 39-50 

Apr. 45.00 45.00 48.00 49.40 42.06 39.14 

May 45.00 44.50 47.60 45.00 41.56 39.19 

June 44.25 44.50 47.00 43.75 41.40 39.67 

July 44.00 43.75 47.00 48.00 42.50 3900 

Aug. 43.30 4375 46.00 48.25 42.38 39.00 

Sep. 42.87 45.00 46.00 46.88 42.00 39.00 

Oct. 46.25 47.00 45.80 45-20 42.03 38.59 

Nov. 46.60 52.50 43.88 45.00 42.03 38.00 

Dec. 45.75 52.50 42.00 44.25 40.50 38.50 



/ Year 44.84 46.30 47.06 46.54 42.46 39.13 

274 



COMMODITY PRICES. 

This table gives "Bradstreet's" index num- 
bers (the totals of the prices per pound of 
ninety-six articles) since January i, 1908. 

1908. 1909. 1910. 191 1. 1912. 1913. 

Jan. 8.295 8.263 9.231 8.836 8.949 9.493 

Feb. 8.129 8.032 9.073 8.766 8.958 9.459 

Mar. 7.986 8.217 9.111 8.603 8.902 9.405 

Apr. 8.065 8.316 9.200 8.522 9.098 9.297 

May 7.963 8.302 9.039 8.458 9.270 9.139 

June 7.723 8.396 8.91 1 8.529 9.102 9.072 

July 7.822 8.457 8.925 8.594 9. 1 12 8.952 

Aug. 7.933 8.504 8.822 8.657 9.159 9.01 1 

Sep. 7.905 8.591 8.952 8.819 9.215 9.100 

Oct. 8.014 8.748 8.927 8.806 9.451 9.156 

Nov. 8.067 8.964 8.877 8.892 9.478 9.220 

Dec. 8.213 9.126 8.784 8.982 9.546 9.229 



(Yearly Averages.) 

1892 ^,^^^ 1903 7.936 

1893 7.532 1904 7.919 

1894 6.685 1905 8.099 

1895 6.435 1906 8.418 

1896 5.912 1907 8.905 

1897 .-... 6.116 1908 8.009 

1898 6.571 1909 8.515 

1899 7.210 1910 8.989 

1900 7.884 191 1 8.713 

1901 7.575 1912 9.186 

1902 7.876 1913 9.211 



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077 



VALUE OF METALLIC PRODUCTS 
OF THE UNITED STATES. 

(According to U. S. Geological Survey.) 

1880 $185,649,163 

1881 187,549*908 

1882 214,061,009 

1883 196,547,259 

1884 179,230,899 

1885 172,491,08^ 

1886 203,249,225 

1887 236,598,254 

1888 237,574,422 

1889 247,768,701 

1890 292,649,877 

1891 282,617,183 

1892 281,514,539 

1893 219,436,649 

1894 185,804,594 

1895 245,874,431 

1896 251,445,519 

1897 265,209,975 

1898 305,482,183 

1899 487,831,631 

1900 511,632,891 

1901 480,006,859 

1902 599,916,009 

1903 583,433,948 

1904 502,149,624 

1905 700,418,946 

1906 886,110,856 

1907 904,855,142 

1908 549,923,116 

1909 754,281,705 

1910 749,285,310 

1911 680,531,782 

1912 867,103,085 



/ 



Grand total 13,648,235,781 



278 





OUR FOREIGN TRADE. 


Exports and imports of merchandise of 


the United States, and yearly balance: 






Excess 




Exports. 


Imports. Exports. 


1913* $2,250,834,014 


1,608,450,909 642,383,10s 


igi2 


2,300,905,973 


1,817,662,340 582,333,633 


191 T 


2.og2,3?3.r4i 


1,532.931,861 559,441,280 


1910 


1,866,258,904 


1.562,904,151 303,354,753 


1909 


1,728,198,64s 


t,47S.S2o,724 252,677.921 


1908 


1,752,835447 


1,116,374,087 636,461,360 


1907 


1,923,426,205 


M23.i6g,820 500,256.385 


1906 


1,798,243,434 


1,320,501,572 477,741,862 


1905 


1,626,990,795 


1,179,144,550 447.846,245 


1904 


1,451,318,740 


1,035,909.190 415,409.550 


1903 


:,484,7S3.oa3 


995.494.327 489.258,756 


1902 


1.360,685,933 


969.316,870 39'.369,o63 


1901 


,46S,375,8ta 


880,419.910 584,955.930 


1900 


1,477,916,118 


829,149,714 648,796,393 


1899 


1,275,467,971 


798,967410 476,500,561 


.898 


1.255.546.266 


634,904.448 620,581,818 


1897 


1,099,709.045 


742,595.229 357,113,816 


1896 


i,«>S,837,24i 


681,579,556 324,257,865 


189s 


824,86a 136 


801,669,347 23,190,789 


1890 


857,502,548 


823,397,726 34,104,822 


i88s 


688,249,798 


587,808,673 100,381,125 


1880 


889.683,422 


696,807,176 192,876,246 


i87S 


510,947,42a 


503,162,936 7,784.486 


1870 


403.586,010 


461,122,058 t57,546,048 


• 


ileven months ended November. 


t 


Excess of imports. 



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/ 



SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND WEIGHTS. 

Weight Weight 

per per Specific 

Metals. Cu. in. Cu. ft. Gravity. 

Pounds. Pounds. 

Aluminum 096 166 2.66 

Antimony 242 418 6.70 

Bismuth 350 607 9.74 

Brass, cast 292 ^04 8.10 

Brass, rolled 303 524 840 

Bronze (gun metal) .305 529 8.50 

Copper, cast 314 542 8.70 

Copper, rolled 321 555 8.90 

Gold, 24 carat 694 1,204 19.26 

Iron, cast 260 450 7.21 

Iron, wrought 278 480 7.70 

Lead, cast 410 710 11.38 

Mercury, 60 F 489 846 13.58 

Platinum 779 1,342 21.50 

Silver 378 655 10.50 

Steel, rolled 283 490 7.85 

Tin, cast 266 459 7.35 

Zinc, cast 248 429 6.88 



282 



£NGLISH AND AMERICAN PRICE 




EQUIVALENTS 


• 






(£ir-$4.87) 






Sterling Cts. 


Sterling Cts. 


Sterling Cts. 




per per 


per per 


per per 




ton. lb. 


ton. lb. 


ton. lb. 




£l.. .21 


£31.. 6.74 


£61 . . 13.26 




2.. 


.43 


32.. 


6.96 


62.. 


13.48 




3.. 


.65 


33.. 


7.18 


63.. 


13.69 




4.. 


.87 


34.. 


7.40 


64.. 


13.91 




s.. 


1.08 


35.. 


7.61 


65.. 


14.13 




6.. 


1.30 


36.. 


7.83 


66.. 


14.35 




7.. 


1. 52 


"■57T. 


8.05 


67.. 


14.56 




8.. 


1.74 


3^. 


8.26 


68.. 


14.78 




9.. 


1.95 


39.. 


8.48 


69.. 


15.00 




10.. 


2.17 


40.. 


8.70 


70.. 


15.22 




II.. 


2.39 


41.. 


8.91 


71.. 


15.44 




12.. 


2.61 


42.. 


9.13 


72^. 


15.65 




13.. 


2.83 


43.. 


9.35 


73.. 


. 15.87 




14.. 


3.04 


44.. 


. 9.57 


74.. 


. 16.09 




IS.. 


3.26 


45.. 


9.78 


75.. 


. 16.31 




16.. 


. 3.48 


46. 


. 10.00 


76.. 


. 16.53 




17. 


. 3.70 


47.. 


. 10.22 


77- 


. 16.74 




18. 


. 3.91 


48. 


. 10.44 


78.. 


. 16.96 




19. 


. 4.13 


49. 


. 10.66 


79. 


. 17.18 




20. 


. 4.3s 


50. 


. 10.87 


80. 


. 17.39 




21. 


. 4.57 


51. 


. 11.08 


81. 


. 17.51 




22. 


. 4.78 


52. 


. 11.30 


82. 


. 17.83 




23. 


5-00 


53. 


. 11.52 


83. 


. 18.05 




24. 


. 5-22 


54. 


. 11.74 


84. 


. 18.26 




25. 


. 5.44 


55. 


. 11.96 


85. 


. 18.48 




26. 


. 5.6s 


56. 


. 12.18 


86. 


. 18.70 




27. 


. 5.87 


57. 


. 12.39 


87. 


. 18.91 




28. 


6.09 


58. 


. 12.61 


88. 


. 19.13 




29. 


. 6.31 


59. 


. 12.83 


89. 


. 19.35 




30. 


. 6.52 


60. 


. 13.04 


90. 


. 19.57 


k 


.^^ 

»' 




^ 


• 









ENGLISH AND AMERICAN PRICE 




EQUIVALENTS 










(£i-$4.87) 






Sterling Cts, 


Sterling Cts. 


Sterling Cts. 


per 


per 


per 


per 


per 


per 


ton 


lb. 


ton. 


lb. 




lb. 


£91 


. 19.78 


£121. 


26.30 


£151 


. 32.83 


92 


. 20.00 


122. 


26.52 


152 


■ 33-oS 


93 


. 20.23 


123. 


26.74 


153 


. 33-26 


94 


. 20.43 


124. 


26.96 


154 


. 33.48 


95 


. 20.65 


125- 


27.17 


15s 


■ 33-70 


96 


. 20.87 


126. 


"27.39 


156 


- 33.92 


9? 


. 21.09 


127. 


27.61 


■ 57 


. 34.13 


■ 98 


. 21.30 


128. 


27.83 


158 


- 34-35 


99 


. 21.52 


129. 


28.04 


159 


. 34-57 




■ 21-74 


130. 


28.26 


160 


. 34.79 


101 


. 21.96 


131- 


28,48 


161 


. 35-00 


102 


. 22.18 


132. 


28.70 


r62 


■ 35.22 


TO3 


. 22.39 


133. 


28.92 


163 


- 35.44 


104 


. 22.61 


134- 


29-14 


164 


- 35-66 


'OS 


. 22.83 


135. 


29.3s 


■ 6s 


. 35.87 


106 


- 23-05 


136. 


39-57 


166 


- 36-09 


107 


. 23.26 


t37- 


29.79 


167 


- 36-31 


tog 


. 23.48 


138- 


30.00 


168 


. 36.53 


109 


. 23.70 


'39- 


30.22 


169 


. 36.74 


no 


■ 23.92 


140. 


30.43 


170 


- 36-96 


in 


. 24.13 


141. 


30.65 


171 


. 37.18 


na 


■ 24.3s 


142. 


30.87 


172 


- 37-39 


113 


• 24.S? 


143. 


31.09 


173 


. 37.61 


114 


. 24.78 


144. 


31.31 


174 


. 37-83 


"5 


. 2S.O0 


145. 


31.53 


175 


. 38.05 


n6 


. 25.22 


146. 


31-74 


176 


. 38-26 


n? 


. 25.43 


147- 


31.96 


177 


. 38.48 


nS 


. 25.65 


148. 


32.18 


178 


- 38-70 


iig 


. 25.87 


149. 


32.40 


179 


. 38.92 



>\ 



ENGLISH AND AMERICAN PRICE 




E 


QUIVALENTS 


;. 




(£1— $4.87) 


Sterling Cts. 


Sterling Cts. 


Sterling Cts. 


per 


per 


per 


per 


per 


per 


ton. 


lb. 


ton. 


lb. 


ton. 


lb. 


£i8i. 


. 39.35 


£211. 


. 45.87 


£241. 


. 52.40 


182. 


. 39.57 


212. 


. 46.09 


242. 


. 52.61 


183. 


. 39.79 


213. 


. 46.31 


243. 


. 52.83 


184. 


. 40.00 


214. 


. 46.53 


244. 


. 53.05 


185. 


. 40.22 


215. 


. 46.74 


245. 


. 53.27 


186. 


. 40.44 


216. 


. 46.96 


246. 


. 53.48 


187. 


. 40.66 


217. 


. 47.18 


247. 


. 53.70 


188. 


. 40.87 


218. 


. 47.40 


248. 


. 53.92 


189. 


. 41.09 


219. 


. 47.61 


249. 


. 54.14 


190. 


. 41.31 


220. 


. 47.83 


250. 


. 54.35 


191. 


. 41.53 


221. 


- 48.0s 


25r. 


. 54.57 


192. 


. 41.74 


222. 


. 48.27 


252. 


. 54.79 


193. 


. 41.96 


223. 


. 48.48 


253. 


. 55.01 


194. 


. 42.18 


224. 


. 48.70 


254. 


. 55.22 


195. 


. 42.40 


225. 


. 48.92 


255. 


. 55.44 


196. 


. 42.61 


226. 


. 49.13 


256. 


. 55.66 


197. 


. 42.83 


227. 


. 49.35 


257. 


. 55.88 


198. 


. 4305 


228. 


. 49.57 


258. 


. 56.09 


199. 


. 43.26 


229. 


. 49.79 


259. 


. 56.31 


200. 


. 43.48 


230. 


. 50.00 


260. 


. 56.53 


201. 


. 43.70 


231. 


. 50.22 


261. 


. 56.74 


202. 


. 43.92 


232. 


. 50.44 


262. 


. 56.96 


203. 


. 44.13 


233. 


. 50.66 


263. 


. 57.18 


204. 


. 44.35 


234. 


. 50.87 


264. 


. 57.40 


205. 


. 44.57 


235. 


. 51.09 


265. 


. 57.61 


206. 


. 44.79 


236. 


. 51.31 


266. 


. 57.83 


207. 


. 45.00 


237. 


. 51.53 


267. 


. 58.0s 


208. 


. 45.23 


23.8. 


. S1.74 


268. 


. 58.27 


209. 


. 45.44 


239. 


. 51.96 


269. 


. 5849 


210. 


. 45.66 


240. 


. 52.18 


270. 


. 58.70 
c ^ 



iS\ 



m 



L 



EQI 


JIVALENTS 
(2,240 


OF TONS 


INP 

on). 


OUNDS. 




pounds to t 


Tons. Pounds. 


Tons. Pounds. 


Tons 


. Pounds. 


I.. 


. 2,240 


34 


. . . 76,160 


67.. 


. 150,080 


2.. 


. 4,480 


35. 


. . 78,400 


68.. 


. 152,320 


3.. 


. 6,720 


36. 


80,640 


69. . 


. 154,560 


4.. 


8,960 


yj' 


. . 82,880 


70.. 


. 156,800 


s.. 


. 11,200 


38. 


. . 85,120 


71.. 


. 159,040 


6.. 


. 13,440 


39 


. . 87,360 


72.. 


. 161,280 


7.. 


. 15,680 


40. 


.. 89,600 


7Z" 


. 163,520 


8.. 


. 17,920 


41. 


. . 91,840 


74" 


. 165,760 


9.. 


. 20,160 


42 


. . . 94,080 


75" 


. 168,000 


10.. 


. 22,400 


43. 


. . 96,320 


76.. 


. 170,240 


II.. 


. 24,640 


44. 


. . 98,560 


77" 


. 172,480 


12.. 


. 26,880 


45 


. . . 100,800 


78.. 


. 174,720 


13.. 


. 29,120 


46. 


.. 103,040 


79.. 


. 176,960 


14.. 


. 31,360 


47 


. . . 105,280 


80.. 


. 179,200 


15.. 


. 33,600 


48. 


.. 107,520 


81.. 


. 181,440 


16.. 


. 35,840 


49. 


.. 109,760 


82.. 


. 183,680 


17.. 


. 38,080 


50. 


.. 112,000 


83.. 


. 185,920 


18.. 


. 40,320 


51. 


.. 114,240 


84.. 


. 188,160 


19.. 


. 42,560 


52 


.. 116,480 


85.. 


. 190,400 


20.. 


. 44,800 


53 


. .. 118,720 


86.. 


. 192,640 


21.. 


. 47,040 


54. 


. . 120,960 


87.. 


. 194,880 


22. . 


. 49,280 


55 


. . . 123,200 


88.. 


. 197,120 


23. . 


. 51,520 


56. 


.. 125,440 


89.. 


. 199,360 


24.. 


. 53,760 


57 


. . . 127,680 


90.. 


. 201,600 


25.. 


. 56,000 


58. 


. . 129,920 


91.. 


. 203,840 


26. . 


. 58,240 


59 


. . . 132,160 


92.. 


. 206,080 


27.. 


. 60,480 


60 


. .. 134,400 


93.. 


. 208,320 


28.. 


. 62,720 


61 


. .. 136,640 


94.. 


. 210,560 


29.. 


. 64,960 


62 


. .. 138,88c 


95.. 


. 212,800 


30.. 


. 67,200 


(^z 


. .. 141,120 


96.. 


. 215,040 


31.. 


. 69,440 


64 


... 143,360 


97.. 


. 217,280 


32.. 


. 71,680 


65 


. . . 145,600 


98.. 


. 219,520 


JJ.. 


. 73,920 


66 


. .. 147.840 


99.. 


. 221,760 



2S6 



TbOE AMHaCANjfeTAl MARKET 
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A monthly summary and digest of the 
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steel and metal trades. 

Subscription price $1.00 a year. 



Metal Statistics. 

Containing a complete selection of 
statistics relating to the production, 
consumption and price fluctuations of 
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Published annually. Price 50 Cents. 



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81 Fulton Street, New York. 



2^7